mysql – Change a column type from Date to DateTime during ROR migration

The Question :

230 people think this question is useful

I need to change my column type from date to datetime for an app I am making. I don’t care about the data as its still being developed.

How can I do this?

The Question Comments :

The Answer 1

511 people think this answer is useful

First in your terminal:

rails g migration change_date_format_in_my_table

Then in your migration file:

For Rails >= 3.2:

class ChangeDateFormatInMyTable < ActiveRecord::Migration
  def up
    change_column :my_table, :my_column, :datetime
  end

  def down
    change_column :my_table, :my_column, :date
  end
end

The Answer 2

79 people think this answer is useful

Also, if you’re using Rails 3 or newer you don’t have to use the up and down methods. You can just use change:

class ChangeFormatInMyTable < ActiveRecord::Migration
  def change
    change_column :my_table, :my_column, :my_new_type
  end
end

The Answer 3

42 people think this answer is useful

In Rails 3.2 and Rails 4, Benjamin’s popular answer has a slightly different syntax.

First in your terminal:

$ rails g migration change_date_format_in_my_table

Then in your migration file:

class ChangeDateFormatInMyTable < ActiveRecord::Migration
  def up
   change_column :my_table, :my_column, :datetime
  end

  def down
   change_column :my_table, :my_column, :date
  end
end

The Answer 4

23 people think this answer is useful

There’s a change_column method, just execute it in your migration with datetime as a new type.

change_column(:my_table, :my_column, :my_new_type)

The Answer 5

1 people think this answer is useful

AFAIK, migrations are there to try to reshape data you care about (i.e. production) when making schema changes. So unless that’s wrong, and since he did say he does not care about the data, why not just modify the column type in the original migration from date to datetime and re-run the migration? (Hope you’ve got tests:)).

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