如何从SQL Server中的SELECT进行更新?

SQL Server中,可以insert使用以下SELECT语句将它们放入表中:

INSERT INTO Table (col1, col2, col3)
SELECT col1, col2, col3 
FROM other_table 
WHERE sql = 'cool'

是否也可以通过?更新SELECT?我有一个包含这些值的临时表,并希望使用这些值更新另一个表。也许是这样的:

UPDATE Table SET col1, col2
SELECT col1, col2 
FROM other_table 
WHERE sql = 'cool'
WHERE Table.id = other_table.id

UPDATE
    Table_A
SET
    Table_A.col1 = Table_B.col1,
    Table_A.col2 = Table_B.col2
FROM
    Some_Table AS Table_A
    INNER JOIN Other_Table AS Table_B
        ON Table_A.id = Table_B.id
WHERE
    Table_A.col3 = 'cool'

在SQL Server 2008(或更好)中,使用 MERGE

MERGE INTO YourTable T
   USING other_table S 
      ON T.id = S.id
         AND S.tsql = 'cool'
WHEN MATCHED THEN
   UPDATE 
      SET col1 = S.col1, 
          col2 = S.col2;

或者:

MERGE INTO YourTable T
   USING (
          SELECT id, col1, col2 
            FROM other_table 
           WHERE tsql = 'cool'
         ) S
      ON T.id = S.id
WHEN MATCHED THEN
   UPDATE 
      SET col1 = S.col1, 
          col2 = S.col2;


UPDATE table 
SET Col1 = i.Col1, 
    Col2 = i.Col2 
FROM (
    SELECT ID, Col1, Col2 
    FROM other_table) i
WHERE 
    i.ID = table.ID

我会修改罗宾对以下内容的出色答案:

UPDATE Table
SET Table.col1 = other_table.col1,
 Table.col2 = other_table.col2
FROM
    Table
INNER JOIN other_table ON Table.id = other_table.id
WHERE
    Table.col1 != other_table.col1
OR Table.col2 != other_table.col2
OR (
    other_table.col1 IS NOT NULL
    AND Table.col1 IS NULL
)
OR (
    other_table.col2 IS NOT NULL
    AND Table.col2 IS NULL
)

如果没有WHERE子句,你甚至会影响不需要影响的行,这可能(可能)导致索引重新计算或触发器实际上不应该被触发。

添加评论

友情链接:蝴蝶教程