asp.net – How to get Url Hash (#) from server side

The Question :

136 people think this question is useful

I know on client side (javascript) you can use windows.location.hash but could not find anyway to access from the server side.

The Question Comments :
  • did you get a way aruond this problem , I have bookmarks with has in the url and want to access the text after hash on server side ?
  • The answers explain that this is not avail on server, because is only interpret by user agent. I was trying to change the active tab, which I was trying to do that on server side. I ended up doing it on client side instead.
  • Possible duplicate of Can I read the hash portion of the URL on my server-side application (PHP, Ruby, Python, etc.)?

The Answer 1

134 people think this answer is useful

We had a situation where we needed to persist the URL hash across ASP.Net post backs. As the browser does not send the hash to the server by default, the only way to do it is to use some Javascript:

  1. When the form submits, grab the hash (window.location.hash) and store it in a server-side hidden input field Put this in a DIV with an id of “urlhash” so we can find it easily later.

  2. On the server you can use this value if you need to do something with it. You can even change it if you need to.

  3. On page load on the client, check the value of this this hidden field. You will want to find it by the DIV it is contained in as the auto-generated ID won’t be known. Yes, you could do some trickery here with .ClientID but we found it simpler to just use the wrapper DIV as it allows all this Javascript to live in an external file and be used in a generic fashion.

  4. If the hidden input field has a valid value, set that as the URL hash (window.location.hash again) and/or perform other actions.

We used jQuery to simplify the selecting of the field, etc … all in all it ends up being a few jQuery calls, one to save the value, and another to restore it.

Before submit:

$("form").submit(function() {
  $("input", "#urlhash").val(window.location.hash);
});

On page load:

var hashVal = $("input", "#urlhash").val();
if (IsHashValid(hashVal)) {
  window.location.hash = hashVal;
}

IsHashValid() can check for “undefined” or other things you don’t want to handle.

Also, make sure you use $(document).ready() appropriately, of course.

The Answer 2

85 people think this answer is useful

RFC 2396 section 4.1:

When a URI reference is used to perform a retrieval action on the identified resource, the optional fragment identifier, separated from the URI by a crosshatch (“#”) character, consists of additional reference information to be interpreted by the user agent after the retrieval action has been successfully completed. As such, it is not part of a URI, but is often used in conjunction with a URI.

(emphasis added)

The Answer 3

42 people think this answer is useful

That’s because the browser doesn’t transmit that part to the server, sorry.

The Answer 4

7 people think this answer is useful

Probably the only choice is to read it on the client side and transfer it manually to the server (GET/POST/AJAX). Regards Artur

You may see also how to play with back button and browser history at Malcan

The Answer 5

3 people think this answer is useful

Just to rule out the possibility you aren’t actually trying to see the fragment on a GET/POST and actually want to know how to access that part of a URI object you have within your server-side code, it is under Uri.Fragment (MSDN docs).

The Answer 6

0 people think this answer is useful

Possible solution for GET requests:

New Link format: http://example.com/yourDirectory?hash=video01

Call this function toward top of controller or http://example.com/yourDirectory/index.php:

function redirect()
{
    if (!empty($_GET['hash'])) {
        /** Sanitize & Validate $_GET['hash']
               If valid return string
               If invalid: return empty or false
        ******************************************************/
        $validHash = sanitizeAndValidateHashFunction($_GET['hash']);
        if (!empty($validHash)) {
            $url = './#' . $validHash;
        } else {
            $url = '/your404page.php';
        }
        header("Location: $url");
    }
}

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