python – how to sort pandas dataframe from one column

The Question :

309 people think this question is useful

I have a data frame like this:

print(df)

        0          1     2
0   354.7      April   4.0
1    55.4     August   8.0
2   176.5   December  12.0
3    95.5   February   2.0
4    85.6    January   1.0
5     152       July   7.0
6   238.7       June   6.0
7   104.8      March   3.0
8   283.5        May   5.0
9   278.8   November  11.0
10  249.6    October  10.0
11  212.7  September   9.0

As you can see, months are not in calendar order. So I created a second column to get the month number corresponding to each month (1-12). From there, how can I sort this data frame according to calendar months’ order?

The Question Comments :

The Answer 1

415 people think this answer is useful

Use sort_values to sort the df by a specific column’s values:

In [18]:
df.sort_values('2')

Out[18]:
        0          1     2
4    85.6    January   1.0
3    95.5   February   2.0
7   104.8      March   3.0
0   354.7      April   4.0
8   283.5        May   5.0
6   238.7       June   6.0
5   152.0       July   7.0
1    55.4     August   8.0
11  212.7  September   9.0
10  249.6    October  10.0
9   278.8   November  11.0
2   176.5   December  12.0

If you want to sort by two columns, pass a list of column labels to sort_values with the column labels ordered according to sort priority. If you use df.sort_values(['2', '0']), the result would be sorted by column 2 then column 0. Granted, this does not really make sense for this example because each value in df['2'] is unique.

The Answer 2

113 people think this answer is useful

I tried the solutions above and I do not achieve results, so I found a different solution that works for me. The ascending=False is to order the dataframe in descending order, by default it is True. I am using python 3.6.6 and pandas 0.23.4 versions.

final_df = df.sort_values(by=['2'], ascending=False)

You can see more details in pandas documentation here.

The Answer 3

13 people think this answer is useful

Just as another solution:

Instead of creating the second column, you can categorize your string data(month name) and sort by that like this:

df.rename(columns={1:'month'},inplace=True)
df['month'] = pd.Categorical(df['month'],categories=['December','November','October','September','August','July','June','May','April','March','February','January'],ordered=True)
df = df.sort_values('month',ascending=False)

It will give you the ordered data by month name as you specified while creating the Categorical object.

The Answer 4

12 people think this answer is useful

Using column name worked for me.

sorted_df = df.sort_values(by=['Column_name'], ascending=True)

The Answer 5

9 people think this answer is useful

Just adding some more operations on data. Suppose we have a dataframe df, we can do several operations to get desired outputs

ID         cost      tax    label
1       216590      1600    test      
2       523213      1800    test 
3          250      1500    experiment

(df['label'].value_counts().to_frame().reset_index()).sort_values('label', ascending=False)

will give sorted output of labels as a dataframe

    index   label
0   test        2
1   experiment  1

The Answer 6

2 people think this answer is useful

Here is template of sort_values according to pandas documentation.

DataFrame.sort_values(by, axis=0,
                          ascending=True,
                          inplace=False,
                          kind='quicksort',
                          na_position='last',
                          ignore_index=False, key=None)

In this case it will be like this.

df.sort_values(by=['2'])

API Reference pandas.DataFrame.sort_values

The Answer 7

0 people think this answer is useful

This worked for me

df.sort_values(by='Column_name', inplace=True, ascending=False)

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