python – Installing PIL with pip

The Question :

374 people think this question is useful

I am trying to install PIL (the Python Imaging Library) using the command:

sudo pip install pil

but I get the following message:

Downloading/unpacking PIL
  You are installing a potentially insecure and unverifiable file. Future versions of pip will default to disallowing insecure files.
  Downloading PIL-1.1.7.tar.gz (506kB): 506kB downloaded
  Running setup.py egg_info for package PIL
    WARNING: '' not a valid package name; please use only.-separated package names in setup.py

Installing collected packages: PIL
  Running setup.py install for PIL
    WARNING: '' not a valid package name; please use only.-separated package names in setup.py
    --- using frameworks at /System/Library/Frameworks
    building '_imaging' extension
    clang -fno-strict-aliasing -fno-common -dynamic -g -Os -pipe -fno-common -fno-strict-aliasing -fwrapv -mno-fused-madd -DENABLE_DTRACE -DMACOSX -DNDEBUG -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes -Wshorten-64-to-32 -DNDEBUG -g -Os -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes -DENABLE_DTRACE -arch i386 -arch x86_64 -pipe -IlibImaging -I/System/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/include -I/System/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/include/python2.7 -c _imaging.c -o build/temp.macosx-10.8-intel-2.7/_imaging.o
    unable to execute clang: No such file or directory
    error: command 'clang' failed with exit status 1
    Complete output from command /usr/bin/python -c "import setuptools;__file__='/private/tmp/pip_build_root/PIL/setup.py';exec(compile(open(__file__).read().replace('\r\n', '\n'), __file__, 'exec'))" install --record /tmp/pip-AYrxVD-record/install-record.txt --single-version-externally-managed:
    WARNING: '' not a valid package name; please use only.-separated package names in setup.py

running install

running build

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.
.
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copying PIL/XVThumbImagePlugin.py -> build/lib.macosx-10.8-intel-2.7

running build_ext

--- using frameworks at /System/Library/Frameworks

building '_imaging' extension

creating build/temp.macosx-10.8-intel-2.7

creating build/temp.macosx-10.8-intel-2.7/libImaging

clang -fno-strict-aliasing -fno-common -dynamic -g -Os -pipe -fno-common -fno-strict-aliasing -fwrapv -mno-fused-madd -DENABLE_DTRACE -DMACOSX -DNDEBUG -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes -Wshorten-64-to-32 -DNDEBUG -g -Os -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes -DENABLE_DTRACE -arch i386 -arch x86_64 -pipe -IlibImaging -I/System/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/include -I/System/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/include/python2.7 -c _imaging.c -o build/temp.macosx-10.8-intel-2.7/_imaging.o

unable to execute clang: No such file or directory

error: command 'clang' failed with exit status 1

----------------------------------------
Cleaning up…

Could you please help me to install PIL??

The Question Comments :
  • Have you installed Xcode and then installed Xcode’s command line tools? It looks like you don’t have the clang compiler.

The Answer 1

626 people think this answer is useful
  1. Install Xcode and Xcode Command Line Tools as mentioned.
  2. Use Pillow instead, as PIL is basically dead. Pillow is a maintained fork of PIL.

https://pypi.org/project/Pillow/

pip install Pillow

If you have both Pythons installed and want to install this for Python3:

python3 -m pip install Pillow

The Answer 2

61 people think this answer is useful

This works for me:

apt-get install python-dev
apt-get install libjpeg-dev
apt-get install libjpeg8-dev
apt-get install libpng3
apt-get install libfreetype6-dev
ln -s /usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu/libfreetype.so /usr/lib
ln -s /usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu/libjpeg.so /usr/lib
ln -s /usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu/libz.so /usr/lib

pip install PIL  --allow-unverified PIL --allow-all-external

The Answer 3

56 people think this answer is useful

It is very simple using apt install use this command to get it done

sudo apt-get install python-PIL

or

sudo pip install pillow

or

sudo easy_install pillow

The Answer 4

35 people think this answer is useful

On Mac OS X, use this command:

sudo pip install https://effbot.org/media/downloads/Imaging-1.1.7.tar.gz

The Answer 5

34 people think this answer is useful

You should install as described here:

pip install image

The Answer 6

32 people think this answer is useful

Install

pip install Pillow

Then, Just import in your file like,

from PIL import Image

I am using windows. It is working for me.

NOTE:

Pillow is a functional drop-in replacement for the Python Imaging Library. To run your existing PIL-compatible code with Pillow, it needs to be modified to import the Imaging module from the PIL namespace instead of the global namespace.

i.e. change:

import Image

to:

from PIL import Image

https://pypi.org/project/Pillow/2.2.1/

The Answer 7

26 people think this answer is useful

I got the answer from a discussion here:

I tried

pip install --no-index -f http://dist.plone.org/thirdparty/ -U PIL

and it worked.

The Answer 8

12 people think this answer is useful

I take it you’re on Mac. See How can I install PIL on mac os x 10.7.2 Lion

If you use [homebrew][], you can install the PIL with just brew install pil. You may then need to add the install directory ($(brew --prefix)/lib/python2.7/site-packages) to your PYTHONPATH, or add the location of PIL directory itself in a file called PIL.pth file in any of your site-packages directories, with the contents:

/usr/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/PIL

(assuming brew --prefix is /usr/local).

Alternatively, you can just download/build/install it from source:

# download
curl -O -L http://effbot.org/media/downloads/Imaging-1.1.7.tar.gz
# extract
tar -xzf Imaging-1.1.7.tar.gz
cd Imaging-1.1.7
# build and install
python setup.py build
sudo python setup.py install
# or install it for just you without requiring admin permissions:
# python setup.py install --user

I ran the above just now (on OSX 10.7.2, with XCode 4.2.1 and System Python 2.7.1) and it built just fine, though there is a possibility that something in my environment is non-default.

[homebrew]: http://mxcl.github.com/homebrew/ “Homebrew”

The Answer 9

11 people think this answer is useful

These days, everyone uses Pillow, a friendly PIL fork, over PIL.

Instead of: sudo pip install pil

Do: sudo pip install pillow

$ sudo apt-get install python-imaging
$ sudo -H pip install pillow

The Answer 10

11 people think this answer is useful

For Ubuntu, PIL is not working any more. I always get:

No matching distribution found for PIL

So install python-imaging:

sudo apt-get install python-imaging

The Answer 11

6 people think this answer is useful

I’m having the same problem, but it gets solved with installation of python-dev.

Before installing PIL, run following command:

sudo apt-get install python-dev

Then install PIL:

pip install PIL

The Answer 12

5 people think this answer is useful

I had some errors during installation. Just in case somebody has this too. Despite that I already was sitting under admin user, but not root.

File "/System/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/lib/python2.7/os.py", line 157, in makedirs
    mkdir(name, mode)
OSError: [Errno 13] Permission denied: '/Library/Python/2.7/site-packages/PIL'

Storing debug log for failure in /Users/wzbozon/Library/Logs/pip.log

Adding “sudo” solved the problem, with sudo it worked:

~/Documents/mv-server: $ sudo pip install Pillow

The Answer 13

5 people think this answer is useful

For CentOS:

yum install python-imaging

The Answer 14

5 people think this answer is useful

I tried all the answers, but failed. Directly get the source from the official site and then build install success.

  1. Go to the site http://www.pythonware.com/products/pil/#pil117
  2. Click “Python Imaging Library 1.1.7 Source Kit” to download the source
  3. tar xf Imaging-1.1.7.tar.gz
  4. cd Imaging-1.1.7
  5. sudo python setup.py install

The Answer 15

3 people think this answer is useful

I nailed it by using sudo port install py27-Pillow

The Answer 16

3 people think this answer is useful

Try this:

sudo pip install PIL --allow-external PIL --allow-unverified PIL

The Answer 17

3 people think this answer is useful

(Window) If Pilow not work try download pil at http://www.pythonware.com/products/pil/

The Answer 18

3 people think this answer is useful
  • First you should run this sudo apt-get build-dep python-imaging which will give you all the dependencies that you might need

  • Then run sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get -y upgrade

  • Followed by sudo apt-get install python-pip

  • And then finally install Pil pip install pillow

The Answer 19

2 people think this answer is useful

Search on package manager before using pip. On Arch linux you can get PIL by pacman -S python2-pillow

The Answer 20

1 people think this answer is useful

You can install PIL using apt install:

For Python 3 use:

sudo apt install python3-pil

For Python 2 use:

sudo apt install python-pil

Where pil should be lowercase as Clarkey252 points out

The Answer 21

0 people think this answer is useful

There’s another Python package tool called conda. Conda is preferred (I believe) over pip when there are libraries that need to install C++ and other bindings that aren’t pure Python. Conda includes pip in its installation as well so you can still use pip, but you also get the benefits of conda.

Conda also installs IPython, pil, and many other libraries by default. I think you’ll like it.

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