java – Create ArrayList from array

The Question :

3685 people think this question is useful

I have an array that is initialized like:

Element[] array = {new Element(1), new Element(2), new Element(3)};

I would like to convert this array into an object of the ArrayList class.

ArrayList<Element> arraylist = ???;

The Question Comments :
  • In Java9 –> List<String> list = List.of(“Hello”, “World”, “from”, “Java”);
  • @MarekM This answer is wrong, as this doesn’t return an ArrayList. The Poster asked specifically for that.
  • I think he didn’t mine using List interface, because it is best practice. But if you want here is – new ArrayList<>(List.of(“Hello”, “World”, “from”, “Java”));
  • The point is not about using the interface, the point is that in your solution, the returned list is unmodifiable. That might be more of a problem, and a reason why he asked for an ArrayList

The Answer 1

4702 people think this answer is useful
new ArrayList<>(Arrays.asList(array));

The Answer 2

940 people think this answer is useful

Given:

Element[] array = new Element[] { new Element(1), new Element(2), new Element(3) };

The simplest answer is to do:

List<Element> list = Arrays.asList(array);

This will work fine. But some caveats:

  1. The list returned from asList has fixed size. So, if you want to be able to add or remove elements from the returned list in your code, you’ll need to wrap it in a new ArrayList. Otherwise you’ll get an UnsupportedOperationException.
  2. The list returned from asList() is backed by the original array. If you modify the original array, the list will be modified as well. This may be surprising.

The Answer 3

361 people think this answer is useful

(old thread, but just 2 cents as none mention Guava or other libs and some other details)

If You Can, Use Guava

It’s worth pointing out the Guava way, which greatly simplifies these shenanigans:

Usage

For an Immutable List

Use the ImmutableList class and its of() and copyOf() factory methods (elements can’t be null):

List<String> il = ImmutableList.of("string", "elements");  // from varargs
List<String> il = ImmutableList.copyOf(aStringArray);      // from array

For A Mutable List

Use the Lists class and its newArrayList() factory methods:

List<String> l1 = Lists.newArrayList(anotherListOrCollection);    // from collection
List<String> l2 = Lists.newArrayList(aStringArray);               // from array
List<String> l3 = Lists.newArrayList("or", "string", "elements"); // from varargs

Please also note the similar methods for other data structures in other classes, for instance in Sets.

Why Guava?

The main attraction could be to reduce the clutter due to generics for type-safety, as the use of the Guava factory methods allow the types to be inferred most of the time. However, this argument holds less water since Java 7 arrived with the new diamond operator.

But it’s not the only reason (and Java 7 isn’t everywhere yet): the shorthand syntax is also very handy, and the methods initializers, as seen above, allow to write more expressive code. You do in one Guava call what takes 2 with the current Java Collections.


If You Can’t…

For an Immutable List

Use the JDK’s Arrays class and its asList() factory method, wrapped with a Collections.unmodifiableList():

List<String> l1 = Collections.unmodifiableList(Arrays.asList(anArrayOfElements));
List<String> l2 = Collections.unmodifiableList(Arrays.asList("element1", "element2"));

Note that the returned type for asList() is a List using a concrete ArrayList implementation, but it is NOT java.util.ArrayList. It’s an inner type, which emulates an ArrayList but actually directly references the passed array and makes it “write through” (modifications are reflected in the array).

It forbids modifications through some of the List API’s methods by way of simply extending an AbstractList (so, adding or removing elements is unsupported), however it allows calls to set() to override elements. Thus this list isn’t truly immutable and a call to asList() should be wrapped with Collections.unmodifiableList().

See the next step if you need a mutable list.

For a Mutable List

Same as above, but wrapped with an actual java.util.ArrayList:

List<String> l1  = new ArrayList<String>(Arrays.asList(array));    // Java 1.5 to 1.6
List<String> l1b = new ArrayList<>(Arrays.asList(array));          // Java 1.7+
List<String> l2  = new ArrayList<String>(Arrays.asList("a", "b")); // Java 1.5 to 1.6
List<String> l2b = new ArrayList<>(Arrays.asList("a", "b"));       // Java 1.7+


For Educational Purposes: The Good ol’ Manual Way

// for Java 1.5+
static <T> List<T> arrayToList(final T[] array) {
  final List<T> l = new ArrayList<T>(array.length);

  for (final T s : array) {
    l.add(s);
  }
  return (l);
}

// for Java < 1.5 (no generics, no compile-time type-safety, boo!)
static List arrayToList(final Object[] array) {
  final List l = new ArrayList(array.length);

  for (int i = 0; i < array.length; i++) {
    l.add(array[i]);
  }
  return (l);
}

The Answer 4

240 people think this answer is useful

Since this question is pretty old, it surprises me that nobody suggested the simplest form yet:

List<Element> arraylist = Arrays.asList(new Element(1), new Element(2), new Element(3));

As of Java 5, Arrays.asList() takes a varargs parameter and you don’t have to construct the array explicitly.

The Answer 5

214 people think this answer is useful
new ArrayList<T>(Arrays.asList(myArray));

Make sure that myArray is the same type as T. You’ll get a compiler error if you try to create a List<Integer> from an array of int, for example.

The Answer 6

106 people think this answer is useful

Another way (although essentially equivalent to the new ArrayList(Arrays.asList(array)) solution performance-wise:

Collections.addAll(arraylist, array);

The Answer 7

100 people think this answer is useful

Java 9

In Java 9, you can use List.of static factory method in order to create a List literal. Something like the following:

List<Element> elements = List.of(new Element(1), new Element(2), new Element(3));

This would return an immutable list containing three elements. If you want a mutable list, pass that list to the ArrayList constructor:

new ArrayList<>(List.of(// elements vararg))


JEP 269: Convenience Factory Methods for Collections

JEP 269 provides some convenience factory methods for Java Collections API. These immutable static factory methods are built into the List, Set, and Map interfaces in Java 9 and later.

The Answer 8

86 people think this answer is useful

You probably just need a List, not an ArrayList. In that case you can just do:

List<Element> arraylist = Arrays.asList(array);

The Answer 9

72 people think this answer is useful

Another update, almost ending year 2014, you can do it with Java 8 too:

ArrayList<Element> arrayList = Stream.of(myArray).collect(Collectors.toCollection(ArrayList::new));

A few characters would be saved, if this could be just a List

List<Element> list = Stream.of(myArray).collect(Collectors.toList());

The Answer 10

45 people think this answer is useful

If you use :

new ArrayList<T>(Arrays.asList(myArray));

you may create and fill two lists ! Filling twice a big list is exactly what you don’t want to do because it will create another Object[] array each time the capacity needs to be extended.

Fortunately the JDK implementation is fast and Arrays.asList(a[]) is very well done. It create a kind of ArrayList named Arrays.ArrayList where the Object[] data points directly to the array.

// in Arrays
@SafeVarargs
public static <T> List<T> asList(T... a) {
    return new ArrayList<>(a);
}
//still in Arrays, creating a private unseen class
private static class ArrayList<E>

    private final E[] a;    
    ArrayList(E[] array) {
        a = array; // you point to the previous array
    }
    ....
}

The dangerous side is that if you change the initial array, you change the List ! Are you sure you want that ? Maybe yes, maybe not.

If not, the most understandable way is to do this :

ArrayList<Element> list = new ArrayList<Element>(myArray.length); // you know the initial capacity
for (Element element : myArray) {
    list.add(element);
}

Or as said @glglgl, you can create another independant ArrayList with :

new ArrayList<T>(Arrays.asList(myArray));

I love to use Collections, Arrays, or Guava. But if it don’t fit, or you don’t feel it, just write another inelegant line instead.

The Answer 11

39 people think this answer is useful

In Java 9 you can use:

List<String> list = List.of("Hello", "World", "from", "Java");
List<Integer> list = List.of(1, 2, 3, 4, 5);

The Answer 12

35 people think this answer is useful

According with the question the answer using java 1.7 is:

ArrayList<Element> arraylist = new ArrayList<Element>(Arrays.<Element>asList(array));

However it’s better always use the interface:

List<Element> arraylist = Arrays.<Element>asList(array);

The Answer 13

32 people think this answer is useful
// Guava
import com.google.common.collect.ListsLists
...
List<String> list = Lists.newArrayList(aStringArray); 

The Answer 14

24 people think this answer is useful

You can convert using different methods

  1. List<Element> list = Arrays.asList(array);

  2. List<Element> list = new ArrayList();
    Collections.addAll(list, array);

  3. Arraylist list = new Arraylist();
    list.addAll(Arrays.asList(array));

For more detail you can refer to http://javarevisited.blogspot.in/2011/06/converting-array-to-arraylist-in-java.html

The Answer 15

24 people think this answer is useful

Since Java 8 there is an easier way to transform:

import java.util.List;    
import static java.util.stream.Collectors.toList;

public static <T> List<T> fromArray(T[] array) {
    return Arrays.stream(array).collect(toList());
}

The Answer 16

23 people think this answer is useful

as all said this will do so

 new ArrayList<>(Arrays.asList("1","2","3","4"));

and the common newest way to create array is observableArrays

ObservableList: A list that allows listeners to track changes when they occur.

for Java SE you can try

FXCollections.observableArrayList(new Element(1), new Element(2), new Element(3));

that is according to Oracle Docs

observableArrayList() Creates a new empty observable list that is backed by an arraylist. observableArrayList(E… items) Creates a new observable array list with items added to it.

Update Java 9

also in Java 9 it’s a little bit easy:

List<String> list = List.of("element 1", "element 2", "element 3");

The Answer 17

21 people think this answer is useful

You also can do it with stream in Java 8.

 List<Element> elements = Arrays.stream(array).collect(Collectors.toList()); 

The Answer 18

16 people think this answer is useful
  1. If we see the definition of Arrays.asList() method you will get something like this:

     public static <T> List<T> asList(T... a) //varargs are of T type. 
    
    

    So, you might initialize arraylist like this:

     List<Element> arraylist = Arrays.asList(new Element(1), new Element(2), new Element(3));
    
    

    Note : each new Element(int args) will be treated as Individual Object and can be passed as a var-args.

  2. There might be another answer for this question too.
    If you see declaration for java.util.Collections.addAll() method you will get something like this:

    public static <T> boolean addAll(Collection<? super T> c, T... a);
    
    

    So, this code is also useful to do so

    Collections.addAll(arraylist, array);
    
    

The Answer 19

11 people think this answer is useful

Another simple way is to add all elements from the array to a new ArrayList using a for-each loop.

ArrayList<Element> list = new ArrayList<>();

for(Element e : array)
    list.add(e);

The Answer 20

10 people think this answer is useful

If the array is of a primitive type, the given answers won’t work. But since Java 8 you can use:

int[] array = new int[5];
Arrays.stream(array).boxed().collect(Collectors.toList());

The Answer 21

9 people think this answer is useful

You can do it in java 8 as follows

ArrayList<Element> list = (ArrayList<Element>)Arrays.stream(array).collect(Collectors.toList());

The Answer 22

8 people think this answer is useful

Even though there are many perfectly written answers to this question, I will add my inputs.

Say you have Element[] array = { new Element(1), new Element(2), new Element(3) };

New ArrayList can be created in the following ways

ArrayList<Element> arraylist_1 = new ArrayList<>(Arrays.asList(array));
ArrayList<Element> arraylist_2 = new ArrayList<>(
    Arrays.asList(new Element[] { new Element(1), new Element(2), new Element(3) }));

// Add through a collection
ArrayList<Element> arraylist_3 = new ArrayList<>();
Collections.addAll(arraylist_3, array);

And they very well support all operations of ArrayList

arraylist_1.add(new Element(4)); // or remove(): Success
arraylist_2.add(new Element(4)); // or remove(): Success
arraylist_3.add(new Element(4)); // or remove(): Success

But the following operations returns just a List view of an ArrayList and not actual ArrayList.

// Returns a List view of array and not actual ArrayList
List<Element> listView_1 = (List<Element>) Arrays.asList(array);
List<Element> listView_2 = Arrays.asList(array);
List<Element> listView_3 = Arrays.asList(new Element(1), new Element(2), new Element(3));

Therefore, they will give error when trying to make some ArrayList operations

listView_1.add(new Element(4)); // Error
listView_2.add(new Element(4)); // Error
listView_3.add(new Element(4)); // Error

More on List representation of array link.

The Answer 23

8 people think this answer is useful

Simplest way to do so is by adding following code. Tried and Tested.

String[] Array1={"one","two","three"};
ArrayList<String> s1= new ArrayList<String>(Arrays.asList(Array1));

The Answer 24

8 people think this answer is useful

Another Java8 solution (I may have missed the answer among the large set. If so, my apologies). This creates an ArrayList (as opposed to a List) i.e. one can delete elements

package package org.something.util;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.stream.Collectors;

public class Junk {

    static <T> ArrayList<T>  arrToArrayList(T[] arr){
        return Arrays.asList(arr)
            .stream()
            .collect(Collectors.toCollection(ArrayList::new));
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        String[] sArr = new String[]{"Hello", "cruel", "world"};
        List<String> ret = arrToArrayList(sArr);
        // Verify one can remove an item and print list to verify so
        ret.remove(1);
        ret.stream()
            .forEach(System.out::println);
    }
}

Output is…
Hello
world

The Answer 25

8 people think this answer is useful

We can easily convert an array to ArrayList. We use Collection interface’s addAll() method for the purpose of copying content from one list to another.

 Arraylist arr = new Arraylist();
 arr.addAll(Arrays.asList(asset));

The Answer 26

8 people think this answer is useful

Use the following code to convert an element array into an ArrayList.

Element[] array = {new Element(1), new Element(2), new Element(3)};

ArrayList<Element>elementArray=new ArrayList();
for(int i=0;i<array.length;i++) {
    elementArray.add(array[i]);
}

The Answer 27

6 people think this answer is useful

Given Object Array:

Element[] array = {new Element(1), new Element(2), new Element(3) , new Element(2)};

Convert Array to List:

    List<Element> list = Arrays.stream(array).collect(Collectors.toList());

Convert Array to ArrayList

    ArrayList<Element> arrayList = Arrays.stream(array)
                                       .collect(Collectors.toCollection(ArrayList::new));

Convert Array to LinkedList

    LinkedList<Element> linkedList = Arrays.stream(array)
                     .collect(Collectors.toCollection(LinkedList::new));

Print List:

    list.forEach(element -> {
        System.out.println(element.i);
    });

OUTPUT

1

2

3

The Answer 28

5 people think this answer is useful

Already everyone has provided enough good answer for your problem. Now from the all suggestions, you need to decided which will fit your requirement. There are two types of collection which you need to know. One is unmodified collection and other one collection which will allow you to modify the object later.

So, Here I will give short example for two use cases.

  • Immutable collection creation :: When you don’t want to modify the collection object after creation

    List<Element> elementList = Arrays.asList(array)

  • Mutable collection creation :: When you may want to modify the created collection object after creation.

    List<Element> elementList = new ArrayList<Element>(Arrays.asList(array));

The Answer 29

5 people think this answer is useful

Java 8’s Arrays class provides a stream() method which has overloaded versions accepting both primitive arrays and Object arrays.

/**** Converting a Primitive 'int' Array to List ****/

int intArray[] = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5};

List<Integer> integerList1 = Arrays.stream(intArray).boxed().collect(Collectors.toList());

/**** 'IntStream.of' or 'Arrays.stream' Gives The Same Output ****/

List<Integer> integerList2 = IntStream.of(intArray).boxed().collect(Collectors.toList());

/**** Converting an 'Integer' Array to List ****/

Integer integerArray[] = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10};

List<Integer> integerList3 = Arrays.stream(integerArray).collect(Collectors.toList());

The Answer 30

4 people think this answer is useful

Below code seems nice way of doing this.

new ArrayList<T>(Arrays.asList(myArray));

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