c++ – Printing 1 to 1000 without loop or conditionals

The Question :

323 people think this question is useful

Task: Print numbers from 1 to 1000 without using any loop or conditional statements. Don’t just write the printf() or cout statement 1000 times.

How would you do that using C or C++?

The Question Comments :
  • The obvious answer is to use 500 calls to printf and print two numbers each time, no?
  • printf(“numbers from 1 to 1000”);
  • :? isn’t a conditional statement (it’s an expression)…
  • The interview your chance to shine. Tell them “Without loops or conditionals? Child’s play. I can do it without a computer!” Then pull out pen and notepad. They may give you a confused look, but just explain that if you can’t count on built in language constructs, you really can’t assume anything.
  • Personally, I think there were several answers that had clever, interesting solutions. I also think that while this could easily be an awful interview question, there could be good value in it, as long as the interviewer is really looking not so much for a completely well-formed solution as looking for whether the interviewee considered approaches that indicate a knowledge of TMP or using constructs in unusual ways. I think it would be bad if this were used this as a pure ‘got-it-right/wrong’ question, but if it were used as the starting point of a discussion, I could see a lot of value.

The Answer 1

785 people think this answer is useful

Compile time recursion! 😛

#include <iostream>
template<int N>
struct NumberGeneration{
  static void out(std::ostream&amp; os)
  {
    NumberGeneration<N-1>::out(os);
    os << N << std::endl;
  }
};
template<>
struct NumberGeneration<1>{
  static void out(std::ostream&amp; os)
  {
    os << 1 << std::endl;
  }
};
int main(){
   NumberGeneration<1000>::out(std::cout);
}

The Answer 2

1195 people think this answer is useful

This one actually compiles to assembly that doesn’t have any conditionals:

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

void main(int j) {
  printf("%d\n", j);
  (&amp;main + (&amp;exit - &amp;main)*(j/1000))(j+1);
}


Edit: Added ‘&’ so it will consider the address hence evading the pointer errors.

This version of the above in standard C, since it doesn’t rely on arithmetic on function pointers:

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

void f(int j)
{
    static void (*const ft[2])(int) = { f, exit };

    printf("%d\n", j);
    ft[j/1000](j + 1);
}

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
    f(1);
}

The Answer 3

544 people think this answer is useful
#include <stdio.h>
int i = 0;
p()    { printf("%d\n", ++i); }
a()    { p();p();p();p();p(); }
b()    { a();a();a();a();a(); }
c()    { b();b();b();b();b(); }
main() { c();c();c();c();c();c();c();c(); return 0; }

I’m surprised nobody seems to have posted this — I thought it was the most obvious way. 1000 = 5*5*5*8.

The Answer 4

298 people think this answer is useful

Looks like it doesn’t need to use loops

printf("1 10 11 100 101 110 111 1000\n");

The Answer 5

270 people think this answer is useful

Here are three solutions that I know. The second might be argued though.

// compile time recursion
template<int N> void f1()
{ 
    f1<N-1>(); 
    cout << N << '\n'; 
}

template<> void f1<1>() 
{ 
    cout << 1 << '\n'; 
}

// short circuiting (not a conditional statement)
void f2(int N)
{ 
    N &amp;&amp; (f2(N-1), cout << N << '\n');
}

// constructors!
struct A {
    A() {
        static int N = 1;
        cout << N++ << '\n';
    }
};

int main()
{
    f1<1000>();
    f2(1000);
    delete[] new A[1000]; // (3)
    A data[1000]; // (4) added by Martin York
}

[ Edit: (1) and (4) can be used for compile time constants only, (2) and (3) can be used for runtime expressions too — end edit. ]

The Answer 6

263 people think this answer is useful

I’m not writing the printf statement 1000 times!

printf("1\n2\n3\n4\n5\n6\n7\n8\n9\n10\n11\n12\n13\n14\n15\n16\n17\n18\n19\n20\n21\n22\n23\n24\n25\n26\n27\n28\n29\n30\n31\n32\n33\n34\n35\n36\n37\n38\n39\n40\n41\n42\n43\n44\n45\n46\n47\n48\n49\n50\n51\n52\n53\n54\n55\n56\n57\n58\n59\n60\n61\n62\n63\n64\n65\n66\n67\n68\n69\n70\n71\n72\n73\n74\n75\n76\n77\n78\n79\n80\n81\n82\n83\n84\n85\n86\n87\n88\n89\n90\n91\n92\n93\n94\n95\n96\n97\n98\n99\n100\n101\n102\n103\n104\n105\n106\n107\n108\n109\n110\n111\n112\n113\n114\n115\n116\n117\n118\n119\n120\n121\n122\n123\n124\n125\n126\n127\n128\n129\n130\n131\n132\n133\n134\n135\n136\n137\n138\n139\n140\n141\n142\n143\n144\n145\n146\n147\n148\n149\n150\n151\n152\n153\n154\n155\n156\n157\n158\n159\n160\n161\n162\n163\n164\n165\n166\n167\n168\n169\n170\n171\n172\n173\n174\n175\n176\n177\n178\n179\n180\n181\n182\n183\n184\n185\n186\n187\n188\n189\n190\n191\n192\n193\n194\n195\n196\n197\n198\n199\n200\n201\n202\n203\n204\n205\n206\n207\n208\n209\n210\n211\n212\n213\n214\n215\n216\n217\n218\n219\n220\n221\n222\n223\n224\n225\n226\n227\n228\n229\n230\n231\n232\n233\n234\n235\n236\n237\n238\n239\n240\n241\n242\n243\n244\n245\n246\n247\n248\n249\n250\n251\n252\n253\n254\n255\n256\n257\n258\n259\n260\n261\n262\n263\n264\n265\n266\n267\n268\n269\n270\n271\n272\n273\n274\n275\n276\n277\n278\n279\n280\n281\n282\n283\n284\n285\n286\n287\n288\n289\n290\n291\n292\n293\n294\n295\n296\n297\n298\n299\n300\n301\n302\n303\n304\n305\n306\n307\n308\n309\n310\n311\n312\n313\n314\n315\n316\n317\n318\n319\n320\n321\n322\n323\n324\n325\n326\n327\n328\n329\n330\n331\n332\n333\n334\n335\n336\n337\n338\n339\n340\n341\n342\n343\n344\n345\n346\n347\n348\n349\n350\n351\n352\n353\n354\n355\n356\n357\n358\n359\n360\n361\n362\n363\n364\n365\n366\n367\n368\n369\n370\n371\n372\n373\n374\n375\n376\n377\n378\n379\n380\n381\n382\n383\n384\n385\n386\n387\n388\n389\n390\n391\n392\n393\n394\n395\n396\n397\n398\n399\n400\n401\n402\n403\n404\n405\n406\n407\n408\n409\n410\n411\n412\n413\n414\n415\n416\n417\n418\n419\n420\n421\n422\n423\n424\n425\n426\n427\n428\n429\n430\n431\n432\n433\n434\n435\n436\n437\n438\n439\n440\n441\n442\n443\n444\n445\n446\n447\n448\n449\n450\n451\n452\n453\n454\n455\n456\n457\n458\n459\n460\n461\n462\n463\n464\n465\n466\n467\n468\n469\n470\n471\n472\n473\n474\n475\n476\n477\n478\n479\n480\n481\n482\n483\n484\n485\n486\n487\n488\n489\n490\n491\n492\n493\n494\n495\n496\n497\n498\n499\n500\n501\n502\n503\n504\n505\n506\n507\n508\n509\n510\n511\n512\n513\n514\n515\n516\n517\n518\n519\n520\n521\n522\n523\n524\n525\n526\n527\n528\n529\n530\n531\n532\n533\n534\n535\n536\n537\n538\n539\n540\n541\n542\n543\n544\n545\n546\n547\n548\n549\n550\n551\n552\n553\n554\n555\n556\n557\n558\n559\n560\n561\n562\n563\n564\n565\n566\n567\n568\n569\n570\n571\n572\n573\n574\n575\n576\n577\n578\n579\n580\n581\n582\n583\n584\n585\n586\n587\n588\n589\n590\n591\n592\n593\n594\n595\n596\n597\n598\n599\n600\n601\n602\n603\n604\n605\n606\n607\n608\n609\n610\n611\n612\n613\n614\n615\n616\n617\n618\n619\n620\n621\n622\n623\n624\n625\n626\n627\n628\n629\n630\n631\n632\n633\n634\n635\n636\n637\n638\n639\n640\n641\n642\n643\n644\n645\n646\n647\n648\n649\n650\n651\n652\n653\n654\n655\n656\n657\n658\n659\n660\n661\n662\n663\n664\n665\n666\n667\n668\n669\n670\n671\n672\n673\n674\n675\n676\n677\n678\n679\n680\n681\n682\n683\n684\n685\n686\n687\n688\n689\n690\n691\n692\n693\n694\n695\n696\n697\n698\n699\n700\n701\n702\n703\n704\n705\n706\n707\n708\n709\n710\n711\n712\n713\n714\n715\n716\n717\n718\n719\n720\n721\n722\n723\n724\n725\n726\n727\n728\n729\n730\n731\n732\n733\n734\n735\n736\n737\n738\n739\n740\n741\n742\n743\n744\n745\n746\n747\n748\n749\n750\n751\n752\n753\n754\n755\n756\n757\n758\n759\n760\n761\n762\n763\n764\n765\n766\n767\n768\n769\n770\n771\n772\n773\n774\n775\n776\n777\n778\n779\n780\n781\n782\n783\n784\n785\n786\n787\n788\n789\n790\n791\n792\n793\n794\n795\n796\n797\n798\n799\n800\n801\n802\n803\n804\n805\n806\n807\n808\n809\n810\n811\n812\n813\n814\n815\n816\n817\n818\n819\n820\n821\n822\n823\n824\n825\n826\n827\n828\n829\n830\n831\n832\n833\n834\n835\n836\n837\n838\n839\n840\n841\n842\n843\n844\n845\n846\n847\n848\n849\n850\n851\n852\n853\n854\n855\n856\n857\n858\n859\n860\n861\n862\n863\n864\n865\n866\n867\n868\n869\n870\n871\n872\n873\n874\n875\n876\n877\n878\n879\n880\n881\n882\n883\n884\n885\n886\n887\n888\n889\n890\n891\n892\n893\n894\n895\n896\n897\n898\n899\n900\n901\n902\n903\n904\n905\n906\n907\n908\n909\n910\n911\n912\n913\n914\n915\n916\n917\n918\n919\n920\n921\n922\n923\n924\n925\n926\n927\n928\n929\n930\n931\n932\n933\n934\n935\n936\n937\n938\n939\n940\n941\n942\n943\n944\n945\n946\n947\n948\n949\n950\n951\n952\n953\n954\n955\n956\n957\n958\n959\n960\n961\n962\n963\n964\n965\n966\n967\n968\n969\n970\n971\n972\n973\n974\n975\n976\n977\n978\n979\n980\n981\n982\n983\n984\n985\n986\n987\n988\n989\n990\n991\n992\n993\n994\n995\n996\n997\n998\n999\n1000\n");

You’re welcome 😉

The Answer 7

213 people think this answer is useful
printf("%d\n", 2);
printf("%d\n", 3);

It doesn’t print all the numbers, but it does “Print numbers from 1 to 1000.” Ambiguous question for the win! 🙂

The Answer 8

172 people think this answer is useful

Trigger a fatal error! Here’s the file, countup.c:

#include <stdio.h>
#define MAX 1000
int boom;
int foo(n) {
    boom = 1 / (MAX-n+1);
    printf("%d\n", n);
    foo(n+1);
}
int main() {
    foo(1);
}

Compile, then execute on a shell prompt:

$ ./countup
1
2
3
...
996
997
998
999
1000
Floating point exception
$

This does indeed print the numbers from 1 to 1000, without any loops or conditionals!

The Answer 9

166 people think this answer is useful

Using system commands:

system("/usr/bin/seq 1000");

The Answer 10

100 people think this answer is useful

Untested, but should be vanilla standard C:

void yesprint(int i);
void noprint(int i);

typedef void(*fnPtr)(int);
fnPtr dispatch[] = { noprint, yesprint };

void yesprint(int i) {
    printf("%d\n", i);
    dispatch[i < 1000](i + 1);
}

void noprint(int i) { /* do nothing. */ }

int main() {
    yesprint(1);
}

The Answer 11

96 people think this answer is useful

A bit boring compared to others here, but probably what they’re looking for.

#include <stdio.h>

int f(int val) {
    --val &amp;&amp; f(val);
    return printf( "%d\n", val+1);
}

void main(void) {
    f(1000);
}

The Answer 12

71 people think this answer is useful

The task never specified that the program must terminate after 1000.

void f(int n){
   printf("%d\n",n);
   f(n+1);
}

int main(){
   f(1);
}

(Can be shortened to this if you run ./a.out with no extra params)

void main(int n) {
   printf("%d\n", n);
   main(n+1);
}

The Answer 13

71 people think this answer is useful

Easy as pie! 😛

#include <iostream>

static int current = 1;

struct print
{
    print() { std::cout << current++ << std::endl; }
};

int main()
{
    print numbers [1000];
}

The Answer 14

65 people think this answer is useful
#include <stdio.h>
#define Out(i)       printf("%d\n", i++);
#define REP(N)       N N N N N N N N N N
#define Out1000(i)   REP(REP(REP(Out(i))));
void main()
{
 int i = 1;
 Out1000(i);
}

The Answer 15

42 people think this answer is useful

We can launch 1000 threads, each printing one of the numbers. Install OpenMPI, compile using mpicxx -o 1000 1000.cpp and run using mpirun -np 1000 ./1000. You will probably need to increase your descriptor limit using limit or ulimit. Note that this will be rather slow, unless you have loads of cores!

#include <cstdio>
#include <mpi.h>
using namespace std;

int main(int argc, char **argv) {
  MPI::Init(argc, argv);
  cout << MPI::COMM_WORLD.Get_rank() + 1 << endl;
  MPI::Finalize();
}

Of course, the numbers won’t necessarily be printed in order, but the question doesn’t require them to be ordered.

The Answer 16

40 people think this answer is useful

With plain C:

#include<stdio.h>

/* prints number  i */ 
void print1(int i) {
    printf("%d\n",i);
}

/* prints 10 numbers starting from i */ 
void print10(int i) {
    print1(i);
    print1(i+1);
    print1(i+2);
    print1(i+3);
    print1(i+4);
    print1(i+5);
    print1(i+6);
    print1(i+7);
    print1(i+8);
    print1(i+9);
}

/* prints 100 numbers starting from i */ 
void print100(int i) {
    print10(i);
    print10(i+10);
    print10(i+20);
    print10(i+30);
    print10(i+40);
    print10(i+50);
    print10(i+60);
    print10(i+70);
    print10(i+80);
    print10(i+90);
}

/* prints 1000 numbers starting from i */ 
void print1000(int i) {
    print100(i);
    print100(i+100);
    print100(i+200);
    print100(i+300);
    print100(i+400);
    print100(i+500);
    print100(i+600);
    print100(i+700);
    print100(i+800);
    print100(i+900);
}


int main() {
        print1000(1);
        return 0;
}

Of course, you can implement the same idea for other bases (2: print2 print4 print8 …) but the number 1000 here suggested base 10. You can also reduce a little the number of lines adding intermediate functions: print2() print10() print20() print100() print200() print1000() and other equivalent alternatives.

The Answer 17

34 people think this answer is useful

Just use std::copy() with a special iterator.

#include <algorithm>
#include <iostream>
#include <iterator>

struct number_iterator
{
    typedef std::input_iterator_tag iterator_category;
    typedef int                     value_type;
    typedef std::size_t             difference_type;
    typedef int*                    pointer;
    typedef int&amp;                    reference;

    number_iterator(int v): value(v)                {}
    bool operator != (number_iterator const&amp; rhs)   { return value != rhs.value;}
    number_iterator operator++()                    { ++value; return *this;}
    int operator*()                                 { return value; }
    int value;
};



int main()
{
    std::copy(number_iterator(1), 
              number_iterator(1001), 
              std::ostream_iterator<int>(std::cout, " "));
}

The Answer 18

33 people think this answer is useful

Function pointer (ab)use. No preprocessor magic to increase output. ANSI C.

#include <stdio.h>

int i=1;

void x10( void (*f)() ){
    f(); f(); f(); f(); f();
    f(); f(); f(); f(); f();
}

void I(){printf("%i ", i++);}
void D(){ x10( I ); }
void C(){ x10( D ); }
void M(){ x10( C ); }

int main(){
    M();
}

The Answer 19

32 people think this answer is useful
#include <iostream>
#include <iterator>
using namespace std;

int num() { static int i = 1; return i++; }
int main() { generate_n(ostream_iterator<int>(cout, "\n"), 1000, num); }

The Answer 20

30 people think this answer is useful

Ugly C answer (unrolled for only one stack frame per power of 10):

#define f5(i) f(i);f(i+j);f(i+j*2);f(i+j*3);f(i+j*4)
void f10(void(*f)(int), int i, int j){f5(i);f5(i+j*5);}
void p1(int i){printf("%d,",i);}
#define px(x) void p##x##0(int i){f10(p##x, i, x);}
px(1); px(10); px(100);

void main()
{
  p1000(1);
}

The Answer 21

29 people think this answer is useful

Stack overflow:

#include <stdio.h>

static void print_line(int i)
{   
 printf("%d\n", i); 
 print_line(i+1);
}   

int main(int argc, char* argv[])
{   
 //get up near the stack limit
 char tmp[ 8388608 - 32 * 1000 - 196 * 32 ];
 print_line(1);
} 

This is for an 8MB stack. Each function invocation appears to take about 32 bytes (hence the 32 * 1000). But then when I ran it I only got to 804 (hence the 196 * 32; perhaps the C runtime has other parts in the stack that you have to deduct also).

The Answer 22

25 people think this answer is useful

Fun with function pointers (none of that new-fangled TMP needed):

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <limits.h>


#define MSB(typ) ((sizeof(typ) * CHAR_BIT) - 1)

void done(int x, int y);
void display(int x, int y);

void (*funcs[])(int,int)  = {
    done,
    display
};

void done(int x, int y)
{
    exit(0);
}

void display(int x, int limit)
{
    printf( "%d\n", x);
    funcs[(((unsigned int)(x-limit)) >> MSB(int)) &amp; 1](x+1, limit);
}


int main()
{
    display(1, 1000);
    return 0;
}

As a side note: I took the prohibition against conditionals to extend to logical and relational operators as well. If you allow logical negation, the recursive call can be simplified to:

funcs[!!(limit-1)](x+1, limit-1);

The Answer 23

24 people think this answer is useful

I feel this answer will be very simple and easy to understand.

int print1000(int num=1)
{
    printf("%d\n", num);

    // it will check first the num is less than 1000. 
    // If yes then call recursive function to print
    return num<1000 &amp;&amp; print1000(++num); 
}

int main()
{
    print1000();
    return 0;        
}

The Answer 24

23 people think this answer is useful

I missed all the fun, all the good C++ answers have already been posted !

This is the weirdest thing I could come up with, I wouldn’t bet it’s legal C99 though :p

#include <stdio.h>

int i = 1;
int main(int argc, char *argv[printf("%d\n", i++)])
{
  return (i <= 1000) &amp;&amp; main(argc, argv);
}


Another one, with a little cheating :

#include <stdio.h>
#include <boost/preprocessor.hpp>

#define ECHO_COUNT(z, n, unused) n+1
#define FORMAT_STRING(z, n, unused) "%d\n"

int main()
{
    printf(BOOST_PP_REPEAT(1000, FORMAT_STRING, ~), BOOST_PP_ENUM(LOOP_CNT, ECHO_COUNT, ~));
}


Last idea, same cheat :

#include <boost/preprocessor.hpp>
#include <iostream>

int main()
{
#define ECHO_COUNT(z, n, unused) BOOST_PP_STRINGIZE(BOOST_PP_INC(n))"\n"
    std::cout << BOOST_PP_REPEAT(1000, ECHO_COUNT, ~) << std::endl;
}

The Answer 25

22 people think this answer is useful

Easy as pie:

int main(int argc, char* argv[])
{
    printf(argv[0]);
}

method of execution:

printer.exe "1;2;3;4;5;6;7;8;9;10;11;12;13;14;15;16;17;18;19;20;21;22;23;24;25;26;27;28;29;30;31;32;33;34;35;36;37;38;39;40;41;42;43;44;45;46;47;48;49;50;51;52;53;54;55;56;57;58;59;60;61;62;63;64;65;66;67;68;69;70;71;72;73;74;75;76;77;78;79;80;81;82;83;84;85;86;87;88;89;90;91;92;93;94;95;96;97;98;99;100;101;102;103;104;105;106;107;108;109;110;111;112;113;114;115;116;117;118;119;120;121;122;123;124;125;126;127;128;129;130;131;132;133;134;135;136;137;138;139;140;141;142;143;144;145;146;147;148;149;150;151;152;153;154;155;156;157;158;159;160;161;162;163;164;165;166;167;168;169;170;171;172;173;174;175;176;177;178;179;180;181;182;183;184;185;186;187;188;189;190;191;192;193;194;195;196;197;198;199;200;201;202;203;204;205;206;207;208;209;210;211;212;213;214;215;216;217;218;219;220;221;222;223;224;225;226;227;228;229;230;231;232;233;234;235;236;237;238;239;240;241;242;243;244;245;246;247;248;249;250;251;252;253;254;255;256;257;258;259;260;261;262;263;264;265;266;267;268;269;270;271;272;273;274;275;276;277;278;279;280;281;282;283;284;285;286;287;288;289;290;291;292;293;294;295;296;297;298;299;300;301;302;303;304;305;306;307;308;309;310;311;312;313;314;315;316;317;318;319;320;321;322;323;324;325;326;327;328;329;330;331;332;333;334;335;336;337;338;339;340;341;342;343;344;345;346;347;348;349;350;351;352;353;354;355;356;357;358;359;360;361;362;363;364;365;366;367;368;369;370;371;372;373;374;375;376;377;378;379;380;381;382;383;384;385;386;387;388;389;390;391;392;393;394;395;396;397;398;399;400;401;402;403;404;405;406;407;408;409;410;411;412;413;414;415;416;417;418;419;420;421;422;423;424;425;426;427;428;429;430;431;432;433;434;435;436;437;438;439;440;441;442;443;444;445;446;447;448;449;450;451;452;453;454;455;456;457;458;459;460;461;462;463;464;465;466;467;468;469;470;471;472;473;474;475;476;477;478;479;480;481;482;483;484;485;486;487;488;489;490;491;492;493;494;495;496;497;498;499;500;501;502;503;504;505;506;507;508;509;510;511;512;513;514;515;516;517;518;519;520;521;522;523;524;525;526;527;528;529;530;531;532;533;534;535;536;537;538;539;540;541;542;543;544;545;546;547;548;549;550;551;552;553;554;555;556;557;558;559;560;561;562;563;564;565;566;567;568;569;570;571;572;573;574;575;576;577;578;579;580;581;582;583;584;585;586;587;588;589;590;591;592;593;594;595;596;597;598;599;600;601;602;603;604;605;606;607;608;609;610;611;612;613;614;615;616;617;618;619;620;621;622;623;624;625;626;627;628;629;630;631;632;633;634;635;636;637;638;639;640;641;642;643;644;645;646;647;648;649;650;651;652;653;654;655;656;657;658;659;660;661;662;663;664;665;666;667;668;669;670;671;672;673;674;675;676;677;678;679;680;681;682;683;684;685;686;687;688;689;690;691;692;693;694;695;696;697;698;699;700;701;702;703;704;705;706;707;708;709;710;711;712;713;714;715;716;717;718;719;720;721;722;723;724;725;726;727;728;729;730;731;732;733;734;735;736;737;738;739;740;741;742;743;744;745;746;747;748;749;750;751;752;753;754;755;756;757;758;759;760;761;762;763;764;765;766;767;768;769;770;771;772;773;774;775;776;777;778;779;780;781;782;783;784;785;786;787;788;789;790;791;792;793;794;795;796;797;798;799;800;801;802;803;804;805;806;807;808;809;810;811;812;813;814;815;816;817;818;819;820;821;822;823;824;825;826;827;828;829;830;831;832;833;834;835;836;837;838;839;840;841;842;843;844;845;846;847;848;849;850;851;852;853;854;855;856;857;858;859;860;861;862;863;864;865;866;867;868;869;870;871;872;873;874;875;876;877;878;879;880;881;882;883;884;885;886;887;888;889;890;891;892;893;894;895;896;897;898;899;900;901;902;903;904;905;906;907;908;909;910;911;912;913;914;915;916;917;918;919;920;921;922;923;924;925;926;927;928;929;930;931;932;933;934;935;936;937;938;939;940;941;942;943;944;945;946;947;948;949;950;951;952;953;954;955;956;957;958;959;960;961;962;963;964;965;966;967;968;969;970;971;972;973;974;975;976;977;978;979;980;981;982;983;984;985;986;987;988;989;990;991;992;993;994;995;996;997;998;999;1000"

The specification does not say that the sequence must be generated inside the code 🙂

The Answer 26

18 people think this answer is useful
#include <cstdlib>
#include <iostream>
#include <string>
using namespace std;

class Printer
{
public:
 Printer() { cout << ++i_ << "\n"; }
private:
 static unsigned i_;
};

unsigned Printer::i_ = 0;

int main()
{
 Printer p[1000];
}

The Answer 27

15 people think this answer is useful
#include <stdio.h>

void nothing(int);
void next(int);
void (*dispatch[2])(int) = {next, nothing};

void nothing(int x) { }
void next(int x)
{
    printf("%i\n", x);
    dispatch[x/1000](x+1);
}

int main()
{
    next(1);
    return 0;
}

The Answer 28

15 people think this answer is useful

More preprocessor abuse:

#include <stdio.h>

#define A1(x,y) #x #y "0\n" #x #y "1\n" #x #y "2\n" #x #y "3\n" #x #y "4\n" #x #y "5\n" #x #y "6\n" #x #y "7\n" #x #y "8\n" #x #y "9\n"
#define A2(x) A1(x,1) A1(x,2) A1(x,3) A1(x,4) A1(x,5) A1(x,6) A1(x,7) A1(x,8) A1(x,9)
#define A3(x) A1(x,0) A2(x)
#define A4 A3(1) A3(2) A3(3) A3(4) A3(5) A3(6) A3(7) A3(8) A3(9)
#define A5 "1\n2\n3\n4\n5\n6\n7\n8\n9\n" A2() A4 "1000\n"

int main(int argc, char *argv[]) {
    printf(A5);
    return 0;
}

I feel so dirty; I think I’ll go shower now.

The Answer 29

15 people think this answer is useful

If POSIX solutions are accepted:

#include <stdio.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <pthread.h>

static void die(int sig) {
    exit(0);
}

static void wakeup(int sig) {
    static int counter = 1;
    struct itimerval timer;
    float i = 1000 / (1000 - counter);

    printf("%d\n", counter++);

    timer.it_interval.tv_sec = 0;
    timer.it_interval.tv_usec = 0;
    timer.it_value.tv_sec = 0;
    timer.it_value.tv_usec = i; /* Avoid code elimination */
    setitimer(ITIMER_REAL, &amp;timer, 0);
}

int main() {
    pthread_mutex_t mutex = PTHREAD_MUTEX_INITIALIZER;
    signal(SIGFPE, die);
    signal(SIGALRM, wakeup);
    wakeup(0);
    pthread_mutex_lock(&amp;mutex);
    pthread_mutex_lock(&amp;mutex); /* Deadlock, YAY! */
    return 0;
}

The Answer 30

13 people think this answer is useful

Since there is no restriction on bugs..

int i=1; int main() { int j=i/(i-1001); printf("%d\n", i++); main(); }

Or even better(?),

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <signal.h>

int i=1;
int foo() { int j=i/(i-1001); printf("%d\n", i++); foo(); }

int main()
{
        signal(SIGFPE, exit);
        foo();
}

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