javascript – How can I convert a comma-separated string to an array?

The Question :

759 people think this question is useful

I have a comma-separated string that I want to convert into an array, so I can loop through it.

Is there anything built-in to do this?

For example, I have this string

var str = "January,February,March,April,May,June,July,August,September,October,November,December";

Now I want to split this by the comma, and then store it in an array.

The Question Comments :
  • Just wanted to comment that this does not require jquery this is part of javascript itself.
  • possible duplicate of How can I parse a CSV string with Javascript?
  • Regarding duplicate: this predates the referenced question by 18 months. If anything, the other is not only a dupe but offers an extremely complicated solution for a very simple problem due to the regex requirement
  • Easy. string.split(',');
  • Not sure why this is marked as “too localized”. String splitting comes up a lot, and is generally applicable to the worldwide audience of the internet (as evidenced by the fact that my answer still somehow gets upvotes regularly). I doubt 4 other people will come along and reopen it, but, still. Weird.

The Answer 1

1279 people think this answer is useful
var array = string.split(',');

MDN reference, mostly helpful for the possibly unexpected behavior of the limit parameter. (Hint: "a,b,c".split(",", 2) comes out to ["a", "b"], not ["a", "b,c"].)

The Answer 2

134 people think this answer is useful

Watch out if you are aiming at integers, like 1,2,3,4,5. If you intend to use the elements of your array as integers and not as strings after splitting the string, consider converting them into such.

var str = "1,2,3,4,5,6";
var temp = new Array();
// This will return an array with strings "1", "2", etc.
temp = str.split(",");

Adding a loop like this,

for (a in temp ) {
    temp[a] = parseInt(temp[a], 10); // Explicitly include base as per Álvaro's comment
}

will return an array containing integers, and not strings.

The Answer 3

36 people think this answer is useful

Hmm, split is dangerous IMHO as a string can always contain a comma. Observe the following:

var myArr = "a,b,c,d,e,f,g,','";
result = myArr.split(',');

So how would you interpret that? And what do you want the result to be? An array with:

['a', 'b', 'c', 'd', 'e', 'f', 'g', '\'', '\''] or
['a', 'b', 'c', 'd', 'e', 'f', 'g', ',']

Even if you escape the comma, you’d have a problem.

I quickly fiddled this together:

(function($) {
    $.extend({
        splitAttrString: function(theStr) {
            var attrs = [];

            var RefString = function(s) {
                this.value = s;
            };
            RefString.prototype.toString = function() {
                return this.value;
            };
            RefString.prototype.charAt = String.prototype.charAt;
            var data = new RefString(theStr);

            var getBlock = function(endChr, restString) {
                var block = '';
                var currChr = '';
                while ((currChr != endChr) && (restString.value !== '')) {
                    if (/'|"/.test(currChr)) {
                        block = $.trim(block) + getBlock(currChr, restString);
                    }
                    else if (/\{/.test(currChr)) {
                        block = $.trim(block) + getBlock('}', restString);
                    }
                    else if (/\[/.test(currChr)) {
                        block = $.trim(block) + getBlock(']', restString);
                    }
                    else {
                        block += currChr;
                    }
                    currChr = restString.charAt(0);
                    restString.value = restString.value.slice(1);
                }
                return $.trim(block);
            };

            do {
                var attr = getBlock(',', data);
                attrs.push(attr);
            }
            while (data.value !== '')
                ;
            return attrs;
        }
    });
})(jQuery);

The Answer 4

29 people think this answer is useful

The split() method is used to split a string into an array of substrings, and returns the new array.

var array = string.split(',');

The Answer 5

17 people think this answer is useful

Note that the following:

var a = "";
var x = new Array();
x = a.split(",");
alert(x.length);

will alert 1

The Answer 6

15 people think this answer is useful

Pass your comma-separated string into this function and it will return an array, and if a comma-separated string is not found then it will return null.

function splitTheString(CommaSepStr) {
    var ResultArray = null;

    // Check if the string is null or so.
    if (CommaSepStr!= null) {

        var SplitChars = ',';

        // Check if the string has comma of not will go to else
        if (CommaSepStr.indexOf(SplitChars) >= 0) {
            ResultArray = CommaSepStr.split(SplitChars);

        }
        else {

            // The string has only one value, and we can also check
            // the length of the string or time and cross-check too.
            ResultArray = [CommaSepStr];
        }
    }
    return ResultArray;
}

The Answer 7

8 people think this answer is useful
let str = "January,February,March,April,May,June,July,August,September,October,November,December"

let arr = str.split(',');

it will result:

["January", "February", "March", "April", "May", "June", "July", "August", "September", "October", "November", "December"]

and if you want to convert following to:

["January", "February", "March", "April", "May", "June", "July", "August", "September", "October", "November", "December"]

this:

"January,February,March,April,May,June,July,August,September,October,November,December";

use:

str = arr.join(',')

The Answer 8

8 people think this answer is useful

Return function

var array = (new Function("return [" + str+ "];")());

Its accept string and objectstrings:

var string = "0,1";

var objectstring = '{Name:"Tshirt", CatGroupName:"Clothes", Gender:"male-female"}, {Name:"Dress", CatGroupName:"Clothes", Gender:"female"}, {Name:"Belt", CatGroupName:"Leather", Gender:"child"}';

var stringArray = (new Function("return [" + string+ "];")());

var objectStringArray = (new Function("return [" + objectstring+ "];")());

JSFiddle https://jsfiddle.net/7ne9L4Lj/1/

The Answer 9

8 people think this answer is useful

Here is a function that will convert a string to an array, even if there is only one item in the list (no separator character):

function listToAray(fullString, separator) {
  var fullArray = [];

  if (fullString !== undefined) {
    if (fullString.indexOf(separator) == -1) {
      fullAray.push(fullString);
    } else {
      fullArray = fullString.split(separator);
    }
  }

  return fullArray;
}

Use it like this:

var myString = 'alpha,bravo,charlie,delta';
var myArray = listToArray(myString, ',');
myArray[2]; // charlie

var yourString = 'echo';
var yourArray = listToArray(yourString, ',');
yourArray[0]; // echo

I created this function because split throws out an error if there isn’t any separator character in the string (only one item).

The Answer 10

6 people think this answer is useful

I had a similar issue, but more complex as I needed to transform a CSV file into an array of arrays (each line is one array element that inside has an array of items split by comma).

The easiest solution (and more secure I bet) was to use PapaParse which has a “no-header” option that transform the CSV file into an array of arrays, plus, it automatically detected the “,” as my delimiter.

Plus, it is registered in Bower, so I only had to:

bower install papa-parse --save

And then use it in my code as follows:

var arrayOfArrays = Papa.parse(csvStringWithEnters), {header:false}).data;

I really liked it.

The Answer 11

3 people think this answer is useful

A good solution for that:

let obj = ['A','B','C']

obj.map((c) => { return c. }).join(', ')

The Answer 12

2 people think this answer is useful

Shortest

str.split`,`

var str = "January,February,March,April,May,June,July,August,September,October,November,December";

let arr = str.split`,`;

console.log(arr);

The Answer 13

1 people think this answer is useful

You can try the following snippet:

 var str = "How,are,you,doing,today?";
    var res = str.split(",");
    console.log("My Result:", res)

The Answer 14

0 people think this answer is useful

As @oportocala mentions, an empty string will not result in the expected empty array.

So to counter, do:

str
.split(',')
.map(entry => entry.trim())
.filter(entry => entry)

For an array of expected integers, do:

str
.split(',')
.map(entry => parseInt(entry))
.filter(entry => typeof entry ==='number')

The Answer 15

0 people think this answer is useful

For an array of strings to a comma-separated string:

let months = ["January","Feb"];
let monthsString = months.join(", ");

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