python – Comprehensive beginner’s virtualenv tutorial?

The Question :

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I’ve been hearing the buzz about virtualenv lately, and I’m interested. But all I’ve heard is a smattering of praise, and don’t have a clear understanding of what it is or how to use it.

I’m looking for (ideally) a follow-along tutorial that can take me from Windows or Linux with no Python on it, and explain every step of (in no particular order):

  • what I should do to be able to start using virtualenv
  • specific reasons why using virtualenv is a good idea
  • situations where I can/can’t use virtualenv
  • situations where I should/shouldn’t use virtualenv

And step through (comprehensively) a couple sample situations of the should+can variety.

So what are some good tutorials to cover this stuff? Or if you have the time and interest, perhaps you can answer a few of those questions here. Either in your answer, or as a link to tutorials that answer it, these are the things I’d like to know.

The Question Comments :

The Answer 1

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This is very good: http://simononsoftware.com/virtualenv-tutorial-part-2/

And this is a slightly more practical one: https://web.archive.org/web/20160404222648/https://iamzed.com/2009/05/07/a-primer-on-virtualenv/

The Answer 2

34 people think this answer is useful

Virtualenv is a tool to create isolated Python environments.

Let’s say you’re working in 2 different projects, A and B.
Project A is a web project and the team is using the following packages:

  • Python 2.8.x
  • Django 1.6.x

The project B is also a web project but your team is using:

  • Python 2.7.x
  • Django 1.4.x

The machine that you’re working doesn’t have any version of django, what should you do? Install django 1.4? django 1.6? If you install django 1.4 globally would be easy to point to django 1.6 to work in project A?

Virtualenv is your solution! You can create 2 different virtualenv’s, one for project A and another for project B. Now, when you need to work in project A, just activate the virtualenv for project A, and vice-versa.

A better tip when using virtualenv is to install virtualenvwrapper to manage all the virtualenv’s that you have, easily. It’s a wrapper for creating, working, removing virtualenv’s.

The Answer 3

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Here’s another good one: http://www.saltycrane.com/blog/2009/05/notes-using-pip-and-virtualenv-django/

This one shows how to use pip and a pip requirements file with virtualenv; Scobal‘s two suggested tutorials are both very helpful but are both easy_install-centric.

Note that none of these tutorials explain how to run a different version of Python within a virtualenv – for this, see this SO question: Use different Python version with virtualenv

The Answer 4

2 people think this answer is useful

For setting up virtualenv on a clean Ubuntu installation, I found this zookeeper tutorial to be the best – you can ignore the parts about zookeper itself. The virtualenvwrapper documentation offers similar content, but it’s a bit scarce on telling you what exactly to put into your .bashrc file.

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