Tag: amines

organic chemistry – Is the ammonium substituent (-NH3+) really meta-directing in electrophilic substitution?

The Question : 25 people think this question is useful If we make a resonance structure for the anilinium ion, with positive charge at either the ortho or the para position, we get a pentavalent nitrogen, which is not possible. So, how is the $\ce{-NH3+}$ group meta-directing in electrophilic aromatic substitution reactions, e.g. in nitration