c# – How do you implement a private setter when using an interface?

The Question :

143 people think this question is useful

I’ve created an interface with some properties.

If the interface didn’t exist all properties of the class object would be set to

{ get; private set; }

However, this isn’t allowed when using an interface,so can this be achieved and if so how?

The Question Comments :

The Answer 1

275 people think this answer is useful

In interface you can define only getter for your property

interface IFoo
{
    string Name { get; }
}

However, in your class you can extend it to have a private setter

class Foo : IFoo
{
    public string Name
    {
        get;
        private set;
    }
}

The Answer 2

28 people think this answer is useful

Interface defines public API. If public API contains only getter, then you define only getter in interface:

public interface IBar
{
    int Foo { get; }    
}

Private setter is not part of public api (as any other private member), thus you cannot define it in interface. But you are free to add any (private) members to interface implementation. Actually it does not matter whether setter will be implemented as public or private, or if there will be setter:

 public int Foo { get; set; } // public

 public int Foo { get; private set; } // private

 public int Foo 
 {
    get { return _foo; } // no setter
 }

 public void Poop(); // this member also not part of interface

Setter is not part of interface, so it cannot be called via your interface:

 IBar bar = new Bar();
 bar.Foo = 42; // will not work thus setter is not defined in interface
 bar.Poop(); // will not work thus Poop is not defined in interface

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