python – How to embed image or picture in jupyter notebook, either from a local machine or from a web resource?

The Question :

355 people think this question is useful

I would like to include image in a jupyter notebook.

If I did the following, it works :

from IPython.display import Image
Image("img/picture.png")

But I would like to include the images in a markdown cell and the following code gives a 404 error :

![title]("img/picture.png")

I also tried

![texte]("http://localhost:8888/img/picture.png")

But I still get the same error :

404 GET /notebooks/%22/home/user/folder/img/picture.png%22 (127.0.0.1) 2.74ms referer=http://localhost:8888/notebooks/notebook.ipynb

The Question Comments :

The Answer 1

345 people think this answer is useful

You mustn’t use quotation marks around the name of the image files in markdown!

If you carefully read your error message, you will see the two %22 parts in the link. That is the html encoded quotation mark.

You have to change the line

![title]("img/picture.png")

to

![title](img/picture.png)

UPDATE

It is assumed, that you have the following file structure and that you run the jupyter notebook command in the directory where the file example.ipynb (<– contains the markdown for the image) is stored:

/
+-- example.ipynb
+-- img
    +-- picture.png

The Answer 2

241 people think this answer is useful

There are several ways to post an image in Jupyter notebooks:

via HTML:

from IPython.display import Image
from IPython.core.display import HTML 
Image(url= "http://my_site.com/my_picture.jpg")

You retain the ability to use HTML tags to resize, etc…

Image(url= "http://my_site.com/my_picture.jpg", width=100, height=100)

You can also display images stored locally, either via relative or absolute path.

PATH = "/Users/reblochonMasque/Documents/Drawings/"
Image(filename = PATH + "My_picture.jpg", width=100, height=100)

if the image it wider than the display settings: thanks

use unconfined=True to disable max-width confinement of the image

from IPython.core.display import Image, display
display(Image('https://i.ytimg.com/vi/j22DmsZEv30/maxresdefault.jpg', width=1900, unconfined=True))

or via markdown:

  • make sure the cell is a markdown cell, and not a code cell, thanks @游凯超 in the comments)
  • Please note that on some systems, the markdown does not allow white space in the filenames. Thanks to @CoffeeTableEspresso and @zebralamy in the comments)
    (On macos, as long as you are on a markdown cell you would do like this: ![title](../image 1.png), and not worry about the white space).

for a web image:

![Image of Yaktocat](https://octodex.github.com/images/yaktocat.png)

as shown by @cristianmtr Paying attention not to use either these quotes "" or those '' around the url.

or a local one:

![title](img/picture.png)

demonstrated by @Sebastian

The Answer 3

69 people think this answer is useful

Alternatively, you can use a plain HTML <img src>, which allows you to change height and width and is still read by the markdown interpreter:

<img src="subdirectory/MyImage.png" width=60 height=60 />

The Answer 4

32 people think this answer is useful

Insert the image directly in the Jupyter notebook.

Note: You should have a local copy of the image on your computer

You can insert the image in the Jupyter notebook itself. This way you don’t need to keep the image separately in the folder.

Steps:

  1. Convert the cell to markdown by:

    • pressing M on the selected cell
      OR
    • From menu bar, Cell > Cell Type > Markdown.
      (Note: It’s important to convert the cell to Markdown, otherwise the “Insert Image” option in Step 2 will not be active)
  2. Now go to menu bar and select Edit -> Insert Image.

  3. Select image from your disk and upload.

  4. Press Ctrl+Enter or Shift+Enter.

This will make the image as part of the notebook and you don’t need to upload in the directory or Github. I feel this looks more clean and not prone to broken URL issue.

The Answer 5

23 people think this answer is useful

I know this is not fully relevant, but since this answer is ranked first many a times when you search ‘how to display images in Jupyter‘, please consider this answer as well.

You could use matplotlib to show an image as follows.

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import matplotlib.image as mpimg
image = mpimg.imread("your_image.png")
plt.imshow(image)
plt.show()

The Answer 6

20 people think this answer is useful

I’m surprised no one here has mentioned the html cell magic option. from the docs (IPython, but same for Jupyter)

%%html

Render the cell as a block of HTML

The Answer 7

20 people think this answer is useful

In addition to the other answers using HTML (either in Markdown or using the %%HTML magic:

If you need to specify the image height, this will not work:

<img src="image.png" height=50> <-- will not work

That is because the CSS styling in Jupyter uses height: auto per default for the img tags, which overrides the HTML height attribute. You need need to overwrite the CSS height attribute instead:

<img src="image.png" style="height:50px"> <-- works

The Answer 8

18 people think this answer is useful
  1. Set cell mode to Markdown
  2. Drag and drop your image into the cell. The following command will be created:

![image.png](attachment:image.png)

  1. Execute/Run the cell and the image shows up.

The image is actually embedded in the ipynb Notebook and you don’t need to mess around with separate files. This is unfortunately not working with Jupyter-Lab (v 1.1.4) yet.

Edit: Works in JupyterLab Version 1.2.6

The Answer 9

13 people think this answer is useful

Here’s how you can do it with Markdown:

![Image of Yaktocat](https://octodex.github.com/images/yaktocat.png)

The Answer 10

10 people think this answer is useful

If you want to use the Jupyter Notebook API (and not the IPython one anymore), I find the ipywidgets Jupyter’s sub-project. You have an Image widget. Docstring specifies that you have a value parameter which is a bytes. So you can do:

import requests
from ipywidgets import Image

Image(value=requests.get('https://octodex.github.com/images/yaktocat.png').content)

I agree, it’s simpler to use the Markdown style. But it shows you the Image display Notebook API. You can also resize the image with the width and height parameters.

The Answer 11

8 people think this answer is useful

Here is a Solution for Jupyter and Python3:

I droped my images in a folder named ImageTest. My directory is:

C:\Users\MyPcName\ImageTest\image.png

To show the image I used this expression:

![title](/notebooks/ImageTest/image.png "ShowMyImage")

Also watch out for / and \

The Answer 12

4 people think this answer is useful

This works for me in a markdown cell. Somehow I do not need to mention specifically if its an image or a simple file.

![](files/picture.png)

The Answer 13

2 people think this answer is useful

One thing I found is the path of your image must be relative to wherever the notebook was originally loaded from. if you cd to a different directory, such as Pictures your Markdown path is still relative to the original loading directory.

The Answer 14

2 people think this answer is useful

While a lot of the above answers give ways to embed an image using a file or with Python code, there is a way to embed an image in the jupyter notebook itself using only markdown and base64!

To view an image in the browser, you can visit the link data:image/png;base64,**image data here** for a base64-encoded PNG image, or data:image/jpg;base64,**image data here** for a base64-encoded JPG image. An example link can be found at the end of this answer.

To embed this into a markdown page, simply use a similar construct as the file answers, but with a base64 link instead: ![**description**](data:image/**type**;base64,**base64 data**). Now your image is 100% embedded into your Jupyter Notebook file!

Example link: data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAAAoAAAAKCAYAAACNMs+9AAAABHNCSVQICAgIfAhkiAAAAD9JREFUGJW1jzEOADAIAqHx/1+mE4ltNXEpI3eJQknCIGsiHSLJB+aO/06PxOo/x2wBgKR2jCeEy0rOO6MDdzYQJRcVkl1NggAAAABJRU5ErkJggg==

Example markdown: ![smile](data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAAAoAAAAKCAYAAACNMs+9AAAABHNCSVQICAgIfAhkiAAAAD9JREFUGJW1jzEOADAIAqHx/1+mE4ltNXEpI3eJQknCIGsiHSLJB+aO/06PxOo/x2wBgKR2jCeEy0rOO6MDdzYQJRcVkl1NggAAAABJRU5ErkJggg==)

The Answer 15

0 people think this answer is useful

Agreed, i had the same issues and this is what worked and what did not:

WORKED: <img src="Docs/pinoutDOIT32devkitv1.png" width="800"/>
*DOES NOT WORK: <img src="/Docs/pinoutDOIT32devkitv1.png" width="800"/>
DOES NOT WORK: <img src="./Docs/pinoutDOIT32devkitv1.png" width="800"/>*

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