# asp.net – Unexpected Caching of AJAX results in IE8

## The Question :

135 people think this question is useful

I’m having a serious issue with Internet Explorer caching results from a JQuery Ajax request.

I have header on my web page that gets updated every time a user navigates to a new page. Once the page is loaded I do this

$.get("/game/getpuzzleinfo", null, function(data, status) { var content = "<h1>Wikipedia Maze</h1>"; content += "<p class='endtopic'>Looking for <span><a title='Opens the topic you are looking for in a separate tab or window' href='" + data.EndTopicUrl + "' target='_blank'>" + data.EndTopic + "<a/></span></p>"; content += "<p class='step'>Step <span>" + data.StepCount + "</span></p>"; content += "<p class='level'>Level <span>" + data.PuzzleLevel.toString() + "</span></p>"; content += "<p class='startover'><a href='/game/start/" + data.PuzzleId.toString() + "'>Start Over</a></p>";$("#wikiheader").append(content);

}, "json");



It just injects header info into the page. You can check it out by going to www.wikipediamaze.com and then logging in and starting a new puzzle.

In every browser I’ve tested (Google Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Internet Explorer) it works great except in IE. Eveything gets injected just fine in IE the first time but after that it never even makes the call to /game/getpuzzleinfo. It’s like it has cached the results or something.

If I change the call to $.post("/game/getpuzzleinfo", ... IE picks it up just fine. But then Firefox quits working. Can someone please shed some light on this as to why IE is caching my $.get ajax calls?

UPDATE

Per the suggestion below, I’ve changed my ajax request to this, which fixed my problem:

$.ajax({ type: "GET", url: "/game/getpuzzleinfo", dataType: "json", cache: false, success: function(data) { ... } });  The Question Comments : • Thanks for asking this. I am speechless that this browser behavior. • Good question, and really cool website. Good idea. ## The Answer 1 177 people think this answer is useful IE is notorious for its aggressive caching of Ajax responses. As you’re using jQuery, you can set a global option: $.ajaxSetup({
cache: false
});



which will cause jQuery to add a random value to the request query string, thereby preventing IE from caching the response.

Note that if you have other Ajax calls going on where you do want caching, this will disable it for those too. In that case, switch to using the $.ajax() method and enable that option explicitly for the necessary requests. See http://docs.jquery.com/Ajax/jQuery.ajaxSetup for more info. ## The Answer 2 8 people think this answer is useful As marr75 mentioned, GET‘s are cached. There are a couple of ways to combat this. Aside from modifying the response header, you can also append a randomly generated query string variable to the end of the targeted URL. This way, IE will think it is a different URL each time it is requested. There are multiple ways to do this (such as using Math.random(), a variation on the date, etc). Here’s one way you can do it: var oDate = new Date(); var sURL = "/game/getpuzzleinfo?randomSeed=" + oDate.getMilliseconds();$.get(sURL, null, function(data, status) {
});



3 people think this answer is useful

Gets are always cacheable. One strategy that may work is to edit the response header and tell the client to not cache the information or to expire the cache very soon.

2 people think this answer is useful

If you are calling ashx page you can also disable caching on the server with the following code:

context.Response.Cache.SetCacheability(HttpCacheability.NoCache);
context.Response.Cache.SetRevalidation(HttpCacheRevalidation.AllCaches);



1 people think this answer is useful

this is what i do for ajax calls:

var url = "/mypage.aspx";
// my other vars i want to add go here
url = url + "&amp;sid=" + Math.random();
// make ajax call



it works pretty well for me.

1 people think this answer is useful

NickFitz gives a good answer, but you’ll need to turn the caching off in IE9 as well. In order to target just IE8 and IE9 you could do this;

<!--[if lte IE 9]>
<script>
$.ajaxSetup({ cache: false }); </script> <![endif]-->  ## The Answer 7 0 people think this answer is useful The answers here are very helpful for those who use jQuery or for some reason directly use the xmlHttpRequest object… If you’re using the auto-generated Microsoft service proxy its not as simple to solve. The trick is to use Sys.Net.WebRequestManager.add_invokingRequest method in the event handler change the request url: networkRequestEventArgs._webRequest._url = networkRequestEventArgs._webRequest._url + '&amp;nocache=' + new Date().getMilliseconds();  I’ve blogged about this: http://yoavniran.wordpress.com/2010/04/27/ie-caching-ajax-results-how-to-fix/ ## The Answer 8 0 people think this answer is useful Just wrote a blog on this exact issue only using ExtJS (http://thecodeabode.blogspot.com/2010/10/cache-busting-ajax-requests-in-ie.html ) The problem was as I was using a specific url rewriting format I couldn’t use conventional query string params (?param=value), so I had write the cache busting parameter as a posted variable instead….. I would have thought that using POST variables are a bit safer that GET, simply because a lot of MVC frameworks use the pattern protocol://host/controller/action/param1/param2 and so the mapping of variable name to value is lost, and params are simply stacked… so when using a GET cache buster parameter i.e. protocol://host/controller/action/param1/param2/no_cache122300201 no_cache122300201 can be mistaken for a$param3 parameter which could have a default value

i.e.

public function action($param1,$param2, \$param3 = “default value”) { //..// }

no chance of that happening with POSTED cache busters

0 people think this answer is useful

If you are using ASP.NET MVC, it is enough to add this line on top of the controller action:

[OutputCache(NoStore=true, Duration = 0, VaryByParam = "None")]
public ActionResult getSomething()
{

}



If you are using ASP.NET MVC, you can write an ActionFilter; in OnResultExecuted, check filterContext.HttpContext.Request.IsAjaxRequest(). If so, set the response’s expire header: filterContext.HttpContext.Response.Expires = -1;