javascript – How to set focus on an input field after rendering?

The Question :

703 people think this question is useful

What’s the react way of setting focus on a particular text field after the component is rendered?

Documentation seems to suggest using refs, e.g:

Set ref="nameInput" on my input field in the render function, and then call:

this.refs.nameInput.getInputDOMNode().focus(); 

But where should I call this? I’ve tried a few places but I cannot get it to work.

The Question Comments :

The Answer 1

719 people think this answer is useful

You should do it in componentDidMount and refs callback instead. Something like this

componentDidMount(){
   this.nameInput.focus(); 
}

class App extends React.Component{
  componentDidMount(){
    this.nameInput.focus();
  }
  render() {
    return(
      <div>
        <input 
          defaultValue="Won't focus" 
        />
        <input 
          ref={(input) => { this.nameInput = input; }} 
          defaultValue="will focus"
        />
      </div>
    );
  }
}
    
ReactDOM.render(<App />, document.getElementById('app'));
<script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/react/15.3.1/react.js"></script>
<script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/react/15.3.1/react-dom.js"></script>
<div id="app"></div>

The Answer 2

925 people think this answer is useful

@Dhiraj’s answer is correct, and for convenience you can use the autoFocus prop to have an input automatically focus when mounted:

<input autoFocus name=...

Note that in jsx it’s autoFocus (capital F) unlike plain old html which is case-insensitive.

The Answer 3

186 people think this answer is useful

As of React 0.15, the most concise method is:

<input ref={input => input &amp;&amp; input.focus()}/>

The Answer 4

173 people think this answer is useful

Focus on mount

If you just want to focus an element when it mounts (initially renders) a simple use of the autoFocus attribute will do.

<input type="text" autoFocus />

Dynamic focus

to control focus dynamically use a general function to hide implementation details from your components.

React 16.8 + Functional component – useFocus hook

const FocusDemo = () => {

    const [inputRef, setInputFocus] = useFocus()

    return (
        <> 
            <button onClick={setInputFocus} >
               FOCUS
            </button>
            <input ref={inputRef} />
        </>
    )
    
}


const useFocus = () => {
    const htmlElRef = useRef(null)
    const setFocus = () => {htmlElRef.current &amp;&amp;  htmlElRef.current.focus()}

    return [ htmlElRef, setFocus ] 
}

Full Demo

React 16.3 + Class Components – utilizeFocus

class App extends Component {
  constructor(props){
    super(props)
    this.inputFocus = utilizeFocus()
  }

  render(){
    return (
      <> 
          <button onClick={this.inputFocus.setFocus}>
             FOCUS
          </button>
          <input ref={this.inputFocus.ref}/>
      </>
    )
  } 
}

const utilizeFocus = () => {
    const ref = React.createRef()
    const setFocus = () => {ref.current &amp;&amp;  ref.current.focus()}

    return {setFocus, ref} 
}

Full Demo

The Answer 5

63 people think this answer is useful

If you just want to make autofocus in React, it’s simple.

<input autoFocus type="text" />


While if you just want to know where to put that code, answer is in componentDidMount().

v014.3

componentDidMount() {
    this.refs.linkInput.focus()
}

In most cases, you can attach a ref to the DOM node and avoid using findDOMNode at all.

Read the API documents here: https://facebook.github.io/react/docs/top-level-api.html#reactdom.finddomnode

The Answer 6

41 people think this answer is useful

React 16.3 added a new convenient way to handle this by creating a ref in component’s constructor and use it like below:

class MyForm extends Component {
  constructor(props) {
      super(props);

      this.textInput = React.createRef();
  }

  componentDidMount() {
    this.textInput.current.focus();
  }

  render() {
    return(
      <div>
        <input ref={this.textInput} />
      </div>
    );
  }
}

For more details about React.createRef, you can check this article in React blog.

Update:

Starting from React 16.8, useRef hook can be used in function components to achieve the same result:

import React, { useEffect, useRef } from 'react';

const MyForm = () => {
  const textInput = useRef(null);

  useEffect(() => {
    textInput.current.focus();
  }, []);

  return (
    <div>
      <input ref={textInput} />
    </div>
  );
};

The Answer 7

26 people think this answer is useful

The React docs now have a section for this. https://facebook.github.io/react/docs/more-about-refs.html#the-ref-callback-attribute

 render: function() {
  return (
    <TextInput
      ref={function(input) {
        if (input != null) {
          input.focus();
        }
      }} />
    );
  },

The Answer 8

26 people think this answer is useful

I just ran into this issue and I’m using react 15.0.1 15.0.2 and I’m using ES6 syntax and didn’t quite get what I needed from the other answers since v.15 dropped weeks ago and some of the this.refs properties were deprecated and removed.

In general, what I needed was:

  1. Focus the first input (field) element when the component mounts
  2. Focus the first input (field) element with an error (after submit)

I’m using:

  • React Container/Presentation Component
  • Redux
  • React-Router

Focus the First Input Element

I used autoFocus={true} on the first <input /> on the page so that when the component mounts, it will get focus.

Focus the First Input Element with an Error

This took longer and was more convoluted. I’m keeping out code that isn’t relevant to the solution for brevity.

Redux Store / State

I need a global state to know if I should set the focus and to disable it when it was set, so I don’t keep re-setting focus when the components re-render (I’ll be using componentDidUpdate() to check for setting focus.)

This could be designed as you see fit for you application.

{
    form: {
        resetFocus: false,
    }
}

Container Component

The component will need to have the resetfocus property set and a callBack to clear the property if it ends up setting focus on itself.

Also note, I organized my Action Creators into separate files mostly due to my project is fairly large and I wanted to break them up into more manageable chunks.

import { connect } from 'react-redux';
import MyField from '../presentation/MyField';
import ActionCreator from '../actions/action-creators';

function mapStateToProps(state) {
    return {
        resetFocus: state.form.resetFocus
    }
}

function mapDispatchToProps(dispatch) {
    return {
        clearResetFocus() {
            dispatch(ActionCreator.clearResetFocus());
        }
    }
}

export default connect(mapStateToProps, mapDispatchToProps)(MyField);

Presentation Component

import React, { PropTypes } form 'react';

export default class MyField extends React.Component {
    // don't forget to .bind(this)
    constructor(props) {
        super(props);
        this._handleRef = this._handleRef.bind(this);
    }

    // This is not called on the initial render so
    // this._input will be set before this get called
    componentDidUpdate() {
        if(!this.props.resetFocus) {
            return false;
        }

        if(this.shouldfocus()) {
            this._input.focus();
            this.props.clearResetFocus();
        }
    }

    // When the component mounts, it will save a 
    // reference to itself as _input, which we'll
    // be able to call in subsequent componentDidUpdate()
    // calls if we need to set focus.
    _handleRef(c) {
        this._input = c;
    }

    // Whatever logic you need to determine if this
    // component should get focus
    shouldFocus() {
        // ...
    }

    // pass the _handleRef callback so we can access 
    // a reference of this element in other component methods
    render() {
        return (
            <input ref={this._handleRef} type="text" />
        );
    }
}

Myfield.propTypes = {
    clearResetFocus: PropTypes.func,
    resetFocus: PropTypes.bool
}

Overview

The general idea is that each form field that could have an error and be focused needs to check itself and if it needs to set focus on itself.

There’s business logic that needs to happen to determine if the given field is the right field to set focus to. This isn’t shown because it will depend on the individual application.

When a form is submitted, that event needs to set the global focus flag resetFocus to true. Then as each component updates itself, it will see that it should check to see if it gets the focus and if it does, dispatch the event to reset focus so other elements don’t have to keep checking.

edit As a side note, I had my business logic in a “utilities” file and I just exported the method and called it within each shouldfocus() method.

Cheers!

The Answer 9

13 people think this answer is useful

This is not longer the best answer. As of v0.13, this.refs may not available until AFTER componentDidMount() runs, in some odd cases.

Just add the autoFocus tag to your input field, as FakeRainBrigand showed above.

The Answer 10

12 people think this answer is useful

Ref. @Dave’s comment on @Dhiraj’s answer; an alternative is to use the callback functionality of the ref attribute on the element being rendered (after a component first renders):

<input ref={ function(component){ React.findDOMNode(component).focus();} } />

More info

The Answer 11

12 people think this answer is useful

Note that none of these answers worked for me with a material-ui TextField component. Per How to set focus to a materialUI TextField? I had to jump through some hoops to get this to work:

const focusUsernameInputField = input => {
  if (input) {
    setTimeout(() => {input.focus()}, 100);
  }
};

return (
  <TextField
    hintText="Username"
    floatingLabelText="Username"
    ref={focusUsernameInputField}
  />
);

The Answer 12

12 people think this answer is useful

This is the proper way, how to autofocus. When you use callback instead of string as ref value, it is automatically called. You got your ref available than without the need of touching the DOM using getDOMNode

render: function() {
  return <TextInput ref={(c) => this._input = c} />;
},
componentDidMount: function() {
  this._input.focus();
},

The Answer 13

9 people think this answer is useful

You can put that method call inside the render function. Or inside the life cycle method, componentDidUpdate

The Answer 14

8 people think this answer is useful

You don’t need getInputDOMNode?? in this case…

Just simply get the ref and focus() it when component gets mounted — componentDidMount

import React from 'react';
import { render } from 'react-dom';

class myApp extends React.Component {

  componentDidMount() {
    this.nameInput.focus();
  }

  render() {
    return(
      <div>
        <input ref={input => { this.nameInput = input; }} />
      </div>
    );
  }

}

ReactDOM.render(<myApp />, document.getElementById('root'));

The Answer 15

6 people think this answer is useful

Using React Hooks / Functional components with Typescript, you can use the useRef hook with HTMLInputElement as the generic parameter of useRef:

import React, { useEffect, useRef } from 'react';

export default function MyComponent(): JSX.Element {
    const inputReference = useRef<HTMLInputElement>(null);

    useEffect(() => {
        inputReference.current?.focus();
    }, []);

    return (
        <div>
            <input ref={inputReference} />
        </div>
    );
}

Or if using reactstrap, supply inputReference to innerRef instead of ref:

import React, { useEffect, useRef } from 'react';
import { Input } from 'reactstrap';

export default function MyComponent(): JSX.Element {
    const inputReference = useRef<HTMLInputElement>(null);

    useEffect(() => {
        inputReference.current?.focus();
    }, []);

    return (
        <div>
            <Input innerRef={inputReference} />
        </div>
    );
}

The Answer 16

5 people think this answer is useful

AutoFocus worked best for me. I needed to change some text to an input with that text on double click so this is what I ended up with:

<input autoFocus onFocus={this.setCaretToEnd} value={this.state.editTodo.value} onDoubleClick={this.updateTodoItem} />

NOTE: To fix the issue where React places the caret at the beginning of the text use this method:

setCaretToEnd(event) {
    var originalText = event.target.value;
    event.target.value = '';
    event.target.value = originalText;
}

Found here: https://coderwall.com/p/0iz_zq/how-to-put-focus-at-the-end-of-an-input-with-react-js

The Answer 17

4 people think this answer is useful

I have same problem but I have some animation too, so my colleague suggest to use window.requestAnimationFrame

this is ref attribute of my element:

ref={(input) => {input &amp;&amp; window.requestAnimationFrame(()=>{input.focus()})}}

The Answer 18

2 people think this answer is useful

Warning: ReactDOMComponent: Do not access .getDOMNode() of a DOM node; instead, use the node directly. This DOM node was rendered by App.

Should be

componentDidMount: function () {
  this.refs.nameInput.focus();
}

The Answer 19

2 people think this answer is useful

The simplest answer is add the ref=”some name” in the input text element and call the below function.

componentDidMount(){
   this.refs.field_name.focus();
}
// here field_name is ref name.

<input type="text" ref="field_name" />

The Answer 20

2 people think this answer is useful

To move focus to a newly created element, you can store the element’s ID in the state and use it to set autoFocus. e.g.

export default class DefaultRolesPage extends React.Component {

    addRole = ev => {
        ev.preventDefault();
        const roleKey = this.roleKey++;
        this::updateState({
            focus: {$set: roleKey},
            formData: {
                roles: {
                    $push: [{
                        id: null,
                        name: '',
                        permissions: new Set(),
                        key: roleKey,
                    }]
                }
            }
        })
    }

    render() {
        const {formData} = this.state;

        return (
            <GridForm onSubmit={this.submit}>
                {formData.roles.map((role, idx) => (
                    <GridSection key={role.key}>
                        <GridRow>
                            <GridCol>
                                <label>Role</label>
                                <TextBox value={role.name} onChange={this.roleName(idx)} autoFocus={role.key === this.state.focus}/>
                            </GridCol>
                        </GridRow>
                    </GridSection>
                ))}
            </GridForm>
        )
    }
}

This way none of the textboxes get focus on page load (like I want), but when you press the “Add” button to create a new record, then that new record gets focus.

Since autoFocus doesn’t “run” again unless the component gets remounted, I don’t have to bother unsetting this.state.focus (i.e. it won’t keep stealing focus back as I update other states).

The Answer 21

1 people think this answer is useful

Read almost all the answer but didnt see a getRenderedComponent().props.input

Set your text input refs

this.refs.username.getRenderedComponent().props.input.onChange('');

The Answer 22

1 people think this answer is useful

After trying a lot of options above with no success I’ve found that It was as I was disabling and then enabling the input which caused the focus to be lost.

I had a prop sendingAnswer which would disable the Input while I was polling the backend.

<Input
  autoFocus={question}
  placeholder={
    gettingQuestion ? 'Loading...' : 'Type your answer here...'
  }
  value={answer}
  onChange={event => dispatch(updateAnswer(event.target.value))}
  type="text"
  autocomplete="off"
  name="answer"
  // disabled={sendingAnswer} <-- Causing focus to be lost.
/>

Once I removed the disabled prop everything started working again.

The Answer 23

1 people think this answer is useful

According to the updated syntax, you can use this.myRref.current.focus()

The Answer 24

1 people think this answer is useful
<input type="text" autoFocus />

always try the simple and basic solution first, works for me.

The Answer 25

0 people think this answer is useful

Updated version you can check here

componentDidMount() {

    // Focus to the input as html5 autofocus
    this.inputRef.focus();

}
render() {
    return <input type="text" ref={(input) => { this.inputRef = input }} />
})

The Answer 26

0 people think this answer is useful

Since there is a lot of reasons for this error I thought that I would also post the problem I was facing. For me, problem was that I rendered my inputs as content of another component.

export default ({ Content }) => {
  return (
  <div className="container-fluid main_container">
    <div className="row">
      <div className="col-sm-12 h-100">
        <Content />                                 // I rendered my inputs here
      </div>
    </div>
  </div>
  );
}

This is the way I called the above component:

<Component Content={() => {
  return (
    <input type="text"/>
  );
}} />

The Answer 27

0 people think this answer is useful

Simple solution without autofocus:

<input ref={ref => ref &amp;&amp; ref.focus()}
    onFocus={(e)=>e.currentTarget.setSelectionRange(e.currentTarget.value.length, e.currentTarget.value.length)}
    />

ref triggers focus, and that triggers onFocus to calculate the end and set the cursor accordingly.

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