Get operating system info

问题内容:

I recently started wondering about sites like http://thismachine.info/ that get the user’s operating system info. I have not been able to find out how to do that with PHP, and wanted to try to figure it out.

I noticed that they list the user-agent, which gives lots of info about the browser. Do they get the operating system information from that, or from something else? Is there an API I could use to get the user’s operating system?

I see how they got the Browser and IP, but could not figure out the Operating System part!

问题评论:

    
As Amal Murali stated in his answer below, echo $_SERVER['HTTP_USER_AGENT']; will show (to a certain extent) the user’s operating system. For me, it detected Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 5.1; rv:22.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/22.0, where I am in fact using Windows XP, so it’s not an exact science.
    
As to how http://thismachine.info/ knows I’m using Windows XP? That I don’t know, however they must be using a script that will find and replace then echo it afterwards. To my knowledge, there is nothing that will determine the exact operating system, as I see this would fall under the securities domain.
    
I answered my own question. If you visit this answer on SO stackoverflow.com/a/15497878/1415724 you will notice how they echo Windows XP from the array /windows nt 5.1/i' => 'Windows XP',
    
@Fred-ii- Because Windows XP’s internal version number is 5.1. Wikipedia will tell you the internal version of all Windows releases.
    
PS: Windows Vista = 6.0, Windows 7 = 6.1, Windows 8 = 6.2, Windows 8.1 = 6.3, Windows 10 = 10.0. For a full list (and future Windows releases) see: msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms724832%28VS.85%29.aspx

答案:

答案1:

The code below could explain in its own right, how http://thismachine.info/ is able to show which operating system someone is using.

What it does is that, it sniffs your core operating system model, for example windows nt 5.1 as my own.

It then passes windows nt 5.1/i to Windows XP as the operating system.

Using: '/windows nt 5.1/i' => 'Windows XP', from an array.

You could say guesswork, or an approximation yet nonetheless pretty much bang on.

Borrowed from an answer on SO https://stackoverflow.com/a/15497878/

<?php

$user_agent     =   $_SERVER['HTTP_USER_AGENT'];

function getOS() { 

    global $user_agent;

    $os_platform    =   "Unknown OS Platform";

    $os_array       =   array(
                            '/windows nt 10/i'     =>  'Windows 10',
                            '/windows nt 6.3/i'     =>  'Windows 8.1',
                            '/windows nt 6.2/i'     =>  'Windows 8',
                            '/windows nt 6.1/i'     =>  'Windows 7',
                            '/windows nt 6.0/i'     =>  'Windows Vista',
                            '/windows nt 5.2/i'     =>  'Windows Server 2003/XP x64',
                            '/windows nt 5.1/i'     =>  'Windows XP',
                            '/windows xp/i'         =>  'Windows XP',
                            '/windows nt 5.0/i'     =>  'Windows 2000',
                            '/windows me/i'         =>  'Windows ME',
                            '/win98/i'              =>  'Windows 98',
                            '/win95/i'              =>  'Windows 95',
                            '/win16/i'              =>  'Windows 3.11',
                            '/macintosh|mac os x/i' =>  'Mac OS X',
                            '/mac_powerpc/i'        =>  'Mac OS 9',
                            '/linux/i'              =>  'Linux',
                            '/ubuntu/i'             =>  'Ubuntu',
                            '/iphone/i'             =>  'iPhone',
                            '/ipod/i'               =>  'iPod',
                            '/ipad/i'               =>  'iPad',
                            '/android/i'            =>  'Android',
                            '/blackberry/i'         =>  'BlackBerry',
                            '/webos/i'              =>  'Mobile'
                        );

    foreach ($os_array as $regex => $value) { 

        if (preg_match($regex, $user_agent)) {
            $os_platform    =   $value;
        }

    }   

    return $os_platform;

}

function getBrowser() {

    global $user_agent;

    $browser        =   "Unknown Browser";

    $browser_array  =   array(
                            '/msie/i'       =>  'Internet Explorer',
                            '/firefox/i'    =>  'Firefox',
                            '/safari/i'     =>  'Safari',
                            '/chrome/i'     =>  'Chrome',
                            '/edge/i'       =>  'Edge',
                            '/opera/i'      =>  'Opera',
                            '/netscape/i'   =>  'Netscape',
                            '/maxthon/i'    =>  'Maxthon',
                            '/konqueror/i'  =>  'Konqueror',
                            '/mobile/i'     =>  'Handheld Browser'
                        );

    foreach ($browser_array as $regex => $value) { 

        if (preg_match($regex, $user_agent)) {
            $browser    =   $value;
        }

    }

    return $browser;

}


$user_os        =   getOS();
$user_browser   =   getBrowser();

$device_details =   "<strong>Browser: </strong>".$user_browser."<br /><strong>Operating System: </strong>".$user_os."";

print_r($device_details);

echo("<br /><br /><br />".$_SERVER['HTTP_USER_AGENT']."");

?>

Footnotes:
(Jan. 19/14) There was a suggested edit on Jan. 18, 2014 to add /msie|trident/i by YJSoft a new member on SO.

The comment read as:

Comment: because msie11’s ua doesn’t include msie (it includes trident instead)

I researched this for a bit, and found a few links explaining the Trident string.

Although the edit was rejected (not by myself, but by some of the other editors), it’s worth reading up on the links above, and to use your proper judgement.


As per a question asked about detecting SUSE, have found this piece of code at the following URL:

Additional code:

/* return Operating System */
    function operating_system_detection(){
    if ( isset( $_SERVER ) ) {
    $agent = $_SERVER['HTTP_USER_AGENT'] ;
    }
    else {
    global $HTTP_SERVER_VARS ;
    if ( isset( $HTTP_SERVER_VARS ) ) {
    $agent = $HTTP_SERVER_VARS['HTTP_USER_AGENT'] ;
    }
    else {
    global $HTTP_USER_AGENT ;
    $agent = $HTTP_USER_AGENT ;
    }
    }
    $ros[] = array('Windows XP', 'Windows XP');
    $ros[] = array('Windows NT 5.1|Windows NT5.1)', 'Windows XP');
    $ros[] = array('Windows 2000', 'Windows 2000');
    $ros[] = array('Windows NT 5.0', 'Windows 2000');
    $ros[] = array('Windows NT 4.0|WinNT4.0', 'Windows NT');
    $ros[] = array('Windows NT 5.2', 'Windows Server 2003');
    $ros[] = array('Windows NT 6.0', 'Windows Vista');
    $ros[] = array('Windows NT 7.0', 'Windows 7');
    $ros[] = array('Windows CE', 'Windows CE');
    $ros[] = array('(media center pc).([0-9]{1,2}\.[0-9]{1,2})', 'Windows Media Center');
    $ros[] = array('(win)([0-9]{1,2}\.[0-9x]{1,2})', 'Windows');
    $ros[] = array('(win)([0-9]{2})', 'Windows');
    $ros[] = array('(windows)([0-9x]{2})', 'Windows');
    // Doesn't seem like these are necessary...not totally sure though..
    //$ros[] = array('(winnt)([0-9]{1,2}\.[0-9]{1,2}){0,1}', 'Windows NT');
    //$ros[] = array('(windows nt)(([0-9]{1,2}\.[0-9]{1,2}){0,1})', 'Windows NT'); // fix by bg
    $ros[] = array('Windows ME', 'Windows ME');
    $ros[] = array('Win 9x 4.90', 'Windows ME');
    $ros[] = array('Windows 98|Win98', 'Windows 98');
    $ros[] = array('Windows 95', 'Windows 95');
    $ros[] = array('(windows)([0-9]{1,2}\.[0-9]{1,2})', 'Windows');
    $ros[] = array('win32', 'Windows');
    $ros[] = array('(java)([0-9]{1,2}\.[0-9]{1,2}\.[0-9]{1,2})', 'Java');
    $ros[] = array('(Solaris)([0-9]{1,2}\.[0-9x]{1,2}){0,1}', 'Solaris');
    $ros[] = array('dos x86', 'DOS');
    $ros[] = array('unix', 'Unix');
    $ros[] = array('Mac OS X', 'Mac OS X');
    $ros[] = array('Mac_PowerPC', 'Macintosh PowerPC');
    $ros[] = array('(mac|Macintosh)', 'Mac OS');
    $ros[] = array('(sunos)([0-9]{1,2}\.[0-9]{1,2}){0,1}', 'SunOS');
    $ros[] = array('(beos)([0-9]{1,2}\.[0-9]{1,2}){0,1}', 'BeOS');
    $ros[] = array('(risc os)([0-9]{1,2}\.[0-9]{1,2})', 'RISC OS');
    $ros[] = array('os/2', 'OS/2');
    $ros[] = array('freebsd', 'FreeBSD');
    $ros[] = array('openbsd', 'OpenBSD');
    $ros[] = array('netbsd', 'NetBSD');
    $ros[] = array('irix', 'IRIX');
    $ros[] = array('plan9', 'Plan9');
    $ros[] = array('osf', 'OSF');
    $ros[] = array('aix', 'AIX');
    $ros[] = array('GNU Hurd', 'GNU Hurd');
    $ros[] = array('(fedora)', 'Linux - Fedora');
    $ros[] = array('(kubuntu)', 'Linux - Kubuntu');
    $ros[] = array('(ubuntu)', 'Linux - Ubuntu');
    $ros[] = array('(debian)', 'Linux - Debian');
    $ros[] = array('(CentOS)', 'Linux - CentOS');
    $ros[] = array('(Mandriva).([0-9]{1,3}(\.[0-9]{1,3})?(\.[0-9]{1,3})?)', 'Linux - Mandriva');
    $ros[] = array('(SUSE).([0-9]{1,3}(\.[0-9]{1,3})?(\.[0-9]{1,3})?)', 'Linux - SUSE');
    $ros[] = array('(Dropline)', 'Linux - Slackware (Dropline GNOME)');
    $ros[] = array('(ASPLinux)', 'Linux - ASPLinux');
    $ros[] = array('(Red Hat)', 'Linux - Red Hat');
    // Loads of Linux machines will be detected as unix.
    // Actually, all of the linux machines I've checked have the 'X11' in the User Agent.
    //$ros[] = array('X11', 'Unix');
    $ros[] = array('(linux)', 'Linux');
    $ros[] = array('(amigaos)([0-9]{1,2}\.[0-9]{1,2})', 'AmigaOS');
    $ros[] = array('amiga-aweb', 'AmigaOS');
    $ros[] = array('amiga', 'Amiga');
    $ros[] = array('AvantGo', 'PalmOS');
    //$ros[] = array('(Linux)([0-9]{1,2}\.[0-9]{1,2}\.[0-9]{1,3}(rel\.[0-9]{1,2}){0,1}-([0-9]{1,2}) i([0-9]{1})86){1}', 'Linux');
    //$ros[] = array('(Linux)([0-9]{1,2}\.[0-9]{1,2}\.[0-9]{1,3}(rel\.[0-9]{1,2}){0,1} i([0-9]{1}86)){1}', 'Linux');
    //$ros[] = array('(Linux)([0-9]{1,2}\.[0-9]{1,2}\.[0-9]{1,3}(rel\.[0-9]{1,2}){0,1})', 'Linux');
    $ros[] = array('[0-9]{1,2}\.[0-9]{1,2}\.[0-9]{1,3})', 'Linux');
    $ros[] = array('(webtv)/([0-9]{1,2}\.[0-9]{1,2})', 'WebTV');
    $ros[] = array('Dreamcast', 'Dreamcast OS');
    $ros[] = array('GetRight', 'Windows');
    $ros[] = array('go!zilla', 'Windows');
    $ros[] = array('gozilla', 'Windows');
    $ros[] = array('gulliver', 'Windows');
    $ros[] = array('ia archiver', 'Windows');
    $ros[] = array('NetPositive', 'Windows');
    $ros[] = array('mass downloader', 'Windows');
    $ros[] = array('microsoft', 'Windows');
    $ros[] = array('offline explorer', 'Windows');
    $ros[] = array('teleport', 'Windows');
    $ros[] = array('web downloader', 'Windows');
    $ros[] = array('webcapture', 'Windows');
    $ros[] = array('webcollage', 'Windows');
    $ros[] = array('webcopier', 'Windows');
    $ros[] = array('webstripper', 'Windows');
    $ros[] = array('webzip', 'Windows');
    $ros[] = array('wget', 'Windows');
    $ros[] = array('Java', 'Unknown');
    $ros[] = array('flashget', 'Windows');
    // delete next line if the script show not the right OS
    //$ros[] = array('(PHP)/([0-9]{1,2}.[0-9]{1,2})', 'PHP');
    $ros[] = array('MS FrontPage', 'Windows');
    $ros[] = array('(msproxy)/([0-9]{1,2}.[0-9]{1,2})', 'Windows');
    $ros[] = array('(msie)([0-9]{1,2}.[0-9]{1,2})', 'Windows');
    $ros[] = array('libwww-perl', 'Unix');
    $ros[] = array('UP.Browser', 'Windows CE');
    $ros[] = array('NetAnts', 'Windows');
    $file = count ( $ros );
    $os = '';
    for ( $n=0 ; $n<$file ; $n++ ){
    if ( preg_match('/'.$ros[$n][0].'/i' , $agent, $name)){
    $os = @$ros[$n][1].' '.@$name[2];
    break;
    }
    }
    return trim ( $os );
    }

Edit: April 12, 2015

I noticed a question yesterday that could be relevant to this Q&A and may be helpful for some. In regards to:

Mozilla/5.0 (Linux; Android 4.4.2; SAMSUNG-GT-I9505 Build/KOT49H) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/41.0.2272.96 Mobile Safari/537.36


Another edit, and adding a reference link that was asked (and answered/accepted today, Nov. 4/16) which may be of use.

Consult the Q&A here on Stack:

答案评论:

    
What about Windows 8.1 ?
3  
I found it. '/windows nt 6.3/i' is for Windows 8.1
1  
I found a few links, some with relevant info. zytrax.com/tech/web/firefox-history.html gist.github.com/erikng/7140045 hints.macworld.com/article.php?story=20091228114759199 It’s worth noting that in OS X 10.9 Mavericks, Safari uses com.apple.Webkit.Networking as User Agent when requesting proxy auto configuration. This after Googling "mavericks HTTP_USER_AGENT" @ben_aaron
2  
I’m a man of my words too 🙂 awesome answer here.
1  
Any way to determine suse?

答案2:

When you go to a website, your browser sends a request to the web server including a lot of information. This information might look something like this:

GET /questions/18070154/get-operating-system-info-with-php HTTP/1.1  
Host: stackoverflow.com  
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10_8_4) AppleWebKit/537.36 
            (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/28.0.1500.95 Safari/537.36 
Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8  
Accept-Language: en-us,en;q=0.5  
Accept-Encoding: gzip,deflate,sdch  
Accept-Charset: ISO-8859-1,utf-8;q=0.7,*;q=0.7  
Keep-Alive: 300  
Connection: keep-alive  
Cookie: <cookie data removed> 
Pragma: no-cache  
Cache-Control: no-cache

These information are all used by the web server to determine how to handle the request; the preferred language and whether compression is allowed.

In PHP, all this information is stored in the $_SERVER array. To see what you’re sending to a web server, create a new PHP file and print out everything from the array.

<pre><?php print_r($_SERVER); ?></pre>

This will give you a nice representation of everything that’s being sent to the server, from where you can extract the desired information, e.g. $_SERVER['HTTP_USER_AGENT'] to get the operating system and browser.

答案评论:

3  
To make this more readable, I usually do echo “<PRE>”; print_r($_SERVER); echo “</PRE>”; This is personal preference but it helps me read big arrays, and this IS a big array.
2  
@smcjones: you’d better do: echo ‘<pre>’.print_r($_SERVER, true).'</pre>’; it is cleaner like that 🙂

答案3:

If you want to get all those information, you might want to read this:

http://php.net/manual/en/function.get-browser.php

You can run the sample code and you’ll see how it works:

<?php
echo $_SERVER['HTTP_USER_AGENT'] . "\n\n";

$browser = get_browser(null, true);
print_r($browser);
?>

The above example will output something similar to:

Mozilla/5.0 (Windows; U; Windows NT 5.1; en-US; rv:1.7) Gecko/20040803 Firefox/0.9.3

Array
(
    [browser_name_regex] => ^mozilla/5\.0 (windows; .; windows nt 5\.1; .*rv:.*) gecko/.* firefox/0\.9.*$
    [browser_name_pattern] => Mozilla/5.0 (Windows; ?; Windows NT 5.1; *rv:*) Gecko/* Firefox/0.9*
    [parent] => Firefox 0.9
    [platform] => WinXP
    [browser] => Firefox
    [version] => 0.9
    [majorver] => 0
    [minorver] => 9
    [cssversion] => 2
    [frames] => 1
    [iframes] => 1
    [tables] => 1
    [cookies] => 1
    [backgroundsounds] =>
    [vbscript] =>
     => 1
    [javaapplets] => 1
    [activexcontrols] =>
    [cdf] =>
    [aol] =>
    [beta] => 1
    [win16] =>
    [crawler] =>
    [stripper] =>
    [wap] =>
    [netclr] =>
)

答案评论:

答案4:

Took the following code from php manual for get_browser.

$browser = get_browser(null, true);
print_r($browser);

The $browser array has platform information included which gives you the specific Operating System in use.

Please make sure to see the “Notes” section in that page. This might be something (thismachine.info) is using if not something already pointed in other answers.

答案评论:

答案5:

Based on the answer by Fred-II I wanted to share my take on the getOS function, it avoids globals, merges both lists and detects the architecture (x32/x64)

/**
 * @param $user_agent null
 * @return string
 */
function getOS($user_agent = null)
{
    if(!isset($user_agent) && isset($_SERVER['HTTP_USER_AGENT'])) {
        $user_agent = $_SERVER['HTTP_USER_AGENT'];
    }

    // https://stackoverflow.com/questions/18070154/get-operating-system-info-with-php
    $os_array = [
        'windows nt 10'                              =>  'Windows 10',
        'windows nt 6.3'                             =>  'Windows 8.1',
        'windows nt 6.2'                             =>  'Windows 8',
        'windows nt 6.1|windows nt 7.0'              =>  'Windows 7',
        'windows nt 6.0'                             =>  'Windows Vista',
        'windows nt 5.2'                             =>  'Windows Server 2003/XP x64',
        'windows nt 5.1'                             =>  'Windows XP',
        'windows xp'                                 =>  'Windows XP',
        'windows nt 5.0|windows nt5.1|windows 2000'  =>  'Windows 2000',
        'windows me'                                 =>  'Windows ME',
        'windows nt 4.0|winnt4.0'                    =>  'Windows NT',
        'windows ce'                                 =>  'Windows CE',
        'windows 98|win98'                           =>  'Windows 98',
        'windows 95|win95'                           =>  'Windows 95',
        'win16'                                      =>  'Windows 3.11',
        'mac os x 10.1[^0-9]'                        =>  'Mac OS X Puma',
        'macintosh|mac os x'                         =>  'Mac OS X',
        'mac_powerpc'                                =>  'Mac OS 9',
        'linux'                                      =>  'Linux',
        'ubuntu'                                     =>  'Linux - Ubuntu',
        'iphone'                                     =>  'iPhone',
        'ipod'                                       =>  'iPod',
        'ipad'                                       =>  'iPad',
        'android'                                    =>  'Android',
        'blackberry'                                 =>  'BlackBerry',
        'webos'                                      =>  'Mobile',

        '(media center pc).([0-9]{1,2}\.[0-9]{1,2})'=>'Windows Media Center',
        '(win)([0-9]{1,2}\.[0-9x]{1,2})'=>'Windows',
        '(win)([0-9]{2})'=>'Windows',
        '(windows)([0-9x]{2})'=>'Windows',

        // Doesn't seem like these are necessary...not totally sure though..
        //'(winnt)([0-9]{1,2}\.[0-9]{1,2}){0,1}'=>'Windows NT',
        //'(windows nt)(([0-9]{1,2}\.[0-9]{1,2}){0,1})'=>'Windows NT', // fix by bg

        'Win 9x 4.90'=>'Windows ME',
        '(windows)([0-9]{1,2}\.[0-9]{1,2})'=>'Windows',
        'win32'=>'Windows',
        '(java)([0-9]{1,2}\.[0-9]{1,2}\.[0-9]{1,2})'=>'Java',
        '(Solaris)([0-9]{1,2}\.[0-9x]{1,2}){0,1}'=>'Solaris',
        'dos x86'=>'DOS',
        'Mac OS X'=>'Mac OS X',
        'Mac_PowerPC'=>'Macintosh PowerPC',
        '(mac|Macintosh)'=>'Mac OS',
        '(sunos)([0-9]{1,2}\.[0-9]{1,2}){0,1}'=>'SunOS',
        '(beos)([0-9]{1,2}\.[0-9]{1,2}){0,1}'=>'BeOS',
        '(risc os)([0-9]{1,2}\.[0-9]{1,2})'=>'RISC OS',
        'unix'=>'Unix',
        'os/2'=>'OS/2',
        'freebsd'=>'FreeBSD',
        'openbsd'=>'OpenBSD',
        'netbsd'=>'NetBSD',
        'irix'=>'IRIX',
        'plan9'=>'Plan9',
        'osf'=>'OSF',
        'aix'=>'AIX',
        'GNU Hurd'=>'GNU Hurd',
        '(fedora)'=>'Linux - Fedora',
        '(kubuntu)'=>'Linux - Kubuntu',
        '(ubuntu)'=>'Linux - Ubuntu',
        '(debian)'=>'Linux - Debian',
        '(CentOS)'=>'Linux - CentOS',
        '(Mandriva).([0-9]{1,3}(\.[0-9]{1,3})?(\.[0-9]{1,3})?)'=>'Linux - Mandriva',
        '(SUSE).([0-9]{1,3}(\.[0-9]{1,3})?(\.[0-9]{1,3})?)'=>'Linux - SUSE',
        '(Dropline)'=>'Linux - Slackware (Dropline GNOME)',
        '(ASPLinux)'=>'Linux - ASPLinux',
        '(Red Hat)'=>'Linux - Red Hat',
        // Loads of Linux machines will be detected as unix.
        // Actually, all of the linux machines I've checked have the 'X11' in the User Agent.
        //'X11'=>'Unix',
        '(linux)'=>'Linux',
        '(amigaos)([0-9]{1,2}\.[0-9]{1,2})'=>'AmigaOS',
        'amiga-aweb'=>'AmigaOS',
        'amiga'=>'Amiga',
        'AvantGo'=>'PalmOS',
        //'(Linux)([0-9]{1,2}\.[0-9]{1,2}\.[0-9]{1,3}(rel\.[0-9]{1,2}){0,1}-([0-9]{1,2}) i([0-9]{1})86){1}'=>'Linux',
        //'(Linux)([0-9]{1,2}\.[0-9]{1,2}\.[0-9]{1,3}(rel\.[0-9]{1,2}){0,1} i([0-9]{1}86)){1}'=>'Linux',
        //'(Linux)([0-9]{1,2}\.[0-9]{1,2}\.[0-9]{1,3}(rel\.[0-9]{1,2}){0,1})'=>'Linux',
        '[0-9]{1,2}\.[0-9]{1,2}\.[0-9]{1,3})'=>'Linux',
        '(webtv)/([0-9]{1,2}\.[0-9]{1,2})'=>'WebTV',
        'Dreamcast'=>'Dreamcast OS',
        'GetRight'=>'Windows',
        'go!zilla'=>'Windows',
        'gozilla'=>'Windows',
        'gulliver'=>'Windows',
        'ia archiver'=>'Windows',
        'NetPositive'=>'Windows',
        'mass downloader'=>'Windows',
        'microsoft'=>'Windows',
        'offline explorer'=>'Windows',
        'teleport'=>'Windows',
        'web downloader'=>'Windows',
        'webcapture'=>'Windows',
        'webcollage'=>'Windows',
        'webcopier'=>'Windows',
        'webstripper'=>'Windows',
        'webzip'=>'Windows',
        'wget'=>'Windows',
        'Java'=>'Unknown',
        'flashget'=>'Windows',

        // delete next line if the script show not the right OS
        //'(PHP)/([0-9]{1,2}.[0-9]{1,2})'=>'PHP',
        'MS FrontPage'=>'Windows',
        '(msproxy)/([0-9]{1,2}.[0-9]{1,2})'=>'Windows',
        '(msie)([0-9]{1,2}.[0-9]{1,2})'=>'Windows',
        'libwww-perl'=>'Unix',
        'UP.Browser'=>'Windows CE',
        'NetAnts'=>'Windows',
    ];

    // https://github.com/ahmad-sa3d/php-useragent/blob/master/core/user_agent.php
    $arch_regex = '/\b(x86_64|x86-64|Win64|WOW64|x64|ia64|amd64|ppc64|sparc64|IRIX64)\b/ix';
    $arch = preg_match($arch_regex, $user_agent) ? '64' : '32';

    foreach ($os_array as $regex => $value) {
        if (preg_match('{\b('.$regex.')\b}i', $user_agent)) {
            return $value.' x'.$arch;
        }
    }

    return 'Unknown';
}

答案评论:

2  
Thanks for your input! This solution, as it is newer, may be helpful for people in specific cases that may not have existed back when this question was answered.
– pattyd
Sep 17 at 5:35

答案6:

You can look for this information in $_SERVER['HTTP_USER_AGENT'], but its format is free-form, not guaranteed to be sent, and could easily be altered by the user, whether for privacy or other reasons.

If you’ve not set the browsecap directive, this will return a warning. To make sure it’s set, you can retrieve the value using ini_get and see if it’s set.

if(ini_get("browscap")) {
    $browser = get_browser(null, true);
    $browser = get_browser($_SERVER['HTTP_USER_AGENT']);  
} 

As kba explained in his answer, your browser sends a lot of information to the server while loading a webpage. Most websites use these User-agent information to determine the visitor’s operating system, browser and various information.

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答案7:

If you want very few info like a class in your html for common browsers for instance, you could use:

function get_browser()
{
    $browser = '';
    $ua = strtolower($_SERVER['HTTP_USER_AGENT']);
    if (preg_match('~(?:msie ?|trident.+?; ?rv: ?)(\d+)~', $ua, $matches)) $browser = 'ie ie'.$matches[1];
    elseif (preg_match('~(safari|chrome|firefox)~', $ua, $matches)) $browser = $matches[1];

    return $browser;
}

which will return ‘safari’ or ‘firefox’ or ‘chrome’, or ‘ie ie8’, ‘ie ie9’, ‘ie ie10’, ‘ie ie11’.

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原文地址:

https://stackoverflow.com/questions/47756465/php-get-operating-system-of-visitor-without-using-user-agent

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