sql – MySQL: How to copy rows, but change a few fields?

The Question :

201 people think this question is useful

I have a large number of rows that I would like to copy, but I need to change one field.

I can select the rows that I want to copy:

select * from Table where Event_ID = "120"

Now I want to copy all those rows and create new rows while setting the Event_ID to 155. How can I accomplish this?

The Question Comments :

The Answer 1

291 people think this answer is useful
INSERT INTO Table
          ( Event_ID
          , col2
           ...
          )
     SELECT "155"
          , col2
           ...
      FROM Table WHERE Event_ID = "120"

Here, the col2, … represent the remaining columns (the ones other than Event_ID) in your table.

The Answer 2

152 people think this answer is useful

This is a solution where you have many fields in your table and don’t want to get a finger cramp from typing all the fields, just type the ones needed 🙂

How to copy some rows into the same table, with some fields having different values:

  1. Create a temporary table with all the rows you want to copy
  2. Update all the rows in the temporary table with the values you want
  3. If you have an auto increment field, you should set it to NULL in the temporary table
  4. Copy all the rows of the temporary table into your original table
  5. Delete the temporary table

Your code:

CREATE table temporary_table AS SELECT * FROM original_table WHERE Event_ID="155";

UPDATE temporary_table SET Event_ID="120";

UPDATE temporary_table SET ID=NULL

INSERT INTO original_table SELECT * FROM temporary_table;

DROP TABLE temporary_table

General scenario code:

CREATE table temporary_table AS SELECT * FROM original_table WHERE <conditions>;

UPDATE temporary_table SET <fieldx>=<valuex>, <fieldy>=<valuey>, ...;

UPDATE temporary_table SET <auto_inc_field>=NULL;

INSERT INTO original_table SELECT * FROM temporary_table;

DROP TABLE temporary_table

Simplified/condensed code:

CREATE TEMPORARY TABLE temporary_table AS SELECT * FROM original_table WHERE <conditions>;

UPDATE temporary_table SET <auto_inc_field>=NULL, <fieldx>=<valuex>, <fieldy>=<valuey>, ...;

INSERT INTO original_table SELECT * FROM temporary_table;

As creation of the temporary table uses the TEMPORARY keyword it will be dropped automatically when the session finishes (as @ar34z suggested).

The Answer 3

42 people think this answer is useful

Let’s say your table has two other columns: foo and bar

INSERT INTO Table (foo, bar, Event_ID)
SELECT foo, bar, "155"
  FROM Table
 WHERE Event_ID = "120"

The Answer 4

10 people think this answer is useful

If you have loads of columns in your table and don’t want to type out each one you can do it using a temporary table, like;

SELECT *
INTO #Temp
FROM Table WHERE Event_ID = "120"
GO

UPDATE #TEMP
SET Column = "Changed"
GO

INSERT INTO Table
SELECT *
FROM #Temp

The Answer 5

2 people think this answer is useful

Hey how about to copy all fields, change one of them to the same value + something else.

INSERT INTO Table (foo, bar, Event_ID)
SELECT foo, bar, Event_ID+"155"
  FROM Table
 WHERE Event_ID = "120"

??????????

The Answer 6

0 people think this answer is useful

As long as Event_ID is Integer, do this:

INSERT INTO Table (foo, bar, Event_ID)
SELECT foo, bar, (Event_ID + 155)
  FROM Table
WHERE Event_ID = "120"

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