php – PHP cURL自定义标头

我想知道是否/如何在PHP中为cURL HTTP请求添加自定义标头。我试图模仿iTunes如何抓取艺术作品并使用这些非标准标题:

X-Apple-Tz: 0
X-Apple-Store-Front: 143444,12

如何将这些标头添加到请求中?


curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, array(
    'X-Apple-Tz: 0',
    'X-Apple-Store-Front: 143444,12'
));

http://www.php.net/manual/en/function.curl-setopt.php


使用以下语法

$ch = curl_init();
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL,"http://www.example.com/process.php");
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POST, 1);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS,$vars);  //Post Fields
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true);

$headers = [
    'X-Apple-Tz: 0',
    'X-Apple-Store-Front: 143444,12',
    'Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8',
    'Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate',
    'Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5',
    'Cache-Control: no-cache',
    'Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=utf-8',
    'Host: www.example.com',
    'Referer: http://www.example.com/index.php', //Your referrer address
    'User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Ubuntu; Linux i686; rv:28.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/28.0',
    'X-MicrosoftAjax: Delta=true'
];

curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, $headers);

$server_output = curl_exec ($ch);

curl_close ($ch);

print  $server_output ;

这是一个基本功能:

/**
 * 
 * @param string $url
 * @param string|array $post_fields
 * @param array $headers
 * @return type
 */
function cUrlGetData($url, $post_fields = null, $headers = null) {
    $ch = curl_init();
    $timeout = 5;
    curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, $url);
    if ($post_fields && !empty($post_fields)) {
        curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POST, 1);
        curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $post_fields);
    }
    if ($headers && !empty($headers)) {
        curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, $headers);
    }
    curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1);
    curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYHOST, 0);
    curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER, 0);
    curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_CONNECTTIMEOUT, $timeout);
    $data = curl_exec($ch);
    if (curl_errno($ch)) {
        echo 'Error:' . curl_error($ch);
    }
    curl_close($ch);
    return $data;
}

用法示例:

$url = "http://www.myurl.com";
$post_fields = 'postvars=val1&postvars2=val2';
$headers = ['Content-Type' => 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded', 'charset' => 'utf-8'];
$dat = cUrlGetData($url, $post_fields, $headers);
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