c# – How do you bind an Enum to a DropDownList control in ASP.NET?

The Question :

128 people think this question is useful

Let’s say I have the following simple enum:

enum Response
{
    Yes = 1,
    No = 2,
    Maybe = 3
}

How can I bind this enum to a DropDownList control so that the descriptions are displayed in the list as well as retrieve the associated numeric value (1,2,3) once an option has been selected?

The Question Comments :

The Answer 1

112 people think this answer is useful

I probably wouldn’t bind the data as it’s an enum, and it won’t change after compile time (unless I’m having one of those stoopid moments).

Better just to iterate through the enum:

Dim itemValues As Array = System.Enum.GetValues(GetType(Response))
Dim itemNames As Array = System.Enum.GetNames(GetType(Response))

For i As Integer = 0 To itemNames.Length - 1
    Dim item As New ListItem(itemNames(i), itemValues(i))
    dropdownlist.Items.Add(item)
Next

Or the same in C#

Array itemValues = System.Enum.GetValues(typeof(Response));
Array itemNames = System.Enum.GetNames(typeof(Response));

for (int i = 0; i <= itemNames.Length - 1 ; i++) {
    ListItem item = new ListItem(itemNames[i], itemValues[i]);
    dropdownlist.Items.Add(item);
}

The Answer 2

70 people think this answer is useful

Use the following utility class Enumeration to get an IDictionary<int,string> (Enum value & name pair) from an Enumeration; you then bind the IDictionary to a bindable Control.

public static class Enumeration
{
    public static IDictionary<int, string> GetAll<TEnum>() where TEnum: struct
    {
        var enumerationType = typeof (TEnum);

        if (!enumerationType.IsEnum)
            throw new ArgumentException("Enumeration type is expected.");

        var dictionary = new Dictionary<int, string>();

        foreach (int value in Enum.GetValues(enumerationType))
        {
            var name = Enum.GetName(enumerationType, value);
            dictionary.Add(value, name);
        }

        return dictionary;
    }
}

Example: Using the utility class to bind enumeration data to a control

ddlResponse.DataSource = Enumeration.GetAll<Response>();
ddlResponse.DataTextField = "Value";
ddlResponse.DataValueField = "Key";
ddlResponse.DataBind();

The Answer 3

43 people think this answer is useful

I use this for ASP.NET MVC:

Html.DropDownListFor(o => o.EnumProperty, Enum.GetValues(typeof(enumtype)).Cast<enumtype>().Select(x => new SelectListItem { Text = x.ToString(), Value = ((int)x).ToString() }))

The Answer 4

36 people think this answer is useful

My version is just a compressed form of the above:

foreach (Response r in Enum.GetValues(typeof(Response)))
{
    ListItem item = new ListItem(Enum.GetName(typeof(Response), r), r.ToString());
    DropDownList1.Items.Add(item);
}

The Answer 5

23 people think this answer is useful
public enum Color
{
    RED,
    GREEN,
    BLUE
}

Every Enum type derives from System.Enum. There are two static methods that help bind data to a drop-down list control (and retrieve the value). These are Enum.GetNames and Enum.Parse. Using GetNames, you are able to bind to your drop-down list control as follows:

protected System.Web.UI.WebControls.DropDownList ddColor;

private void Page_Load(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
     if(!IsPostBack)
     {
        ddColor.DataSource = Enum.GetNames(typeof(Color));
        ddColor.DataBind();
     }
}

Now if you want the Enum value Back on Selection ….

  private void ddColor_SelectedIndexChanged(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
  {
    Color selectedColor = (Color)Enum.Parse(typeof(Color),ddColor.SelectedValue
  }

The Answer 6

11 people think this answer is useful

After reading all posts I came up with a comprehensive solution to support showing enum description in dropdown list as well as selecting proper value from Model in dropdown when displaying in Edit mode:

enum:

using System.ComponentModel;
public enum CompanyType
{
    [Description("")]
    Null = 1,

    [Description("Supplier")]
    Supplier = 2,

    [Description("Customer")]
    Customer = 3
}

enum extension class:

using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Linq;
using System.Web.Mvc;

public static class EnumExtension
{
    public static string ToDescription(this System.Enum value)
    {
        var attributes = (DescriptionAttribute[])value.GetType().GetField(value.ToString()).GetCustomAttributes(typeof(DescriptionAttribute), false);
        return attributes.Length > 0 ? attributes[0].Description : value.ToString();
    }

    public static IEnumerable<SelectListItem> ToSelectList<T>(this System.Enum enumValue)
    {
        return
            System.Enum.GetValues(enumValue.GetType()).Cast<T>()
                  .Select(
                      x =>
                      new SelectListItem
                          {
                              Text = ((System.Enum)(object) x).ToDescription(),
                              Value = x.ToString(),
                              Selected = (enumValue.Equals(x))
                          });
    }
}

Model class:

public class Company
{
    public string CompanyName { get; set; }
    public CompanyType Type { get; set; }
}

and View:

@Html.DropDownListFor(m => m.Type,
@Model.Type.ToSelectList<CompanyType>())

and if you are using that dropdown without binding to Model, you can use this instead:

@Html.DropDownList("type",                  
Enum.GetValues(typeof(CompanyType)).Cast<CompanyType>()
.Select(x => new SelectListItem {Text = x.ToDescription(), Value = x.ToString()}))

So by doing so you can expect your dropdown displays Description instead of enum values. Also when it comes to Edit, your model will be updated by dropdown selected value after posting page.

The Answer 7

8 people think this answer is useful

As others have already said – don’t databind to an enum, unless you need to bind to different enums depending on situation. There are several ways to do this, a couple of examples below.

ObjectDataSource

A declarative way of doing it with ObjectDataSource. First, create a BusinessObject class that will return the List to bind the DropDownList to:

public class DropDownData
{
    enum Responses { Yes = 1, No = 2, Maybe = 3 }

    public String Text { get; set; }
    public int Value { get; set; }

    public List<DropDownData> GetList()
    {
        var items = new List<DropDownData>();
        foreach (int value in Enum.GetValues(typeof(Responses)))
        {
            items.Add(new DropDownData
                          {
                              Text = Enum.GetName(typeof (Responses), value),
                              Value = value
                          });
        }
        return items;
    }
}

Then add some HTML markup to the ASPX page to point to this BO class:

<asp:DropDownList ID="DropDownList1" runat="server" 
    DataSourceID="ObjectDataSource1" DataTextField="Text" DataValueField="Value">
</asp:DropDownList>
<asp:ObjectDataSource ID="ObjectDataSource1" runat="server" 
    SelectMethod="GetList" TypeName="DropDownData"></asp:ObjectDataSource>

This option requires no code behind.

Code Behind DataBind

To minimize the HTML in the ASPX page and do bind in Code Behind:

enum Responses { Yes = 1, No = 2, Maybe = 3 }

protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
    if (!IsPostBack)
    {
        foreach (int value in Enum.GetValues(typeof(Responses)))
        {
            DropDownList1.Items.Add(new ListItem(Enum.GetName(typeof(Responses), value), value.ToString()));
        }
    }
}

Anyway, the trick is to let the Enum type methods of GetValues, GetNames etc. to do work for you.

The Answer 8

6 people think this answer is useful

I am not sure how to do it in ASP.NET but check out this post… it might help?

Enum.GetValues(typeof(Response));

The Answer 9

6 people think this answer is useful

You could use linq:

var responseTypes= Enum.GetNames(typeof(Response)).Select(x => new { text = x, value = (int)Enum.Parse(typeof(Response), x) });
    DropDownList.DataSource = responseTypes;
    DropDownList.DataTextField = "text";
    DropDownList.DataValueField = "value";
    DropDownList.DataBind();

The Answer 10

5 people think this answer is useful
Array itemValues = Enum.GetValues(typeof(TaskStatus));
Array itemNames = Enum.GetNames(typeof(TaskStatus));

for (int i = 0; i <= itemNames.Length; i++)
{
    ListItem item = new ListItem(itemNames.GetValue(i).ToString(),
    itemValues.GetValue(i).ToString());
    ddlStatus.Items.Add(item);
}

The Answer 11

4 people think this answer is useful
public enum Color
{
    RED,
    GREEN,
    BLUE
}

ddColor.DataSource = Enum.GetNames(typeof(Color));
ddColor.DataBind();

The Answer 12

3 people think this answer is useful

Generic Code Using Answer six.

public static void BindControlToEnum(DataBoundControl ControlToBind, Type type)
{
    //ListControl

    if (type == null)
        throw new ArgumentNullException("type");
    else if (ControlToBind==null )
        throw new ArgumentNullException("ControlToBind");
    if (!type.IsEnum)
        throw new ArgumentException("Only enumeration type is expected.");

    Dictionary<int, string> pairs = new Dictionary<int, string>();

    foreach (int i in Enum.GetValues(type))
    {
        pairs.Add(i, Enum.GetName(type, i));
    }
    ControlToBind.DataSource = pairs;
    ListControl lstControl = ControlToBind as ListControl;
    if (lstControl != null)
    {
        lstControl.DataTextField = "Value";
        lstControl.DataValueField = "Key";
    }
    ControlToBind.DataBind();

}

The Answer 13

3 people think this answer is useful

After finding this answer I came up with what I think is a better (at least more elegant) way of doing this, thought I’d come back and share it here.

Page_Load:

DropDownList1.DataSource = Enum.GetValues(typeof(Response));
DropDownList1.DataBind();

LoadValues:

Response rIn = Response.Maybe;
DropDownList1.Text = rIn.ToString();

SaveValues:

Response rOut = (Response) Enum.Parse(typeof(Response), DropDownList1.Text);

The Answer 14

2 people think this answer is useful

This is probably an old question.. but this is how I did mine.

Model:

public class YourEntity
{
   public int ID { get; set; }
   public string Name{ get; set; }
   public string Description { get; set; }
   public OptionType Types { get; set; }
}

public enum OptionType
{
    Unknown,
    Option1, 
    Option2,
    Option3
}

Then in the View: here’s how to use populate the dropdown.

@Html.EnumDropDownListFor(model => model.Types, htmlAttributes: new { @class = "form-control" })

This should populate everything in your enum list. Hope this helps..

The Answer 15

1 people think this answer is useful

That’s not quite what you’re looking for, but might help:

http://blog.jeffhandley.com/archive/2008/01/27/enum-list-dropdown-control.aspx

The Answer 16

1 people think this answer is useful

Why not use like this to be able pass every listControle :


public static void BindToEnum(Type enumType, ListControl lc)
        {
            // get the names from the enumeration
            string[] names = Enum.GetNames(enumType);
            // get the values from the enumeration
            Array values = Enum.GetValues(enumType);
            // turn it into a hash table
            Hashtable ht = new Hashtable();
            for (int i = 0; i < names.Length; i++)
                // note the cast to integer here is important
                // otherwise we'll just get the enum string back again
                ht.Add(names[i], (int)values.GetValue(i));
            // return the dictionary to be bound to
            lc.DataSource = ht;
            lc.DataTextField = "Key";
            lc.DataValueField = "Value";
            lc.DataBind();
        }

And use is just as simple as :

BindToEnum(typeof(NewsType), DropDownList1);
BindToEnum(typeof(NewsType), CheckBoxList1);
BindToEnum(typeof(NewsType), RadoBuuttonList1);

The Answer 17

1 people think this answer is useful

ASP.NET has since been updated with some more functionality, and you can now use built-in enum to dropdown.

If you want to bind on the Enum itself, use this:

@Html.DropDownList("response", EnumHelper.GetSelectList(typeof(Response)))

If you’re binding on an instance of Response, use this:

// Assuming Model.Response is an instance of Response
@Html.EnumDropDownListFor(m => m.Response)

The Answer 18

0 people think this answer is useful

This is my solution for Order an Enum and DataBind(Text and Value)to Dropdown using LINQ

var mylist = Enum.GetValues(typeof(MyEnum)).Cast<MyEnum>().ToList<MyEnum>().OrderBy(l => l.ToString());
foreach (MyEnum item in mylist)
    ddlDivisao.Items.Add(new ListItem(item.ToString(), ((int)item).ToString()));

The Answer 19

0 people think this answer is useful

Check out my post on creating a custom helper “ASP.NET MVC – Creating a DropDownList helper for enums”: http://blogs.msdn.com/b/stuartleeks/archive/2010/05/21/asp-net-mvc-creating-a-dropdownlist-helper-for-enums.aspx

The Answer 20

0 people think this answer is useful

If you would like to have a more user friendly description in your combo box (or other control) you can use the Description attribute with the following function:

    public static object GetEnumDescriptions(Type enumType)
    {
        var list = new List<KeyValuePair<Enum, string>>();
        foreach (Enum value in Enum.GetValues(enumType))
        {
            string description = value.ToString();
            FieldInfo fieldInfo = value.GetType().GetField(description);
            var attribute = fieldInfo.GetCustomAttributes(typeof(DescriptionAttribute), false).First();
            if (attribute != null)
            {
                description = (attribute as DescriptionAttribute).Description;
            }
            list.Add(new KeyValuePair<Enum, string>(value, description));
        }
        return list;
    }

Here is an example of an enum with Description attributes applied:

    enum SampleEnum
    {
        NormalNoSpaces,
        [Description("Description With Spaces")]
        DescriptionWithSpaces,
        [Description("50%")]
        Percent_50,
    }

Then Bind to control like so…

        m_Combo_Sample.DataSource = GetEnumDescriptions(typeof(SampleEnum));
        m_Combo_Sample.DisplayMember = "Value";
        m_Combo_Sample.ValueMember = "Key";

This way you can put whatever text you want in the drop down without it having to look like a variable name

The Answer 21

0 people think this answer is useful

You could also use Extension methods. For those not familar with extensions I suggest checking the VB and C# documentation.


VB Extension:

Namespace CustomExtensions
    Public Module ListItemCollectionExtension

        <Runtime.CompilerServices.Extension()> _
        Public Sub AddEnum(Of TEnum As Structure)(items As System.Web.UI.WebControls.ListItemCollection)
            Dim enumerationType As System.Type = GetType(TEnum)
            Dim enumUnderType As System.Type = System.Enum.GetUnderlyingType(enumType)

            If Not enumerationType.IsEnum Then Throw New ArgumentException("Enumeration type is expected.")

            Dim enumTypeNames() As String = System.Enum.GetNames(enumerationType)
            Dim enumTypeValues() As TEnum = System.Enum.GetValues(enumerationType)

            For i = 0 To enumTypeNames.Length - 1
                items.Add(New System.Web.UI.WebControls.ListItem(saveResponseTypeNames(i), TryCast(enumTypeValues(i), System.Enum).ToString("d")))
            Next
        End Sub
    End Module
End Namespace

To use the extension:

Imports <projectName>.CustomExtensions.ListItemCollectionExtension

...

yourDropDownList.Items.AddEnum(Of EnumType)()


C# Extension:

namespace CustomExtensions
{
    public static class ListItemCollectionExtension
    {
        public static void AddEnum<TEnum>(this System.Web.UI.WebControls.ListItemCollection items) where TEnum : struct
        {
            System.Type enumType = typeof(TEnum);
            System.Type enumUnderType = System.Enum.GetUnderlyingType(enumType);

            if (!enumType.IsEnum) throw new Exception("Enumeration type is expected.");

            string[] enumTypeNames = System.Enum.GetNames(enumType);
            TEnum[] enumTypeValues = (TEnum[])System.Enum.GetValues(enumType);

            for (int i = 0; i < enumTypeValues.Length; i++)
            {
                items.add(new System.Web.UI.WebControls.ListItem(enumTypeNames[i], (enumTypeValues[i] as System.Enum).ToString("d")));
            }
        }
    }
}

To use the extension:

using CustomExtensions.ListItemCollectionExtension;

...

yourDropDownList.Items.AddEnum<EnumType>()


If you want to set the selected item at the same time replace

items.Add(New System.Web.UI.WebControls.ListItem(saveResponseTypeNames(i), saveResponseTypeValues(i).ToString("d")))

with

Dim newListItem As System.Web.UI.WebControls.ListItem
newListItem = New System.Web.UI.WebControls.ListItem(enumTypeNames(i), Convert.ChangeType(enumTypeValues(i), enumUnderType).ToString())
newListItem.Selected = If(EqualityComparer(Of TEnum).Default.Equals(selected, saveResponseTypeValues(i)), True, False)
items.Add(newListItem)

By converting to System.Enum rather then int size and output issues are avoided. For example 0xFFFF0000 would be 4294901760 as an uint but would be -65536 as an int.

TryCast and as System.Enum are slightly faster than Convert.ChangeType(enumTypeValues[i], enumUnderType).ToString() (12:13 in my speed tests).

The Answer 22

0 people think this answer is useful

Both asp.net and winforms tutorial with combobox and dropdownlist: How to use Enum with Combobox in C# WinForms and Asp.Net

hope helps

The Answer 23

0 people think this answer is useful

The accepted solution doesn’t work, but the code below will help others looking for the shortest solution.

 foreach (string value in Enum.GetNames(typeof(Response)))
                    ddlResponse.Items.Add(new ListItem()
                    {
                        Text = value,
                        Value = ((int)Enum.Parse(typeof(Response), value)).ToString()
                    });

The Answer 24

0 people think this answer is useful

You can do this a lot shorter

public enum Test
    {
        Test1 = 1,
        Test2 = 2,
        Test3 = 3
    }
    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {

            var items = Enum.GetValues(typeof(Test));

            foreach (var item in items)
            {
                //Gives you the names
                Console.WriteLine(item);
            }


            foreach(var item in (Test[])items)
            {
                // Gives you the numbers
                Console.WriteLine((int)item);
            }
        }
    }

The Answer 25

0 people think this answer is useful

For those of us that want a working C# solution that works with any drop and enum…

private void LoadConsciousnessDrop()
{
    string sel_val = this.drp_Consciousness.SelectedValue;
    this.drp_Consciousness.Items.Clear();
    string[] names = Enum.GetNames(typeof(Consciousness));
    
    for (int i = 0; i < names.Length; i++)
        this.drp_Consciousness.Items.Add(new ListItem(names[i], ((int)((Consciousness)Enum.Parse(typeof(Consciousness), names[i]))).ToString()));

    this.drp_Consciousness.SelectedValue = String.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(sel_val) ? null : sel_val;
}

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