python – setup script exited with error: command ‘x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc’ failed with exit status 1

The Question :

369 people think this question is useful

When I try to install odoo-server, I got the following error:

error: Setup script exited with error: command 'x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc' failed with exit status 1

Could anyone help me to solve this issue?

The Question Comments :
  • Sometimes it’s the line above this error you should look at. It should tell you what package is missing.
  • For me it was a combination of needing python dev – “sudo apt install python3-dev” – and build-essential – “sudo apt install build-essential”
  • sudo apt-get install libffi-dev works like charm

The Answer 1

363 people think this answer is useful

I encountered the same problem in college having installed Linux Mint for the main project of my final year, the third solution below worked for me.

When encountering this error please note before the error it may say you are missing a package or header file — you should find those and install them and verify if it works (e.g. ssl → libssl).

For Python 2.x use:

$ sudo apt-get install python-dev

For Python 2.7 use:

$ sudo apt-get install libffi-dev

For Python 3.x use:

$ sudo apt-get install python3-dev

or for a specific version of Python 3, replace x with the minor version in

$ sudo apt-get install python3.x-dev

The Answer 2

271 people think this answer is useful

Python.h is nothing but a header file. It is used by gcc to build applications. You need to install a package called python-dev. This package includes header files, a static library and development tools for building Python modules, extending the Python interpreter or embedding Python in applications.

enter:

$ sudo apt-get install python-dev

or

# apt-get install python-dev

see http://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/debian-ubuntu-linux-python-h-file-not-found-error-solution/

The Answer 3

184 people think this answer is useful

Try installing these packages.

sudo apt-get install build-essential autoconf libtool pkg-config python-opengl python-pil python-pyrex python-pyside.qtopengl idle-python2.7 qt4-dev-tools qt4-designer libqtgui4 libqtcore4 libqt4-xml libqt4-test libqt4-script libqt4-network libqt4-dbus python-qt4 python-qt4-gl libgle3 python-dev libssl-dev

sudo easy_install greenlet

sudo easy_install gevent

The Answer 4

115 people think this answer is useful

You need to install these packages:

sudo apt-get install libpq-dev python-dev libxml2-dev libxslt1-dev libldap2-dev libsasl2-dev libffi-dev

The Answer 5

68 people think this answer is useful
$ sudo apt-get install gcc
$ sudo apt-get install python-dateutil python-docutils python-feedparser python-gdata python-jinja2 python-ldap python-libxslt1 python-lxml python-mako python-mock python-openid python-psycopg2 python-psutil python-pybabel python-pychart python-pydot python-pyparsing python-reportlab python-simplejson python-tz python-unittest2 python-vatnumber python-vobject python-webdav python-werkzeug python-xlwt python-yaml python-zsi

OR TRY THIS:

$ sudo apt-get install libxml2-dev libxslt1-dev

The Answer 6

68 people think this answer is useful

For Python 3.4 use:

sudo apt-get install python3.4-dev

For Python 3.5 use:

sudo apt-get install python3.5-dev

For Python 3.6 use:

sudo apt-get install python3.6-dev

For Python 3.7 use:

sudo apt-get install python3.7-dev

For Python 3.8 use:

sudo apt-get install python3.8-dev

… and so on …

The Answer 7

38 people think this answer is useful

For me none of above worked. However, I solved problem with installing libssl-dev.

sudo apt-get install libssl-dev

This might work if you have same error message as in my case:

fatal error: openssl/opensslv.h: No such file or directory … …. command ‘x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc’ failed with exit status 1

The Answer 8

34 people think this answer is useful

In my case, it was missing package libffi-dev.

What worked:

sudo apt-get install libffi-dev

The Answer 9

14 people think this answer is useful

on ubuntu 14.04:

sudo apt-file search ffi.h 

returned:

chipmunk-dev: /usr/include/chipmunk/chipmunk_ffi.h
ghc-doc: /usr/share/doc/ghc-doc/html/users_guide/ffi.html
jython-doc: /usr/share/doc/jython-doc/html/javadoc/org/python/modules/jffi/jffi.html
libffi-dev: /usr/include/x86_64-linux-gnu/ffi.h
libffi-dev: /usr/share/doc/libffi6/html/Using-libffi.html
libgirepository1.0-dev: /usr/include/gobject-introspection-1.0/girffi.h
libgirepository1.0-doc: /usr/share/gtk-doc/html/gi/gi-girffi.html
mlton-basis: /usr/lib/mlton/include/basis-ffi.h
pypy-doc: /usr/share/doc/pypy-doc/html/config/objspace.usemodules._ffi.html
pypy-doc: /usr/share/doc/pypy-doc/html/config/objspace.usemodules._rawffi.html
pypy-doc: /usr/share/doc/pypy-doc/html/rffi.html

I chose to install libffi-dev

sudo apt-get install libffi-dev

worked perfectly

The Answer 10

12 people think this answer is useful

In my case pip was unable to install libraries, I tried solutions given above, but none worked but the below worked for me:

sudo apt upgrade gcc

The Answer 11

7 people think this answer is useful

Despite being an old question, I’ll add my opinion.

I think the right answer depends on the error message of the gcc compiler, something like “Missing xxxx.h”

This might help in some cases:

sudo apt-get install build-essential python-dev

The Answer 12

6 people think this answer is useful

This was enough for me:

sudo apt-get install build-essential

The Answer 13

5 people think this answer is useful

below answer worked for me, you can try:

sudo apt-get install python3-lxml

The Answer 14

5 people think this answer is useful

Error : error: command ‘x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc’ failed with exit status 1

Executing sudo apt-get install python-dev solved the error.

The Answer 15

4 people think this answer is useful

Using Ubuntu 14.04 LTS with a virtualenv running python 3.5, I had to do:

sudo apt-get install python3.5-dev

The other commands:

sudo apt-get install python-dev
sudo apt-get install python3-dev

Did not help. I think this is because the virtualenv needs to rely on the system-wide python-dev package and it must match the virtualenv‘s python version. However, using the above commands installs python-dev for python 2.x and the python 3.x that comes with Ubuntu 14.04 which is 3.4, not 3.5.

The Answer 16

4 people think this answer is useful

This works for me, 12.04, python2.7.6

sudo apt-get install libxml2 libxml2-dev libxslt1-dev
sudo apt-get install lxml

The Answer 17

3 people think this answer is useful

After upgrade my computer with pip today, and check the other answers here, I can tell you that it could be ANYTHING. You should check error by error, looking for what’s the specific library that you need. In my case, these were the libraries that I had to install:

$ sudo apt-get install libssl-dev
$ sudo apt-get install libffi-dev
$ sudo apt-get install libjpeg-dev
$ sudo apt-get install libvirt-dev
$ sudo apt-get install libsqlite3-dev
$ sudo apt-get install libcurl4-openssl-dev
$ sudo apt-get install libxml2-dev libxslt1-dev python-dev

HTH

The Answer 18

3 people think this answer is useful

Tip: Please do not consider this as an answer. Just to help someone else too.

I had similar issue while installing psycopg2. I installedbuild-essential, python-dev and also libpq-dev but it thrown same error.

error: Setup script exited with error: command 'x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc' failed with exit status 1

As I was in hurry in deployment so finally just copied full line from @user3440631’s answer.

sudo apt-get install build-essential autoconf libtool pkg-config python-opengl python-imaging python-pyrex python-pyside.qtopengl idle-python2.7 qt4-dev-tools qt4-designer libqtgui4 libqtcore4 libqt4-xml libqt4-test libqt4-script libqt4-network libqt4-dbus python-qt4 python-qt4-gl libgle3 python-dev

And It worked like a charm. but could not find which package has resolved my issue. Please update the comment if anyone have idea about psycopg2 dependancy package from above command.

The Answer 19

3 people think this answer is useful
error: command 'x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc' failed with exit status 1

Lot of time I got the same error when installing M2Crypto & pygraphviz and installed all the things mention in the approved answer. But this below line solved all my problems with the other packages in approved answer too.

sudo apt-get install libssl-dev swig
sudo apt-get install -y graphviz-dev

This swig package saved my life as the solution for M2Crypto and graphviz-dev for pygraphviz. I hope this will help someone.

The Answer 20

3 people think this answer is useful

In Linux Mint with python3

$ sudo apt install build-essential python3-dev

should be enough

The Answer 21

2 people think this answer is useful

For me I had to make sure I was using the correct version of cryptography. pip.freeze had and older version and once I used the latest the problem when away.

The Answer 22

2 people think this answer is useful

first you need to find out what the actual problem was. what you’re seeing is that the C compiler failed but you don’t yet know why. scroll up to where you get the original error. in my case, trying to install some packages using pip3, I found:

    Complete output from command /usr/bin/python3 -c "import setuptools, tokenize;__file__='/tmp/pip-build-4u59c_8b/cryptography/setup.py';exec(compile(getattr(tokenize, 'open', open)(__file__).read().replace('\r\n', '\n'), __file__, 'exec'))" install --record /tmp/pip-itjeh3va-record/install-record.txt --single-version-externally-managed --compile --user:
    c/_cffi_backend.c:15:17: fatal error: ffi.h: No such file or directory

 #include <ffi.h>

                 ^

compilation terminated.

so in my case I needed to install libffi-dev.

The Answer 23

2 people think this answer is useful
sudo apt-get install build-essential autoconf libtool pkg-config python-opengl python-imaging python-pyrex python-pyside.qtopengl idle-python2.7 qt4-dev-tools qt4-designer libqtgui4 libqtcore4 libqt4-xml libqt4-test libqt4-script libqt4-network libqt4-dbus python-qt4 python-qt4-gl libgle3 python-dev

sudo easy_install greenlet

sudo easy_install gevent

The Answer 24

1 people think this answer is useful

None of the above answers worked for me when I had the same issue on my Ubuntu 14.04

However, this solved the error:

sudo apt-get install python-numpy libicu-dev

The Answer 25

1 people think this answer is useful

For me it helped to install libxml2-dev and libxslt1-dev.

sudo apt-get install libxml2-dev

The Answer 26

1 people think this answer is useful

My stack was like that:

> >                            ^
> >     In file included from /usr/include/openssl/ssl.h:156:0,
> >                      from OpenSSL/crypto/x509.h:17,
> >                      from OpenSSL/crypto/crypto.h:17,
> >                      from OpenSSL/crypto/crl.c:3:
> >     /usr/include/openssl/x509.h:751:15: note: previous declaration of ‘X509_REVOKED_dup’ was here
> >      X509_REVOKED *X509_REVOKED_dup(X509_REVOKED *rev);
> >                    ^
> >     error: command 'x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc' failed with exit status 1
> >     
> >     ----------------------------------------   Rolling back uninstall of > pyOpenSSL Command "/home/marta/env/pb/bin/python -u -c
> "import setuptools,
> > tokenize;__file__='/tmp/pip-build-14ekWY/pyOpenSSL/setup.py';f=getattr(tokenize, 'open', open)(__file__);code=f.read().replace('\r\n',
> > '\n');f.close();exec(compile(code, __file__, 'exec'))" install
> > --record /tmp/pip-2HERvW-record/install-record.txt --single-version-externally-managed --compile --install-headers /home/marta/env/pb/include/site/python2.7/pyOpenSSL" failed with error
> > code 1 in /tmp/pip-build-14ekWY/pyOpenSSL/

in the same case, please consider the typo (bug) in one of the installation files and edit it manually by changing “X509_REVOKED_dup” to “X509_REVOKED_dupe” (no quotes). I have edited the x509.h file:

sed -e’s/X509_REVOKED_dup/X509_REVOKED_dupe/g’ -i usr/include/openssl/x509.h

and it worked for me, but please consult with the post linked below, as they edited another file:

sed -e’s/X509_REVOKED_dup/X509_REVOKED_dupe/g’ -i OpenSSL/crypto/crl.c

https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/kivy-users/Qt0jNIOACZc

The Answer 27

1 people think this answer is useful

For Centos 7 Use below command to install Python Development Package

Python 2.7

sudo yum install python-dev

Python 3.4

sudo yum install python34-devel

Still if your problem not solved then try installing below packages –

sudo yum install libffi-devel

sudo yum install openssl-devel

The Answer 28

1 people think this answer is useful

In my case the command sudo apt-get install unixodbc-dev resolved the issue. I was getting an error specific to the sql.h header file.

The Answer 29

1 people think this answer is useful

in my case following command did the magic

sudo apt-get install gcc python3-dev

The Answer 30

0 people think this answer is useful

Like Robin Winslow says in a comment :

I found my solution over here: stackoverflow.com/a/5178444/613540

In my case, my complete error message was :

/usr/bin/ld: cannot find -lz 
collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status
error: Setup script exited with error: command 'x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc' failed with exit status 1

I was trying to install torrench :

sudo python3 setup.py install

With given stackoverflow link, I solve this issue by :

sudo apt install zlib1g-dev

Note that the following packages were already installed :

libxslt1-dev is already the newest version.
python3-dev is already the newest version.
libxml2-dev is already the newest version.

Hope that will help !

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