Why is python setup.py saying invalid command ‘bdist_wheel’ on Travis CI?

The Question :

489 people think this question is useful

My Python package has a setup.py which builds fine locally on Ubuntu Trusty and on a fresh Vagrant Ubuntu Trusty VM when I provision it like this:

sudo apt-get install python python-dev --force-yes --assume-yes --fix-broken
curl --silent --show-error --retry 5 https://bootstrap.pypa.io/get-pip.py | sudo python2.7
sudo -H pip install setuptools wheel virtualenv --upgrade

But when I do the same on a Travis CI Trusty Beta VM:

- sudo apt-get install python python-dev --force-yes --assume-yes --fix-broken
- curl --silent --show-error --retry 5 https://bootstrap.pypa.io/get-pip.py | sudo python2.7
- sudo -H pip install setuptools wheel virtualenv --upgrade

I get:

python2.7 setup.py bdist_wheel
usage: setup.py [global_opts] cmd1 [cmd1_opts] [cmd2 [cmd2_opts] ...]
   or: setup.py --help [cmd1 cmd2 ...]
   or: setup.py --help-commands
   or: setup.py cmd --help
error: invalid command 'bdist_wheel'

This Why can I not create a wheel in python? is related but note I am installing wheel and upgrading setuptools.

The Question Comments :

The Answer 1

739 people think this answer is useful

Had to install the wheel package. Everything was up to date but still giving the error.

pip install wheel

then

python setup.py bdist_wheel 

Worked without issues.

The Answer 2

158 people think this answer is useful

Jan 2020

2 hours wasted.

On a AWS Ubuntu 18.04 new machine, below installations are required:

sudo apt-get install gcc libpq-dev -y
sudo apt-get install python-dev  python-pip -y
sudo apt-get install python3-dev python3-pip python3-venv python3-wheel -y
pip3 install wheel

Especially the last line is must.
However before 3 lines might be required as prerequisites.

Hope that helps.

The Answer 3

98 people think this answer is useful
pip install wheel

worked for me, but you can also add this

setup(
    ...
    setup_requires=['wheel']
)

to setup.py and save yourself a pip install command

The Answer 4

54 people think this answer is useful

This problem is due to:

  • an old version of pip (6.1.1) being installed for Python 2.7
  • multiple copies of Python 2.7 installed on the Trusty Beta image
  • a different location for Python 2.7 being used for sudo

It’s all a bit complicated and better explained here https://github.com/travis-ci/travis-ci/issues/4989.

My solution was to install with user travis instead of sudo:

- pip2.7 install --upgrade --user travis pip setuptools wheel virtualenv

The Answer 5

54 people think this answer is useful

If you already have all the required modules installed you probably need to import the setuptools module in your setup.py file. So just add the following line at the leading of setup.py file.

import setuptools
from distutils.core import setup
# other imports and setups

This is also mentioned in wheel’s documentation. https://wheel.readthedocs.io/en/stable/#usage

The Answer 6

34 people think this answer is useful

This error is weird as many proposed answers and got mixed solutions. I tried them, add them. It was only when I added pip install --upgrade pip finally removed the error for me. But I have no time to isolate which is which,so this is just fyi.

The Answer 7

32 people think this answer is useful

in my case, the version of wheel/pip/setuptools created by venv is too old. this works:

venv/bin/pip  install --upgrade pip wheel setuptools

The Answer 8

15 people think this answer is useful

I already had wheel installed so I tried to uninstall and reinstall, and it fixed the issue:

pip uninstall wheel
pip install wheel

Weird…

The Answer 9

11 people think this answer is useful

In your setup.py, if you have:

from distutils.core import setup

Then, change it to

from setuptools import setup

Then re-create your virtualenv and re-run the command, and it should work.

The Answer 10

10 people think this answer is useful

My fix was apt install python3-dev

The Answer 11

8 people think this answer is useful

I did apt-get install python3-dev in my Ubuntu and added setup_requires=["wheel"] in setup.py

The Answer 12

6 people think this answer is useful

Try modifying the setup.py file by importing setup from setuptools instead of distutils.core

The Answer 13

4 people think this answer is useful

If you’re using setup.cfg files, add this before the install_require part:

setup_requires =
    wheel


Example of setup.cfg project :

# setup.py
from setuptools import setup

setup()

# setup.cfg
[metadata]
name = name
version = 0.0.1
description = desc
long_description = file: README.md
long_description_content_type = text/markdown
url = url
author = author
classifiers =
    Programming Language :: Python
    Programming Language :: Python :: 3

[options]
include_package_data = true
packages = find:
setup_requires =
    wheel
install_requires =
    packages
    packages
    packages

The Answer 14

3 people think this answer is useful

It helped me to follow instructions in here:

https://packaging.python.org/guides/installing-using-linux-tools/

Debian/Ubuntu

Python 2:

sudo apt install python-pip

Python 3:

sudo apt install python3-venv python3-pip

The Answer 15

1 people think this answer is useful

Using Ubuntu 18.04 this problem can be resolved by installing the python3-wheelpackage.

Usually this is installed as a dependency on any Python package. But especially when building container images you often work with --no-install-recommends and therefore it is often missing and has to be installed manually first.

The Answer 16

0 people think this answer is useful

Not related to Travis CI but I ran into similar problem trying to install jupyter on my Mac OSX 10.8.5, and none of the other answers was of help. The problem was caused by building the “wheel” for the package called pyzmq, with error messages filling hundreds of pages.

The solution I found was to directly install an older version of that package:

python -m pip install pyzmq==17 --user

After that, the installation of jupyter succeded without errors.

The Answer 17

0 people think this answer is useful

If none of the above works for you, perhaps you are experiencing the same problem that I did. I was only seeing this error when attempting to install pyspark. The solution is explained in this other stackoverflow question unable to install pyspark.

I post this b/c it wasn’t immediately obvious to me from the error message that my issue was stemming solely from pyspark‘s dependency on pypandoc and I’m hoping to save others from hours of head scratching! =)

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