How to check if function exists in JavaScript?

The Question :

588 people think this question is useful

My code is

function getID( swfID ){
     if(navigator.appName.indexOf("Microsoft") != -1){
          me = window[swfID];
     }else{
          me = document[swfID];
     }
}

function js_to_as( str ){
     me.onChange(str);
}

However, sometimes my onChange does not load. Firebug errors with

me.onChange is not a function

I want to degrade gracefully because this is not the most important feature in my program. typeof gives the same error.

Any suggestions on how to make sure that it exists and then only execute onChange?

(None of the methods below except try catch one work)

The Question Comments :

The Answer 1

1326 people think this answer is useful

Try something like this:

if (typeof me.onChange !== "undefined") { 
    // safe to use the function
}

or better yet (as per UpTheCreek upvoted comment)

if (typeof me.onChange === "function") { 
    // safe to use the function
}

The Answer 2

114 people think this answer is useful

I had this problem.

if (obj && typeof obj === 'function') { ... }

kept throwing a reference error if obj happened to be undefined.

In the end I did the following:

if (typeof obj !== 'undefined' && typeof obj === 'function') { ... }

A colleague pointed out to me that checking if it’s !== 'undefined' and then === 'function' is redundant of course.

Simpler:

if (typeof obj === 'function') { ... }

Much cleaner and works great.

The Answer 3

18 people think this answer is useful

If you’re using eval to convert a string to function, and you want to check if this eval’d method exists, you’ll want to use typeof and your function string inside an eval:

var functionString = "nonexsitantFunction"
eval("typeof " + functionString) // returns "undefined" or "function"

Don’t reverse this and try a typeof on eval. If you do a ReferenceError will be thrown:

var functionString = "nonexsitantFunction"
typeof(eval(functionString)) // returns ReferenceError: [function] is not defined

The Answer 4

17 people think this answer is useful

Modern Javascript to the rescue!

In 2021, this is solved* at the language level in Javascript (and Typescript too) with the new Optional Chaining syntax

me.onChange?.(str)

It’s as simple as that – onChange only gets called if it exists.

If onChange doesn’t exist, nothing happens, and the expression returns undefined.

So if onChange() would ordinarily return a value, you’d want to check value !== undefined before continuing.

An extra thing to note – if onChange does exist but is not a function, this will throw a TypeError. This is as you would expect, it’s the same behaviour as calling any non-function as a function, just worth pointing out that Optional Chaining doesn’t do any magic to make this go away.

* Optional Chaining is a stage 4 TC39 proposal, so isn’t technically in the ECMAScript spec yet. But, stage 4 means it’s finalised and essentially guaranteed to be included in the next version. You can use Optional Chaining today via Babel or Typescript with confidence it won’t change.

The Answer 5

16 people think this answer is useful

How about:

if('functionName' in Obj){
    //code
}

e.g.

var color1 = new String("green");
"length" in color1 // returns true
"indexOf" in color1 // returns true
"blablabla" in color1 // returns false

or as for your case:

if('onChange' in me){
    //code
}

See MDN docs.

The Answer 6

12 people think this answer is useful

Try typeof — Look for 'undefined' to say it doesn’t exist, 'function' for a function. JSFiddle for this code

function thisishere() {
    return false;
}
alert("thisishere() is a " + typeof thisishere);
alert("thisisnthere() is " + typeof thisisnthere);

Or as an if:

if (typeof thisishere === 'function') {
    // function exists
}

Or with a return value, on a single line:

var exists = (typeof thisishere === 'function') ? "Value if true" : "Value if false";
var exists = (typeof thisishere === 'function') // Returns true or false

The Answer 7

11 people think this answer is useful

Didn’t see this suggested: me.onChange && me.onChange(str);

Basically if me.onChange is undefined (which it will be if it hasn’t been initiated) then it won’t execute the latter part. If me.onChange is a function, it will execute me.onChange(str).

You can even go further and do:

me && me.onChange && me.onChange(str);

in case me is async as well.

The Answer 8

7 people think this answer is useful

For me the easiest way :

function func_exists(fname)
{
  return (typeof window[fname] === 'function');
}

The Answer 9

6 people think this answer is useful
//Simple function that will tell if the function is defined or not
function is_function(func) {
    return typeof window[func] !== 'undefined' && $.isFunction(window[func]);
}

//usage

if (is_function("myFunction") {
        alert("myFunction defined");
    } else {
        alert("myFunction not defined");
    }

The Answer 10

5 people think this answer is useful

I’ll go 1 step further to make sure the property is indeed a function

function js_to_as( str ){
     if (me && me.onChange && typeof me.onChange === 'function') {
         me.onChange(str);
     }
}

The Answer 11

4 people think this answer is useful
function js_to_as( str ){
     if (me && me.onChange)
         me.onChange(str);
}

The Answer 12

4 people think this answer is useful

I like using this method:

function isFunction(functionToCheck) {
  var getType = {};
  return functionToCheck && getType.toString.call(functionToCheck) === '[object Function]';
}

Usage:

if ( isFunction(me.onChange) ) {
    me.onChange(str); // call the function with params
}

The Answer 13

4 people think this answer is useful

The Underscore.js library defines it in the isFunction method as this (which comments suggest may cater for some browser bugs)

typeof obj == 'function' || false

http://underscorejs.org/docs/underscore.html#section-143

The Answer 14

4 people think this answer is useful

If you’re checking for a function that is a jQuery plugin, you need to use $.fn.myfunction

if (typeof $.fn.mask === 'function') {
    $('.zip').mask('00000');
}

The Answer 15

4 people think this answer is useful
function function_exists(function_name)
{
    return eval('typeof ' + function_name) === 'function';
}
alert(function_exists('test'));
alert(function_exists('function_exists'));

OR

function function_exists(func_name) {
  //  discuss at: http://phpjs.org/functions/function_exists/
  // original by: Kevin van Zonneveld (http://kevin.vanzonneveld.net)
  // improved by: Steve Clay
  // improved by: Legaev Andrey
  // improved by: Brett Zamir (http://brett-zamir.me)
  //   example 1: function_exists('isFinite');
  //   returns 1: true

  if (typeof func_name === 'string') {
    func_name = this.window[func_name];
  }
  return typeof func_name === 'function';
}

The Answer 16

4 people think this answer is useful

Put double exclamation mark i.e !! before the function name that you want to check. If it exists, it will return true.

function abc(){
}
!!window.abc; // return true
!!window.abcd; // return false

The Answer 17

3 people think this answer is useful

With no conditions

me.onChange=function(){};

function getID( swfID ){
     if(navigator.appName.indexOf("Microsoft") != -1){
          me = window[swfID];
     }else{
          me = document[swfID];
     }
}

function js_to_as( str ){
     me.onChange(str);
}

The Answer 18

3 people think this answer is useful

I would suspect that me is not getting correctly assigned onload.

Moving the get_ID call into the onclick event should take care of it.

Obviously you can further trap as previously mentioned:

function js_to_as( str) {
  var me = get_ID('jsExample');
  if (me && me.onChange) {
    me.onChange(str);
  }
}

The Answer 19

3 people think this answer is useful

I always check like this:

if(!myFunction){return false;}

just place it before any code that uses this function

The Answer 20

3 people think this answer is useful

I had the case where the name of the function varied according to a variable (var ‘x’ in this case) added to the functions name. This works:

if ( typeof window['afunction_'+x] === 'function' ) { window['afunction_'+x](); } 

The Answer 21

3 people think this answer is useful

This simple jQuery code should do the trick:

if (jQuery.isFunction(functionName)) {
    functionName();
}

The Answer 22

3 people think this answer is useful

I have tried the accepted answer; however:

console.log(typeof me.onChange);

returns ‘undefined’. I’ve noticed that the specification states an event called ‘onchange’ instead of ‘onChange’ (notice the camelCase).

Changing the original accepted answer to the following worked for me:

if (typeof me.onchange === "function") { 
  // safe to use the function
}

The Answer 23

3 people think this answer is useful

I have also been looking for an elegant solution to this problem. After much reflection, I found this approach best.

const func = me.onChange || (str => {}); func(str);

The Answer 24

3 people think this answer is useful

In a few words: catch the exception.

I am really surprised nobody answered or commented about Exception Catch on this post yet.

Detail: Here goes an example where I try to match a function which is prefixed by mask_ and suffixed by the form field “name”. When JavaScript does not find the function, it should throw an ReferenceError which you can handle as you wish on the catch section.

function inputMask(input) {
  try {
    let maskedInput = eval("mask_"+input.name);

    if(typeof maskedInput === "undefined")
        return input.value;
    else
        return eval("mask_"+input.name)(input);

  } catch(e) {
    if (e instanceof ReferenceError) {
      return input.value;
    }
  }
}

The Answer 25

2 people think this answer is useful

Here is a working and simple solution for checking existence of a function and triggering that function dynamically by another function;

Trigger function

function runDynamicFunction(functionname){ 

    if (typeof window[functionname] == "function") { //check availability

        window[functionname]("this is from the function it"); // run function and pass a parameter to it
    }
}

and you can now generate the function dynamically maybe using php like this

function runThis_func(my_Parameter){

    alert(my_Parameter +" triggerd");
}

now you can call the function using dynamically generated event

<?php

$name_frm_somware ="runThis_func";

echo "<input type='button' value='Button' onclick='runDynamicFunction(\"".$name_frm_somware."\");'>";

?>

the exact HTML code you need is

<input type="button" value="Button" onclick="runDynamicFunction('runThis_func');">

The Answer 26

1 people think this answer is useful
    function sum(nb1,nb2){

       return nb1+nb2;
    }

    try{

      if(sum() != undefined){/*test if the function is defined before call it*/

        sum(3,5);               /*once the function is exist you can call it */

      }

    }catch(e){

      console.log("function not defined");/*the function is not defined or does not exists*/
    }

The Answer 27

1 people think this answer is useful

And then there is this…

( document.exitPointerLock || Function )();

The Answer 28

1 people think this answer is useful

Try this one:

Window.function_exists=function(function_name,scope){
//Setting default scope of none is provided
If(typeof scope === 'undefined') scope=window;
//Checking if function name is defined
If (typeof function_name === 'undefined') throw new 
Error('You have to provide an valid function name!');
//The type container
var fn= (typeof scope[function_name]);
//Function type
If(fn === 'function') return true;
//Function object type
if(fn.indexOf('function')!== false) return true; 
return false;
}

Be aware that I’ve write this with my cellphone Might contain some uppercase issues and/or other corrections needed like for example functions name

If you want a function like PHP to check if the var is set:

Window.isset=function (variable_con){
If(typeof variable_con !== 'undefined') return true;
return false;
}

The Answer 29

1 people think this answer is useful

To illustrate the preceding answers, here a quick JSFiddle snippet :

function test () {
console.log()

}

console.log(typeof test) // >> "function"

// implicit test, in javascript if an entity exist it returns implcitly true unless the element value is false as :
// var test = false
if(test){ console.log(true)}
else{console.log(false)}

// test by the typeof method
if( typeof test === "function"){ console.log(true)}
else{console.log(false)}


// confirm that the test is effective : 
// - entity with false value
var test2 = false
if(test2){ console.log(true)}
else{console.log(false)}

// confirm that the test is effective :
// - typeof entity
if( typeof test ==="foo"){ console.log(true)}
else{console.log(false)}

/* Expected :
function
true 
true 
false
false
*/

The Answer 30

0 people think this answer is useful
// just pass your tested function name instead of myFunctionName
if ( $.isFunction($.fn.myFunctionName) ) {
    console.log( 'write your code here.' );
}

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