mysql – Change auto increment starting number?

The Question :

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In MySQL, I have a table, and I want to set the auto_increment value to 5 instead of 1. Is this possible and what query statement does this?

The Question Comments :
  • you can’t CHANGE, only increase
  • @VasiliiSuricov You can change this option with ALTER TABLE, but in that case the new value must be higher than the highest value which is present in the AUTO_INCREMENT column. source If there is no higher value than what you want to set your auto_incremented column, you can also decrease the value. (mysql documentation)

The Answer 1

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You can use ALTER TABLE to change the auto_increment initial value:

ALTER TABLE tbl AUTO_INCREMENT = 5;

See the MySQL reference for more details.

The Answer 2

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Yes, you can use the ALTER TABLE t AUTO_INCREMENT = 42 statement. However, you need to be aware that this will cause the rebuilding of your entire table, at least with InnoDB and certain MySQL versions. If you have an already existing dataset with millions of rows, it could take a very long time to complete.

In my experience, it’s better to do the following:

BEGIN WORK;
-- You may also need to add other mandatory columns and values
INSERT INTO t (id) VALUES (42);
ROLLBACK;

In this way, even if you’re rolling back the transaction, MySQL will keep the auto-increment value, and the change will be applied instantly.

You can verify this by issuing a SHOW CREATE TABLE t statement. You should see:

> SHOW CREATE TABLE t \G
*************************** 1. row ***************************
       Table: t
Create Table: CREATE TABLE `t` (
...
) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=43 ...

The Answer 3

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How to auto increment by one, starting at 10 in MySQL:

create table foobar(
  id             INT PRIMARY KEY AUTO_INCREMENT,
  moobar         VARCHAR(500)
); 
ALTER TABLE foobar AUTO_INCREMENT=10;

INSERT INTO foobar(moobar) values ("abc");
INSERT INTO foobar(moobar) values ("def");
INSERT INTO foobar(moobar) values ("xyz");

select * from foobar;

'10', 'abc'
'11', 'def'
'12', 'xyz'

This auto increments the id column by one starting at 10.

Auto increment in MySQL by 5, starting at 10:

drop table foobar
create table foobar(
  id             INT PRIMARY KEY AUTO_INCREMENT,
  moobar         VARCHAR(500)
); 
SET @@auto_increment_increment=5;
ALTER TABLE foobar AUTO_INCREMENT=10;

INSERT INTO foobar(moobar) values ("abc");
INSERT INTO foobar(moobar) values ("def");
INSERT INTO foobar(moobar) values ("xyz");

select * from foobar;
'11', 'abc'
'16', 'def'
'21', 'xyz'

This auto increments the id column by 5 each time, starting at 10.

The Answer 4

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Procedure to auto fix AUTO_INCREMENT value of table

DROP PROCEDURE IF EXISTS update_auto_increment;
DELIMITER //
CREATE PROCEDURE update_auto_increment (_table VARCHAR(64))
BEGIN
    DECLARE _max_stmt VARCHAR(1024);
    DECLARE _stmt VARCHAR(1024);    
    SET @inc := 0;

    SET @MAX_SQL := CONCAT('SELECT IFNULL(MAX(`id`), 0) + 1 INTO @inc FROM ', _table);
    PREPARE _max_stmt FROM @MAX_SQL;
    EXECUTE _max_stmt;
    DEALLOCATE PREPARE _max_stmt;

    SET @SQL := CONCAT('ALTER TABLE ', _table, ' AUTO_INCREMENT =  ', @inc);
    PREPARE _stmt FROM @SQL;
    EXECUTE _stmt;
    DEALLOCATE PREPARE _stmt;
END//
DELIMITER ;

CALL update_auto_increment('your_table_name')

The Answer 5

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If you need this procedure for variable fieldnames instead of id this might be helpful:

DROP PROCEDURE IF EXISTS update_auto_increment;
DELIMITER //
CREATE PROCEDURE update_auto_increment (_table VARCHAR(128), _fieldname VARCHAR(128))
BEGIN
    DECLARE _max_stmt VARCHAR(1024);
    DECLARE _stmt VARCHAR(1024);    
    SET @inc := 0;

    SET @MAX_SQL := CONCAT('SELECT IFNULL(MAX(',_fieldname,'), 0) + 1 INTO @inc FROM ', _table);
    PREPARE _max_stmt FROM @MAX_SQL;
    EXECUTE _max_stmt;
    DEALLOCATE PREPARE _max_stmt;

    SET @SQL := CONCAT('ALTER TABLE ', _table, ' AUTO_INCREMENT =  ', @inc);
    PREPARE _stmt FROM @SQL;
    EXECUTE _stmt;
    DEALLOCATE PREPARE _stmt;
END //
DELIMITER ;

CALL update_auto_increment('your_table_name', 'autoincrement_fieldname');

The Answer 6

2 people think this answer is useful

You can also do it using phpmyadmin. Just select the table than go to actions. And change the Auto increment below table options. Don’t forget to click on start Auto increment in phpmyadmin

The Answer 7

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just export the table with data .. then copy its sql like

CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `employees` (
  `emp_badgenumber` int(20) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `emp_fullname` varchar(100) NOT NULL,
  `emp_father_name` varchar(30) NOT NULL,
  `emp_mobile` varchar(20) DEFAULT NULL,
  `emp_cnic` varchar(20) DEFAULT NULL,
  `emp_gender` varchar(10) NOT NULL,
  `emp_is_deleted` tinyint(4) DEFAULT '0',
  `emp_registration_date` timestamp NOT NULL DEFAULT CURRENT_TIMESTAMP,
  `emp_overtime_allowed` tinyint(4) DEFAULT '1',
  PRIMARY KEY (`emp_badgenumber`),
  UNIQUE KEY `bagdenumber` (`emp_badgenumber`),
  KEY `emp_badgenumber` (`emp_badgenumber`),
  KEY `emp_badgenumber_2` (`emp_badgenumber`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB  DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1 AUTO_INCREMENT=111121326 ;

now change auto increment value and execute sql.

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