How to add default value for html

The Question :

366 people think this question is useful

I want to set a default value for my html <textarea>. I read from a material that to add default value you have to do something like <textarea>This is default text</textarea>. I did that but it doesn’t work. What’s the right thing to do?

The Question Comments :
  • The way you show is how it’s supposed to work. Show your HTML code if it doesn’t
  • show your html please…
  • The answers suite for the question without the code attempt noted in it. Lets treat the question without this attempt, so the question wouldn’t be subjected for “no code” or “can longer be reproduced” close reasons.

The Answer 1

649 people think this answer is useful

Here is my jsFiddle example. this works fine:

<textarea name='awesome'>Default value</textarea>

The Answer 2

93 people think this answer is useful

You can use placeholder Attribute, which doesn’t add a default value but might be what you are looking out for :

<textarea placeholder="this text will show in the textarea"></textarea>

Check it out here – http://jsfiddle.net/8DzCE/949/ enter image description here

Important Note ( As suggested by Jon Brave in the comments ) :

Placeholder Attribute does not set the value of a textarea. Rather “The placeholder attribute represents a short hint (a word or short phrase) intended to aid the user with data entry when the control has no value” [and it disappears as soon as user clicks into the textarea]. It will never act as “the default value” for the control. If you want that, you must put the desired text inside the Here is the actual default value, as per other answers here

The Answer 3

21 people think this answer is useful

If you want to bring information from a database into a textarea tag for editing: The input tag not to display data that occupy several lines: rows no work, tag input is one line.

<!--input class="article-input" id="article-input" type="text" rows="5" value="{{article}}" /-->

The textarea tag has no value, but work fine with handlebars

<textarea class="article-input" id="article-input" type="text" rows="9" >{{article}}</textarea> 

The Answer 4

10 people think this answer is useful

Just in case if you are using Angular.js in your project (as I am) and have a ng-model set for your <textarea>, setting the default just inside like:

<textarea ng-model='foo'>Some default value</textarea>

…will not work!

You need to set the default value to the textarea’s ng-model in the respective controller or use ng-init.

Example 1 (using ng-init):

var myApp = angular.module('myApp',[]);

myApp.controller('MyCtrl', [ '$scope', function($scope){
  // your controller implementation here
}]);
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/angularjs/1.3.15/angular.min.js"></script>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <title>JS Bin</title>
  </head>
  <body ng-app='myApp'>
    <div ng-controller="MyCtrl">
      <textarea ng-init='foo="Some default value"' ng-model='foo'></textarea>
    </div>
  </body>
</html>

Example 2 (without using ng-init):

var myApp = angular.module('myApp',[]);

myApp.controller('MyCtrl', [ '$scope', function($scope){
  $scope.foo = 'Some default value';
}]);
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/angularjs/1.3.15/angular.min.js"></script>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <title>JS Bin</title>
  </head>
  <body ng-app='myApp'>
    <div ng-controller="MyCtrl">
      <textarea ng-model='foo'></textarea>
    </div>
  </body>
</html>

The Answer 5

8 people think this answer is useful

A few notes and clarifications:

  • placeholder='' inserts your text, but it is greyed out (in a tool-tip style format) and the moment the field is clicked, your text is replaced by an empty text field.

  • value='' is not a <textarea> attribute, and only works for <input> tags, ie, <input type='text'>, etc. I don’t know why the creators of HTML5 decided not to incorporate that, but that’s the way it is for now.

  • The best method for inserting text into <textarea> elements has been outlined correctly here as: <textarea> Desired text to be inserted into the field upon page load </textarea> When the user clicks the field, they can edit the text and it remains in the field (unlike placeholder='').

  • Note: If you insert text between the <textarea> and </textarea> tags, you cannot use placeholder='' as it will be overwritten by your inserted text.

The Answer 6

4 people think this answer is useful

Also, this worked very well for me:

<textarea class="form-control" rows="3" name="msg" placeholder="Your message here." onfocus='this.select()'>
<?php if (isset($_POST['encode'])) { echo htmlspecialchars($_POST['msg']);} ?>
</textarea>

In this case, $_POST[‘encode’] came from this:

<input class="input_bottom btn btn-default" type="submit" name="encode" value="Encode">

The PHP code was inserted between the and tags.

The Answer 7

3 people think this answer is useful

Placeholder cannot set the default value for text area. You can use

<textarea rows="10" cols="55" name="description"> /*Enter default value here to display content</textarea>

This is the tag if you are using it for database connection. You may use different syntax if you are using other languages than php.For php :

e.g.:

<textarea rows="10" cols="55" name="description" required><?php echo $description; ?></textarea>

required command minimizes efforts needed to check empty fields using php.

The Answer 8

1 people think this answer is useful

You can use this.innerHTML.

<textarea name="message" rows = "10" cols = "100" onfocus="this.innerHTML=''"> Enter your message here... </textarea>

When text area is focused, it basically makes the innerHTML of the textarea an empty string.

The Answer 9

-1 people think this answer is useful

Please note that if you made changes to textarea, after it had rendered; You will get the updated value instead of the initialized value.

<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
    <head>
        <script src="http://code.jquery.com/jquery-latest.min.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
        <script>
            $(function () {
                $('#btnShow').click(function () {
                    alert('text:' + $('#addressFieldName').text() + '\n value:' + $('#addressFieldName').val());
                });
            });
            function updateAddress() {
                $('#addressFieldName').val('District: Peshawar \n');
            }
        </script>
    </head>
    <body>
        <?php
        $address = "School: GCMHSS NO.1\nTehsil: ,\nDistrict: Haripur";
        ?>
        <textarea id="addressFieldName" rows="4" cols="40" tabindex="5" ><?php echo $address; ?></textarea>
        <?php echo '<script type="text/javascript">updateAddress();</script>'; ?>
        <input type="button" id="btnShow" value='show' />
    </body>
</html>

As you can see the value of textarea will be different than the text in between the opening and closing tag of concern textarea.

The Answer 10

-5 people think this answer is useful

You can also add the “value” attribute and set that so something like so:


<textarea value="your value"> </textarea>


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