# python – How to count the NaN values in a column in pandas DataFrame

## The Question :

544 people think this question is useful

I want to find the number of NaN in each column of my data so that I can drop a column if it has fewer NaN than some threshold. I looked but wasn’t able to find any function for this. value_counts is too slow for me because most of the values are distinct and I’m only interested in the NaN count.

• I was searching for “How to count the NaN values in a column“, but actually the answers are for “I want to find the number of NaN in each column of my data“. Fortunately one of the comments actually provides the answer. Typical “body doesn’t match title, and therefore answers don’t match title”.

829 people think this answer is useful

You can use the isna() method (or it’s alias isnull() which is also compatible with older pandas versions < 0.21.0) and then sum to count the NaN values. For one column:

In [1]: s = pd.Series([1,2,3, np.nan, np.nan])

In [4]: s.isna().sum()   # or s.isnull().sum() for older pandas versions
Out[4]: 2



For several columns, it also works:

In [5]: df = pd.DataFrame({'a':[1,2,np.nan], 'b':[np.nan,1,np.nan]})

In [6]: df.isna().sum()
Out[6]:
a    1
b    2
dtype: int64



113 people think this answer is useful

You could subtract the total length from the count of non-nan values:

count_nan = len(df) - df.count()



You should time it on your data. For small Series got a 3x speed up in comparison with the isnull solution.

110 people think this answer is useful

Lets assume df is a pandas DataFrame.

Then,

df.isnull().sum(axis = 0)



This will give number of NaN values in every column.

If you need, NaN values in every row,

df.isnull().sum(axis = 1)



53 people think this answer is useful

Based on the most voted answer we can easily define a function that gives us a dataframe to preview the missing values and the % of missing values in each column:

def missing_values_table(df):
mis_val = df.isnull().sum()
mis_val_percent = 100 * df.isnull().sum() / len(df)
mis_val_table = pd.concat([mis_val, mis_val_percent], axis=1)
mis_val_table_ren_columns = mis_val_table.rename(
columns = {0 : 'Missing Values', 1 : '% of Total Values'})
mis_val_table_ren_columns = mis_val_table_ren_columns[
mis_val_table_ren_columns.iloc[:,1] != 0].sort_values(
'% of Total Values', ascending=False).round(1)
print ("Your selected dataframe has " + str(df.shape[1]) + " columns.\n"
"There are " + str(mis_val_table_ren_columns.shape[0]) +
" columns that have missing values.")
return mis_val_table_ren_columns



37 people think this answer is useful

Since pandas 0.14.1 my suggestion here to have a keyword argument in the value_counts method has been implemented:

import pandas as pd
df = pd.DataFrame({'a':[1,2,np.nan], 'b':[np.nan,1,np.nan]})
for col in df:
print df[col].value_counts(dropna=False)

2     1
1     1
NaN    1
dtype: int64
NaN    2
1     1
dtype: int64



23 people think this answer is useful

The below will print all the Nan columns in descending order.

df.isnull().sum().sort_values(ascending = False)



or

The below will print first 15 Nan columns in descending order.

df.isnull().sum().sort_values(ascending = False).head(15)



22 people think this answer is useful

if its just counting nan values in a pandas column here is a quick way

import pandas as pd
## df1 as an example data frame
## col1 name of column for which you want to calculate the nan values
sum(pd.isnull(df1['col1']))



18 people think this answer is useful

if you are using Jupyter Notebook, How about….

 %%timeit
df.isnull().any().any()



or

 %timeit
df.isnull().values.sum()



or, are there anywhere NaNs in the data, if yes, where?

 df.isnull().any()



15 people think this answer is useful
import numpy as np
import pandas as pd

raw_data = {'first_name': ['Jason', np.nan, 'Tina', 'Jake', 'Amy'],
'last_name': ['Miller', np.nan, np.nan, 'Milner', 'Cooze'],
'age': [22, np.nan, 23, 24, 25],
'sex': ['m', np.nan, 'f', 'm', 'f'],
'Test1_Score': [4, np.nan, 0, 0, 0],
'Test2_Score': [25, np.nan, np.nan, 0, 0]}
results = pd.DataFrame(raw_data, columns = ['first_name', 'last_name', 'age', 'sex', 'Test1_Score', 'Test2_Score'])



results
'''
first_name last_name   age  sex  Test1_Score  Test2_Score
0      Jason    Miller  22.0    m          4.0         25.0
1        NaN       NaN   NaN  NaN          NaN          NaN
2       Tina       NaN  23.0    f          0.0          NaN
3       Jake    Milner  24.0    m          0.0          0.0
4        Amy     Cooze  25.0    f          0.0          0.0
'''



You can use following function, which will give you output in Dataframe

• Zero Values
• Missing Values
• % of Total Values
• Total Zero Missing Values
• % Total Zero Missing Values
• Data Type

Just copy and paste following function and call it by passing your pandas Dataframe

def missing_zero_values_table(df):
zero_val = (df == 0.00).astype(int).sum(axis=0)
mis_val = df.isnull().sum()
mis_val_percent = 100 * df.isnull().sum() / len(df)
mz_table = pd.concat([zero_val, mis_val, mis_val_percent], axis=1)
mz_table = mz_table.rename(
columns = {0 : 'Zero Values', 1 : 'Missing Values', 2 : '% of Total Values'})
mz_table['Total Zero Missing Values'] = mz_table['Zero Values'] + mz_table['Missing Values']
mz_table['% Total Zero Missing Values'] = 100 * mz_table['Total Zero Missing Values'] / len(df)
mz_table['Data Type'] = df.dtypes
mz_table = mz_table[
mz_table.iloc[:,1] != 0].sort_values(
'% of Total Values', ascending=False).round(1)
print ("Your selected dataframe has " + str(df.shape[1]) + " columns and " + str(df.shape[0]) + " Rows.\n"
"There are " + str(mz_table.shape[0]) +
" columns that have missing values.")
#         mz_table.to_excel('D:/sampledata/missing_and_zero_values.xlsx', freeze_panes=(1,0), index = False)
return mz_table

missing_zero_values_table(results)



Output

Your selected dataframe has 6 columns and 5 Rows.
There are 6 columns that have missing values.

Zero Values  Missing Values  % of Total Values  Total Zero Missing Values  % Total Zero Missing Values Data Type
last_name              0               2               40.0                          2                         40.0    object
Test2_Score            2               2               40.0                          4                         80.0   float64
first_name             0               1               20.0                          1                         20.0    object
age                    0               1               20.0                          1                         20.0   float64
sex                    0               1               20.0                          1                         20.0    object
Test1_Score            3               1               20.0                          4                         80.0   float64



If you want to keep it simple then you can use following function to get missing values in %

def missing(dff):
print (round((dff.isnull().sum() * 100/ len(dff)),2).sort_values(ascending=False))

missing(results)
'''
Test2_Score    40.0
last_name      40.0
Test1_Score    20.0
sex            20.0
age            20.0
first_name     20.0
dtype: float64
'''



15 people think this answer is useful

Please use below for particular column count

dataframe.columnName.isnull().sum()



13 people think this answer is useful

To count zeroes:

df[df == 0].count(axis=0)



To count NaN:

df.isnull().sum()



or

df.isna().sum()



10 people think this answer is useful

Hope this helps,

import pandas as pd
import numpy as np
df = pd.DataFrame({'a':[1,2,np.nan], 'b':[np.nan,1,np.nan],'c':[np.nan,2,np.nan], 'd':[np.nan,np.nan,np.nan]})



df.isnull().sum()/len(df) * 100



Thres = 40
(df.isnull().sum()/len(df) * 100 ) < Thres



9 people think this answer is useful

You can use value_counts method and print values of np.nan

s.value_counts(dropna = False)[np.nan]



9 people think this answer is useful

df.isnull().sum() will give the column-wise sum of missing values.

If you want to know the sum of missing values in a particular column then following code will work: df.column.isnull().sum()

4 people think this answer is useful

One other simple option not suggested yet, to just count NaNs, would be adding in the shape to return the number of rows with NaN.

df[df['col_name'].isnull()]['col_name'].shape



3 people think this answer is useful
df1.isnull().sum()



This will do the trick.

3 people think this answer is useful

Here is the code for counting Null values column wise :

df.isna().sum()



3 people think this answer is useful

There is a nice Dzone article from July 2017 which details various ways of summarising NaN values. Check it out here.

The article I have cited provides additional value by: (1) Showing a way to count and display NaN counts for every column so that one can easily decide whether or not to discard those columns and (2) Demonstrating a way to select those rows in specific which have NaNs so that they may be selectively discarded or imputed.

Here’s a quick example to demonstrate the utility of the approach – with only a few columns perhaps its usefulness is not obvious but I found it to be of help for larger data-frames.

import pandas as pd
import numpy as np

# example DataFrame
df = pd.DataFrame({'a':[1,2,np.nan], 'b':[np.nan,1,np.nan]})

# Check whether there are null values in columns
null_columns = df.columns[df.isnull().any()]
print(df[null_columns].isnull().sum())

# One can follow along further per the cited article



2 people think this answer is useful

For the 1st part count NaN we have multiple way.

Method 1 count , due to the count will ignore the NaN which is different from size

print(len(df) - df.count())



Method 2 isnull / isna chain with sum

print(df.isnull().sum())
#print(df.isna().sum())



Method 3 describe / info : notice this will output the ‘notnull’ value count

print(df.describe())
#print(df.info())



Method from numpy

print(np.count_nonzero(np.isnan(df.values),axis=0))



For the 2nd part of the question, If we would like drop the column by the thresh,we can try with dropna

thresh, optional Require that many non-NA values.

Thresh = n # no null value require, you can also get the by int(x% * len(df))
df = df.dropna(thresh = Thresh, axis = 1)



1 people think this answer is useful

based to the answer that was given and some improvements this is my approach

def PercentageMissin(Dataset):
"""this function will return the percentage of missing values in a dataset """
if isinstance(Dataset,pd.DataFrame):
adict={} #a dictionary conatin keys columns names and values percentage of missin value in the columns
for col in Dataset.columns:
else:
raise TypeError("can only be used with panda dataframe")



1 people think this answer is useful

In case you need to get the non-NA (non-None) and NA (None) counts across different groups pulled out by groupby:

gdf = df.groupby(['ColumnToGroupBy'])

def countna(x):
return (x.isna()).sum()

gdf.agg(['count', countna, 'size'])



This returns the counts of non-NA, NA and total number of entries per group.

0 people think this answer is useful

Used the solution proposed by @sushmit in my code.

A possible variation of the same can also be

colNullCnt = []
for z in range(len(df1.cols)):
colNullCnt.append([df1.cols[z], sum(pd.isnull(trainPd[df1.cols[z]]))])



Advantage of this is that it returns the result for each of the columns in the df henceforth.

0 people think this answer is useful
import pandas as pd
import numpy as np

# example DataFrame
df = pd.DataFrame({'a':[1,2,np.nan], 'b':[np.nan,1,np.nan]})

# count the NaNs in a column
num_nan_a = df.loc[ (pd.isna(df['a'])) , 'a' ].shape[0]
num_nan_b = df.loc[ (pd.isna(df['b'])) , 'b' ].shape[0]

# summarize the num_nan_b
print(df)
print(' ')
print(f"There are {num_nan_a} NaNs in column a")
print(f"There are {num_nan_b} NaNs in column b")



Gives as output:

     a    b
0  1.0  NaN
1  2.0  1.0
2  NaN  NaN

There are 1 NaNs in column a
There are 2 NaNs in column b



0 people think this answer is useful

Suppose you want to get the number of missing values(NaN) in a column(series) known as price in a dataframe called reviews

#import the dataframe
import pandas as pd



To get the missing values, with n_missing_prices as the variable, simple do

n_missing_prices = sum(reviews.price.isnull())
print(n_missing_prices)



sum is the key method here, was trying to use count before i realized sum is the right method to use in this context

0 people think this answer is useful

One solution is finding out null value rows and converting them into dataframe and then checking the length of the new dataframe.-

nan_rows = df[df['column_name'].isnull()]
print(len(nan_rows))



-1 people think this answer is useful

import pandas as pd
import numpy as np

df = pd.DataFrame({'a': [1, 2, 3, 4, np.nan],
'b': [1, 2, np.nan, 4, np.nan],
'c': [np.nan, 2, np.nan, 4, np.nan]})
df = df.dropna(axis='columns', thresh=3)

print(df)



Whith thresh parameter you can declare the max count for NaN values for all columns in DataFrame.

Code outputs:

     a    b
0  1.0  1.0
1  2.0  2.0
2  3.0  NaN
3  4.0  4.0
4  NaN  NaN



pandas.Series.count